The miniaturised emission chamber system and home-made passive flux sampler studies of monoaromatic hydrocarbons emissions from selected commercially-available floor coverings - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


The miniaturised emission chamber system and home-made passive flux sampler studies of monoaromatic hydrocarbons emissions from selected commercially-available floor coverings


The estimation of the emission rate of organic compounds released from various types of indoor materials can be performed using stationary environmental test chambers (ETC) classified as ex-situ methods or small-scale portable analytical devices based on the use of passive technique at the stage of analytes sampling from the gaseous phase (in-situ methods). The paper presents results of emissions of selected organic compounds from the monoaromatic hydrocarbons group (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p,m-xylene and styrene) emitted from the surfaces of various types of commercially-available floor coverings and the underlay made of polyurethane foam which might be installed indoors under floor coverings. The research were conducted simultaneously using a new type of miniature emission chambers system m-CTE™ 250 and a new type of home-made passive flux sampler (PFS). The interpretation and comparison of the obtained results allowed for determination of main factors that significantly affect the result of analysis and, ultimately, on the reliability of emission assessments, which included: the operation mode of the analytical device, the duration of studies and metrological and morphological characteristics of the studied samples. It was observed that in a case of floor coverings with synthetic fibres, the emission rate is influenced by factors such as: the fleece/pile weight (g/m2), the type of synthetic material used for fibre production, the colour of fibres and the applied underlay type (felt or synthetic jute). In a case of flexible floor coverings made of poly(vinyl chloride), the thickness of the abrasive layer influenced the quantity of released organic compounds.


  • 8


  • 6

    Web of Science

  • 7



artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Published in:
BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT no. 123, pages 1 - 13,
ISSN: 0360-1323
Publication year:
Bibliographic description:
Marć M., Namieśnik J., Zabiegała B.: The miniaturised emission chamber system and home-made passive flux sampler studies of monoaromatic hydrocarbons emissions from selected commercially-available floor coverings// BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT. -Vol. 123, (2017), s.1-13
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.06.035
Bibliography: test
  1. C. Howard-Reed, Z. Liu, J. Benning, S. Cox, D. Samarov, D. Leber, A.T. Hodgson, S. Mason, D. Won, J.C.D. Little, Diffusion-controlled reference material for volatile organic compound emissions testing: pilot inter-laboratory study, Build. Environ. 46 (2011) 1504e1511. open in new tab
  2. A. Katsoyiannis, P. Leva, J. Barrero-Moreno, D. Kotzias, Building materials. VOC emissions, diffusion behavior and implications from their use, Environ. Pollut. 169 (2012) 230e234. open in new tab
  3. N. Hamidin, J. Yu, D.T. Phung, D. Connel, C. Chu, Volatile aromatic hydrocar- bons (VAHs) in residential indoor air in Brisbane, Australia, Chemosphere 92 (2013) 1430e1435. open in new tab
  4. O. Wilke, O. Jann, D. Brçdner, VOC-and SVOC-emissions from adhesives, floor coverings and complete floor structures, Indoor Air 14 (2004) 98e107. open in new tab
  5. A. Tuomainen, M. Seuri, A. Sieppi, Indoor air quality and health problems associated with damp floor coverings, Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 77 (2004) 222e226. open in new tab
  6. H. J€ arnstr€ om, K. Saarela, P. Kalliokoski, A.-L. Pasanen, Reference values for structure emissions measured on site in new residential buildings in Finland, Atmos. Environ. 41 (2007) 2290e2302.
  7. M. B€ ohm, M.Z.M. Salem, J. Srba, Formaldehyde emission monitoring from a variety of solid wood, plywood, blockboard and flooring products manufac- tured for building and furnishing materials, J. Hazard. Mater 221e222 (2012) 68e79.
  8. M. Mar c, B. Zabiegała, J. Namie snik, Miniaturized passive emission chambers for in situ measurement of emissions of volatile organic compounds, Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 43 (2013) 55e61.
  9. M. Mar c, B. Zabiegała, J. Namie snik, Testing and sampling devices for moni- toring volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds in indoor air, Trends Anal. Chem. 32 (2012) 76e86.
  10. T. Salthammer, S. Mentese, R. Marutzkyet, Formaldehyde in the indoor environment, Chem. Rev. 110 (2010) 2536e2572. open in new tab
  11. J. Lim, S. Kim, A.R. Kim, W. Lee, J. Han, J.-S. Cha, Behavior of VOCs and carbonyl compounds emission from different types of wallpapers in Korea, Int. J. En- viron. Res. Public Health 11 (2014) 4326e4339. open in new tab
  12. Y. Yao, J.Y. Xiong, W.W. Liu, J.H. Mo, Y.P. Zhang, Determination of the equiv- alent emission parameters of wood-based furniture by applying C-history method, Atmos. Environ. 45 (2011) 5602e5611. open in new tab
  13. S. Kemmlein, O. Hahn, O. Jann, Emissions of organophosphate and brominated flame retardants from selected consumer products and building materials, Atmos. Environ. 37 (2003) 5485e5493. open in new tab
  14. S. Kim, J.-A. Kim, H.-J. Kim, S.D. Kim, Determination of formaldehyde and TVOC emission factor from wood-based composites by small chamber method, Poly. Test. 25 (2006) 605e614. open in new tab
  15. P. Wolkoff, Impact of air velocity, temperature, humidity, and air on long-term voc emissions from building products, Atmos. Environ. 32 (1998) 2659e2668. open in new tab
  16. E. Uhde, T. Salthammer, Impact of reaction products from building materials and furnishings on indoor air quality e a review of recent advances in indoor chemistry, Atmos. Environ. 41 (2007) 3111e3128. open in new tab
  17. C. Yrieix, A. Dulaurent, C. Laffargue, F. Maupetit, T. Pacary, E. Uhde, Charac- terization of VOC and formaldehyde emissions from a wood based panel: results from an inter-laboratory comparison, Chemosphere 79 (2010) 414e419. open in new tab
  18. J.-Y. An, S. Kim, Y.P. Kim, J. Seo, Emission behavior of formaldehyde and TVOC from engineered flooring in under heating and air circulation systems, Build. Environ. 45 (2010) 1826e1833. open in new tab
  19. Y.-T. Huang, C.-C. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, C.-M. Chiang, C.-Y. Lee, Environmental test chamber elucidation of ozone-initiated secondary pollutant emissions from painted wooden panels in buildings, Build. Environ. 50 (2012) 135e140. open in new tab
  20. N. Shinohara, Y. Kai, A. Mizukoshi, M. Fujii, K. Kumagai, Y. Okuizumi, M. Jona, Y. Yanagisawa, On-site passive flux sampler measurement of emission rates of carbonyls and VOCs from multiple indoor sources, Build. Environ. 44 (2009) 859e863. open in new tab
  21. A. Blondel, H. Plaisance, Validation of a passive flux sampler for on-site measurement of formaldehyde emission rates from building and furnishing materials, Anal. Methods 2 (2010) 2032e2038. open in new tab
  22. M. Fujii, N. Shinohara, A. Lim, T. Otake, K. Kumagai, Y. Yanagisawa, A study on emission of phthalate esters from plastic materials using a passive flux sampler, Atmos. Environ. 37 (2003) 5495e5504. open in new tab
  23. D.H. Kang, D.H. Choi, S.M. Lee, M.S. Yeo, K.W. Kim, Effect of bake-out on reducing VOC emissions and concentrations in a residential housing unit with a radiant floor heating system, Build. Environ. 45 (2010) 1816e1825. open in new tab
  24. G. Poulhet, S. Dusanter, S. Crunaire, N. Locoge, P. Kaluzny, P. Coddeville, Recent developments of passive samplers for measuring material emission rates: toward simple tools to help improving indoor air quality, Build. Envi- ron. 93 (2015) 106e114. open in new tab
  25. H. Plaisance, A. Blondel, V. Desauziers, P. Mocho, Characteristics of formal- dehyde emissions from indoor materials assessed by a method using passive flux sampler measurements, Build. Environ. 73 (2014) 249e255. open in new tab
  26. S.S. Cox, Z. Liu, J.C. Little, C. Howard-Reed, S.J. Nabinger, A. Persily, Diffusion- controlled reference material for VOC emissions testing: proof of concept, Indoor Air 20 (2010) 424e433. open in new tab
  27. C. Howard-Reed, Z. Liu, J. Benning, S. Cox, D. Samarov, D. Leber, A.T. Hodgson, S. Mason, D. Won, J.C. Little, Diffusion-controlled reference material for vol- atile organic compound emissions testing: pilot inter-laboratory study, Build. Environ. 46 (2011) 1504e1511. open in new tab
  28. W. Wei, Y. Zhang, J. Xiong, M. Li, A standard reference for chamber testing of material VOC emissions: design principle and performance, Atmos. Environ. 47 (2012) 381e388. open in new tab
  29. W. Wei, S. Greer, C. Howard-Reed, A. Persily, Y. Zhang, VOC emissions from a LIFE reference: small chamber tests and factorial studies, Build. Environ. 57 (2012) 282e289. open in new tab
  30. M. Nohr, W. Horn, O. Jann, M. Richter, W. Lorenz, Development of a multi-VOC reference material for quality assurance in materials emission testing, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407 (2015) 3231e3237. open in new tab
  31. T. Schripp, B. Nachtwey, J. Toelke, T. Salthammer, E. Uhde, M. Wensing, M. Bahadir, A microscale device for measuring emissions from materials for indoor use, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387 (2007) 1907e1919. open in new tab
  32. M. Mar c, K. Formela, M. Klein, J. Namie snik, B. Zabiegała, The emissions of monoaromatic hydrocarbons from small polymeric toys placed in chocolate food products, Sci. Total Environ. 530e531 (2015) 290e296.
  33. M. Nohr, W. Horn, K. Wiegner, M. Richter, W. Lorenz, Development of a material with reproducible emission of selected volatile organic compounds e m-Chamber study, Chemosphere 107 (2014) 224e229. open in new tab
  34. M. Mar c, J. Namie snik, B. Zabiegała, The home-made in situ passive flux sampler for the measurement of monoterpene emission flux: preliminary studies, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407 (2015) 6879e6884.
  35. Y. Sekine, S. Toyooka, S.F. Watts, Determination of acetaldehyde and acetone emanating from human skin using a passive flux samplerdHPLC system, J. Chromatogr. B 859 (2007) 201e207. open in new tab
  36. M. Mar c, B. Zabiegała, J. Namie snik, Application of passive sampling technique in monitoring research on quality of atmospheric air in the area of Tczew, Poland, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 94 (2014) 151e167.
  37. M. Mar c, J. Namie snik, B. Zabiegała, BTEX concentration levels in urban air in the area of the Tri-City agglomeration (Gdansk, Gdynia, Sopot), Poland, Air Qual. Atmos. Health 7 (2014) 489e504.
  38. B. Zabiegała, C. Sarbu, M. Urbanowicz, J. Namie snik, A comparative study of the performance of passive samplers, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 61 (2011) 260e268. open in new tab
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 17 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags