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3D Vision System for a Robotic Arm Based on Equal Baseline Camera Array

Abstract

This paper presents a lightweight 3D vision system called Equal Baseline Camera Array (EBCA). EBCA can work in different light conditions and it can be applied for measuring large range of distances. The system is a useful alternative to other known distance measuring devices such as structured-light 3D scanners, time-of-flight cameras, Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) devices and structure from motion techniques. EBCA can be mounted on a robotic arm without putting significant load on its construction. EBCA consists of a central camera and a ring of side cameras. The system uses stereo matching algorithms to acquire disparity maps and depth maps similarly as in case of using stereo cameras. This paper introduces methods of adapting stereo matching algorithms designed for stereo cameras to EBCA. The paper also presents the analysis of local, semi-global and global stereo matching algorithms in the context of the EBCA usage. Experiments show that, on average, results obtained from EBCA contain 37.49% less errors than the results acquired from a single stereo camera used in the same conditions.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach dostępnych w wersji elektronicznej [także online]
Published in:
JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS pages 1 - 16,
ISSN: 0921-0296
Language:
English
Publication year:
2019
Bibliographic description:
Kaczmarek A., 3D Vision System for a Robotic Arm Based on Equal Baseline Camera Array, JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS, 2019,10.1007/s10846-019-01117-8
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1007/s10846-019-01117-8
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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