A Parallax Shift Effect Correction Based on Cloud Height for Geostationary Satellites and Radar Observations - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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A Parallax Shift Effect Correction Based on Cloud Height for Geostationary Satellites and Radar Observations

Abstract

The effect of cloud parallax shift occurs in satellite imaging, particularly for high angles of satellite observations. This study demonstrates new methods of parallax effect correction for clouds observed by geostationary satellites. The analytical method that could be found in literature, namely the Vicente et al./Koenig method, is presented at the beginning. It approximates a cloud position using an ellipsoid with semi-axes increased by the cloud height. The error values of this method reach up to 50 meters. The second method, which is proposed by the author, is an augmented version of the Vicente et al./Koenig approach. With this augmentation, the error can be reduced to centimeters. The third method, also proposed by the author, incorporates geodetic coordinates. It is described as a set of equations that are solved with the numerical method, and its error can be driven to near zero by adjusting the count of iterations. A sample numerical solution procedure with application of the Newton method is presented. Also, a simulation experiment that evaluates the proposed methods is described in the paper. The results of an experiment are described and contrasted with current technology. Currently, operating geostationary Earth Observation (EO) satellite resolutions vary from 0.5 km up to 8 km. The pixel sizes of these satellites are much greater than for maximal error of the least precise method presented in this paper. Therefore, the chosen method will be important when the resolution of geostationary EO satellites reaches 50 m. To validate the parallax correction, procedure data from on-ground radars and the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite, which describes stormy events, was compared before and after correction. Comparison was performed by correlating the logarithm of the cloud optical thickness (COT) with radar reflectance in dBZ (radar reflectance – Z in logarithmic form).

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Remote Sensing no. 12, pages 1 - 20,
ISSN: 2072-4292
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Bieliński T.: A Parallax Shift Effect Correction Based on Cloud Height for Geostationary Satellites and Radar Observations// Remote Sensing -Vol. 12, (2020), s.1-20
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/rs12030365
Sources of funding:
  • Działalność statusowa
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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