Bacteriophages as potential tools for use in antimicrobial therapy and vaccine development - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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Bacteriophages as potential tools for use in antimicrobial therapy and vaccine development

Abstract

The constantly growing number of people suffering from bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, parasitic diseases, and cancers prompts the search for innovative methods of disease prevention and treatment, especially based on vaccines and targeted therapy. An additional problem is the global threat to humanity resulting from the increasing resistance of bacteria to commonly used antibiotics. Conventional vaccines based on bacteria or viruses are common and are generally effective in preventing and controlling various infectious diseases in humans. However, there are problems with the stability of these vaccines, their transport, targeted delivery, safe use, and side effects. In this context, experimental phage therapy based on viruses replicating in bacterial cells currently offers a chance for a breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial infections. Phages are not infectious and pathogenic to eukaryotic cells and do not cause diseases in human body. Furthermore, bacterial viruses are sufficient immuno-stimulators with potential adjuvant abilities, easy to transport, and store. They can also be produced on a large scale with cost reduction. In recent years, they have also provided an ideal platform for the design and production of phage-based vaccines to induce protective host immune responses. The most promising in this group are phage-displayed vaccines, allowing for the display of immunogenic peptides or proteins on the phage surfaces, or phage DNA vaccines responsible for expression of target genes (encoding protective antigens) incorporated into the phage genome. Phage vaccines inducing the production of specific antibodies may in the future protect us against infectious diseases and constitute an effective immune tool to fight cancer. Moreover, personalized phage therapy can represent the greatest medical achievement that saves lives. This review demonstrates the latest advances and developments in the use of phage vaccines to prevent human infectious diseases; phage-based therapy, including clinical trials; and personalized treatment adapted to the patient’s needs and the type of bacterial infection. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of experimental phage therapy and, at the same time, indicates its great potential in the treatment of various diseases, especially those resistant to commonly used antibiotics. All the analyses performed look at the rich history and development of phage therapy over the past 100 years.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Pharmaceuticals no. 14, pages 331 - 351,
ISSN: 1424-8247
Language:
English
Publication year:
2021
Bibliographic description:
Zalewska-Piątek B., Piątek R.: Bacteriophages as potential tools for use in antimicrobial therapy and vaccine development// Pharmaceuticals -Vol. 14,iss. 4 (2021), s.331-351
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/ph14040331
Sources of funding:
  • Działalność statusowa
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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