Bioassays as one of the Green Chemistry tools for assessing environmental quality: A review - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

Search

Bioassays as one of the Green Chemistry tools for assessing environmental quality: A review

Abstract

For centuries, mankind has contributed to irreversible environmental changes, but due to the modern science of recent decades, scientists are able to assess the scale of this impact. The introduction of laws and standards to ensure environmental cleanliness requires comprehensive environmental monitoring, which should also meet the requirements of Green Chemistry. The broad spectrum of Green Chemistry principle applications should also include all of the techniques and methods of pollutant analysis and environmental monitoring. The classical methods of chemical analyses do not always match the twelve principles of Green Chemistry, and they are often expensive and employ toxic and environmentally unfriendly solvents in large quantities. These solvents can generate hazardous and toxic waste while consuming large volumes of resources. Therefore, there is a need to develop reliable techniques that would not only meet the requirements of Green Analytical Chemistry, but they could also complement and sometimes provide an alternative to conventional classical analytical methods. These alternatives may be found in bioassays. Commercially available certified bioassays often come in the form of ready-to-use toxkits, and they are easy to use and relatively inexpensive in comparison with certain conventional analytical methods. The aim of this study is to provide evidence that bioassays can be a complementary alternative to classical methods of analysis and can fulfil Green Analytical Chemistry criteria. The test organisms discussed in this work include single-celled organisms, such as cell lines, fungi (yeast), and bacteria, and multicellular organisms, such as invertebrate and vertebrate animals and plants.

Citations

  • 3 5

    CrossRef

  • 3 9

    Web of Science

  • 4 2

    Scopus

Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Published in:
ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL no. 94, pages 341 - 361,
ISSN: 0160-4120
Publication year:
2016
Bibliographic description:
Wieczerzak M., Namieśnik J., Kudłak B.: Bioassays as one of the Green Chemistry tools for assessing environmental quality: A review// ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL. -Vol. 94, (2016), s.341-361
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.017
Bibliography: test
  1. Adams, M.D., Celniker, S.E., Holt, R.A., Evans, C.A., Gocayne, J.D., Amanatides, P.G., et al., 2000. The genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster. Science 287, 2185-2195. open in new tab
  2. AFNOR, 1994. X31-251. Soil quality. Effects of pollutants on earthworms (Eisenia fetida). Part 1: Determination of Acute Toxicity Using Artificial Soil Substrate. open in new tab
  3. AFNOR, 1996. XP T 90-337; 1996. Determination of the Inhibitory Effect on the Growth of Lemna minor (in French). open in new tab
  4. AFNOR, 2000a. NF T90-378. Water quality. Determination of chronic toxicity to Daphnia magna Strauss in 7 days. Simplified Population Growth Inhibition Test (in French). open in new tab
  5. AFNOR, 2000b. NF T90-377. Water quality -determination of chronic toxicity to Brachionus calyciflorus in 48 h. Population Growth Inhibition Test. open in new tab
  6. AFNOR, 2003. XP T90-380. Water quality -determination of the inhibition of the mobil- ity of Daphnia magna Strauss by chemicals in presence of organic carbon in the form of humic acids. Acute Toxicity Test (in French). open in new tab
  7. AFNOR, 2004. XP T90-339-1. Water Quality -Determination of the Toxicity of Fresh Water Sediments to Chironomous riparius. open in new tab
  8. AFNOR, 2009. NF T90-376: 2000. Water Quality -Determination of Chronic Toxicity to Ceriodaphnia dubia in 7 Days -Population Growth Inhibition Test. open in new tab
  9. Akamizu, T., Shinomiya, T., Irako, T., Fukunaga, M., Nakai, Y., Nakai, Y., Kangawa, K., 2005. Separate measurement of plasma levels of acylated and desacyl ghrelin in healthy subjects using a new direct ELISA assay. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 90, 6-9. open in new tab
  10. Algaltoxkit™ test, ALGALTOXKIT F™ freshwater toxicity test with microalgae. http:// www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Algaltoxkit%20F%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12. 2015). open in new tab
  11. Amarillo, A.C., Busso, I.T., Carreras, H., 2014. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocar- bons in urban environments: health risk assessment by age groups. Environ. Pollut. 195, 157-162. open in new tab
  12. Ames, B.N., McCann, J., Yamasaki, E., 1975. Methods for detecting carcinogens and muta- gens with the Salmonella/mammalian-microsome mutagenicity test. Mutat. Res. En- viron. Mutagen. Relat. Subj. 31, 347-363. open in new tab
  13. Ames test, Ames test -ready to use kits with rat liver S9. http://www.xenometrix.ch/en/ products/details/ames-mpf-and-ames-ii-mutagenicity-assay-systems.html accessed 12.2015. open in new tab
  14. Anastas, P.T., Kirchhoff, M.M., 2002. Origins, current status, and future challenges of green chemistry. Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 686-694. open in new tab
  15. Anastas, P.T., Warner, J.C., 1998. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press, Oxford. open in new tab
  16. Armenta, S., Garrigues, S., De la Guardia, M.D., 2008. Green analytical chemistry. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 27, 498-511. open in new tab
  17. ARTOXKIT test, ARTOXKIT M™ Artemia toxicity screening test for estuarine and marine waters. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Artoxkit%20M%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf accessed 12. 2015. open in new tab
  18. ASTM, 1998. E1415-91; 1998. Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests with Lemna gibba G3. open in new tab
  19. ASTM, 2010a. ASTM E1706-05(2010). Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates. open in new tab
  20. ASTM, 2010b. ASTM E2186-02a(2010). Standard Guide for Determining DNA Single- Strand Damage in Eukaryotic Cells Using the Comet Assay. open in new tab
  21. ASTM, 2012a. E1193-97(2012). Standard Guide for Conducting Daphnia magna Life-Cycle Toxicity Test. open in new tab
  22. ASTM, 2012b. ASTM E1440-91(2012). Standard Guide for Acute Toxicity Test with the Rotifer brachionus. open in new tab
  23. ASTM, 2012c. Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity or Bioaccumulation Tests with the Lumbricid Earthworm Eisenia fetida and the Enchytraeid Potworm Enchytraeus albidus ASTM:E1676-12; 2012. pp. 1-27. open in new tab
  24. Bahadir, T., Bakan, G., Altas, L., Buyukgungor, H., 2007. The investigation of lead removal by biosorption: an application at storage battery industry wastewaters. Enzym. Microb. Technol. 41, 98-102. open in new tab
  25. Beck, V., Pfitscher, A., Jungbauer, A., 2005. GFP-reporter for a high throughput assay to monitor estrogenic compounds. J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 64, 19-37. open in new tab
  26. Bejrowska, A., Kudłak, B., Owczarek, K., Szczepańska, N., Namieśnik, J., Mazerska, Z., 2015. Changes in the activity of enzymes metabolising xenobiotics as a marker of biological effect of environmental pollution. Trends Anal. Chem. 74, 109-119. open in new tab
  27. Belmeskine, H., Haddad, S., Vandelac, L., Sauvè, S., Fournier, M., 2012. Toxic effects of PCDD/Fs mixtures on Eisenia andrei earthworms. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 80, 54-59. open in new tab
  28. Bernhardt, E.S., Palmer, M.A., 2011. The environmental costs of mountaintop mining val- ley fill operations for aquatic ecosystems of the central Appalachians. NY Acad Sci]- >Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1223, 39-57. open in new tab
  29. Berridge, M.V., Herst, P.M., Tan, A.S., 2005. Tetrazolium dyes as tools in cell biology: new insights into their cellular reduction. Biotechnol. Annu. Rev. 11, 127-152. open in new tab
  30. Bierkens, J., Klein, G., Corbisier, P., Van Den Heuvel, R., Verschaeve, L., Weltens, R., et al., 1998. Comparative sensitivity of 20 bioassays for soil quality. Chemosphere 37, 2935-2947. open in new tab
  31. Bolle, P., Mastrangelo, S., Tucci, P., Evandri, M.G., 2004. Clastogenicity of atrazine assessed with the Allium cepa test. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 43, 137-141. open in new tab
  32. Braekevelt, E., Tittlemier, S.A., Tomy, G.T., 2003. Direct measurement of octanol-water partition coefficients of some environmentally relevant brominated diphenyl ether congeners. Chemosphere 51, 563-567. open in new tab
  33. Cardinale, B.J., Matulich, K.L., Hooper, D.U., Byrnes, J.E., Duffy, E., Gamfeldt, L., et al., 2011. The functional role of producer diversity in ecosystems. Am. J. Bot. 98, 572-592. open in new tab
  34. Cardoso, D.N., Santos, M.J., Soares, A.M., Loureiro, S., 2015. Molluscicide baits impair the life traits of Folsomia candida (Collembola): possible hazard to the population level and soil function. Chemosphere 132, 1-7. open in new tab
  35. Cayuela, M.L., Millner, P., Slovin, J., Roig, A., 2007. Duckweed (Lemna gibba) growth inhi- bition bioassay for evaluating the toxicity of olive mill wastes before and during composting. Chemosphere 68, 1985-1991. open in new tab
  36. CERIODAPHTOXKIT test, CERIODAPHTOXKIT F ACUTE crustacean acute toxicity screening test for freshwater. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Ceriodaphtoxkit%20F% 20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf accessed 12.2015. open in new tab
  37. Chen, E.C., Miller, S.A., DeRisi, J.L., Chiu, C.Y., 2011. Using a pan-viral microarray assay (Virochip) to screen clinical samples for viral pathogens. J. Vis. Exp. 50, 1-4. open in new tab
  38. Cohn, B.A., Cirillo, P.M., Sholtz, R.I., Ferrara, A., Park, J.S., Schwingl, P.J., 2011. Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure in mothers and time to pregnancy in daughters. Reprod. Toxicol. 31, 290-296. open in new tab
  39. Connolly, L., Ropstad, E., Verhaegen, S., 2011. In vitro bioassays for the study of endocrine- disrupting food additives and contaminants. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 30, 227-238. open in new tab
  40. Cordy, P., Veiga, M.M., Salih, I., Al-Saadi, S., Console, S., Garcia, O., et al., 2011. Mercury con- tamination from artisanal gold mining in Antioquia, Colombia: the world's highest per capita mercury pollution. Sci. Total Environ. 410-411, 154-160. open in new tab
  41. Cytotoxicity assays multiple endpoints. http://amestest.cz/pdf/In%20Cytotox%20Leafet% 20v2.pdf accessed 12. 2015. open in new tab
  42. Czech, B., Jośko, I., Oleszczuk, P., 2014. Ecotoxicological evaluation of selected pharmaceu- ticals to Vibrio fischeri and Daphnia magna before and after photooxidation process. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 104, 247-253. open in new tab
  43. Czerniawska-Kusza, I., Kusza, G., 2011. The potential of the Phytotoxkit microbiotest for hazard evaluation of sediments in eutrophic freshwater ecosystems. Environ. Monit. Assess. 179, 113-121. open in new tab
  44. DAPHNIA PLULEX toxicity test. http://www.ebpi.ca/index.php?option=com_ content&view=article&id=52&Itemid=60 accessed 12.2015. DAPHTOXKIT test, DAPHTOXKIT F ™ MAGNA crustacean toxicity screening test for fresh- water. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Daphtoxkit%20magna%20F%20SOP%20-% 20A5.pdf accessed 12.2015. open in new tab
  45. De la Guardia, M., Garrigues, S., 2012. Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester. DIN, 1989. DIN 38412-30:1989-03. German Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Waste Water and Sludge; Bio-Assays (Group L); Determining the Tolerance of Daphnia to the Toxicity of Waste Water by Way of a Dilution Series (L30) (in German). open in new tab
  46. DIN, 1999. DIN 38412 P37. German Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Waste Water and Sludge Bioassays. Part 37: Determination of the Inhibitory Effect of Water on the Growth of Photobacterium phosphoreum (Cell Multiplication Inhibi- tion Test). open in new tab
  47. Dizer, H., Wittekindt, E., Fischer, B., Hansen, P.D., 2002. The cytotoxic and genotoxic po- tential of surface water and wastewater effluents as determined by bioluminescence, umu-assays and selected biomarkers. Chemosphere 46, 225-233. open in new tab
  48. EFSA, 2013. European food safety authority, EFSA guidance document on the risk assess- ment of plant protection products on bees (Apis mellifera, Bombus spp. and solitary bees). http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/3295 (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  49. ELISA test, platinum ELISA, a complete, validated ELISA solution. http://www.ebioscience. com/product-line/platinum-elisa-kits.htm (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  50. EPS, 1996. EPS 1/RM/11. Environment Canada, Biological Test Method: Acute Lethality Test Using Daphnia spp.. open in new tab
  51. EPS, 1997a. EPS 1/RM/32. Environment Canada, Biological Test Method: Test for Survival and Growth in Sediment Using the Larvae of Freshwater Midges (Chironomus tentans or Chironomus riparius). open in new tab
  52. EPS, 1997b. EPS 1/RM/21. Environment Canada, Biological Test Method: Test to Repro- duction and Survival Using Cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia.. open in new tab
  53. EU, 2013. Council of the European Parliament, Directive 2013/39/EU of the European Par- liament and of the Council of 12 August 2013 amending directives 2000/60/ECja and 2008/105/EC as regards priority substances in the field of water policy. Off. J. Eur. Union 1-17 (2013 [From: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/? uri=CELEX:32013L0039&from=EN] accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  54. EU, 2000. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 Oc- tober 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water pol- icy. Off. J. Eur. Union 1-73 (2000 [From: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri= cellar:5c835afb-2ec6-4577-bdf8-756d3d694eeb.0004.02/DOC_1&format=PDF] accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  55. EU, 2006. Directive 2006/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 Febru- ary 2006 concerning the management of bathing water quality. Off. J. Eur. Union 37-51 [From: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 32006L0007&from=EN] accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  56. EU, 2008. Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008, on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe. Off. J. Eur. 1-44 (2008 [From: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 32008L0050&from=EN] accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  57. Fairbairn, D.W., Olive, P.L., O'Neill, K.L., 1995. The comet assay: a comprehensive review. Mutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. 339, 37-59. open in new tab
  58. Farré, M.J., Day, S., Neale, P.A., Stalter, D., Tang, J.Y.M., Escher, B.I., 2013. Bioanalytical and chemical assessment of the disinfection by-product formation potential: role of or- ganic matter. Water Res. 47, 5409-5421. open in new tab
  59. Fic, A., Žegura, B., Gramec, D., Mašič, L.P., 2014. Estrogenic and androgenic activities of TBBA and TBMEPH, metabolites of novel brominated flame retardants, and selected bisphenols, using the XenoScreen XL YES/YAS assay. Chemosphere 112, 362-369. open in new tab
  60. Finizio, A., Mackay, D., Bidleman, T., Harner, T., 1997a. Octanol-air partition coefficient as a predictor of partitioning of semi-volatile organic chemicals to aerosols. Atmos. En- viron. 31, 2289-2296. open in new tab
  61. Finizio, A., Vighi, M., Sandroni, D., 1997b. Determination of n-octanol/water partition co- efficient (Kow) of pesticide critical review and comparison of methods. Chemosphere 34, 131-161. open in new tab
  62. Fiskesjö, G., 1985. The Allium test as a standard in environmental monitoring. Hereditas 102, 99-112. open in new tab
  63. Fleeger, J.W., Carman, K.R., Nisbet, R.M., 2003. Indirect effects of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems. Sci. Total Environ. 317, 207-233. open in new tab
  64. Frenzilli, G., Nigro, M., Lyons, B.P., 2009. The Comet assay for the evaluation of genotoxic impact in aquatic environments. Mutat. Res. Rev. Mutat. Res. 681, 80-92. open in new tab
  65. Gabrielson, J., Kühn, I., Colque-Navarro, P., Hart, M., Iversen, A., McKenzie, D., Möllby, R., 2003. Microplate-based microbial assay for risk assessment and (eco) toxic finger- printing of chemicals. Anal. Chim. Acta 485, 121-130. open in new tab
  66. Gałuszka, A., Migaszewski, Z., Namieśnik, J., 2013. The 12 principles of green analytical chemistry and the significance mnemonic of green analytical practices. Trends Anal. Chem. 50, 78-84. open in new tab
  67. Gómez-Oliván, L.M., Neri-Cruz, N., Galar-Martínez, M., Vieyra-Reyes, P., García-Medina, S., Razo-Estrada, C., et al., 2012. Assessing the oxidative stress induced by paracetamol spiked in artificial sediment on Hyalella azteca. Water Air Soil Pollut. 223, 5097-5104. open in new tab
  68. Han, X.Y., Wang, Z.Y., Zhai, Z.C., Wang, L.S., 2006. Estimation of n-octanol/water partition coefficients (Kow) of all PCB congeners by ab initio and a Cl substitution position method. QSAR Comb. Sci. 25, 333-334. open in new tab
  69. Harner, T., Green, N.J., Jones, K.C., 2000. Measurements of octanol-air partition coefficients for PCDD/Fs: a tool in assessing air-soil equilibrium status. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 3109-3114. open in new tab
  70. Harner, T., Macka, D., 1995. Measurement of octanol-air partition coefficients for chloro- benzenes, PCBs, and DDT. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29, 1599-1606. open in new tab
  71. Harner, T., Shoeib, M., 2002. Measurements of octanol-air partition coefficients (Koa) for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): predicting partitioning in the environ- ment. J. Chem. Eng. Data 47, 228-232. open in new tab
  72. Hawthorne, S.B., Grabanski, C.B., Miller, D.J., 2006. Measured partitioning coefficients for parent and alkyl polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in 114 historically contaminated sediments: part 1 KOC values. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 25, 2901-2911. open in new tab
  73. Hodacs, H., 2010. In the field: exploring nature with Carolus Linnaeus. Endeavour 34, 45-49. open in new tab
  74. Houtman, C.J., Cenijn, P.H., Hamers, T., Lamoree, M.H., Legler, J., Murk, A.J., et al., 2004. Toxicological profiling of sediments using in vitro bioassays, with emphasis on endo- crine disruption. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23, 32-40. open in new tab
  75. Hsu, H.H., Lin, L.Y., Tseng, Y.C., Horn, J.L., Hwang, P.P., 2014. A new model for fish ion reg- ulation: identification of ionocytes in freshwater-and seawater-acclimated medaka (Oryzias latipes). Cell Tissue Res. 357, 225-243. open in new tab
  76. Huang, L., Zuo, Z., Zhang, Y., Wu, M., Lin, J.J., Wang, C., 2014. Use of toxicogenomics to pre- dict the potential toxic effect of benzo(a)pyrene on zebrafish embryos: ocular devel- opmental toxicity. Chemosphere 108, 55-61. open in new tab
  77. Hung, H., Kallenborn, R., Breivik, K., Su, Y., Brorström-Lundén, E., Olafsdottir, K., et al., 2010. Atmospheric monitoring of organic pollutants in the Arctic under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP): 1993-2006. Environ. Sci. Technol. 408, 2854-2873. open in new tab
  78. Illés, E., Szabó, E., Takács, E., Wojnárovits, L., Dombi, A., Gajda-Schrantz, K., 2014. Ketoprofen removal by O 3 and O 3 /UV processes: kinetics, transformation products and ecotoxicity. Sci. Total Environ. 472, 178-184. open in new tab
  79. Iqbal, M., 2016. Vicia faba bioassay for environmental toxicity monitoring: a review. Chemosphere 144, 785-802. open in new tab
  80. ISO, 1996a. ISO 7346-1:1996. Water Quality -Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity of Substances to a Freshwater Fish [Brachydanio rerio Hamilton-Buchanan (Teleostei, Cyprinidae)] -Part 1: Static Method. open in new tab
  81. ISO, 1996b. ISO 7346-2:1996. Water Quality -Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity of Substances to a Freshwater Fish [Brachydanio rerio Hamilton-Buchanan (Teleostei, Cyprinidae)] -Part 2: Semi-Static Method. open in new tab
  82. ISO, 1996c. ISO 7346-3:1996. Water Quality -Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity of Substances to a Freshwater Fish [Brachydanio rerio Hamilton-Buchanan (Teleostei, Cyprinidae)] -Part 3: Flow-Through Method. open in new tab
  83. ISO, 2000a. ISO 13829:2000. Water Quality -Determination of the Genotoxicity of Water and Waste Water Using the Umu-Test. open in new tab
  84. ISO, 2000b. ISO 10706:2000. Water Quality -Determination of Long Term Toxicity of Substances to Daphnia magna Straus (Cladocera, Crustacea). open in new tab
  85. ISO, 2000c. ISO 13829:2000. Water Quality -Determination of the Genotoxicity of Water and Waste Water Using the Umu-Test. open in new tab
  86. ISO, 2006. ISO 10253:2006. Water Quality -Marine Algal Growth Inhibition Test with Skeletonema costatum and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. open in new tab
  87. ISO, 2007a. ISO 15088:2007. Water Quality -Determination of the Acute Toxicity of Waste Water to Zebrafish Eggs (Danio rerio). open in new tab
  88. ISO, 2007b. ISO 11348-3:2007. Water Quality -Determination of the Inhibitory Effect of Water Samples on the Light Emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent Bacteria Test) - Part 3: Method Using Freeze-Dried Bacteria. open in new tab
  89. ISO, 2008. ISO 20666:2008. Water Quality -Determination of the Chronic Toxicity to Brachionus calyciflorus in 48 h.. open in new tab
  90. ISO, 2011. ISO 14380:2011. Water Quality -Determination of the Acute Toxicity to Thamnocephalus platyurus. Crustacea, Anostraca. open in new tab
  91. ISO, 2012a. ISO 8692:2012. Water Quality -Fresh Water Algal Growth Inhibition Test with Unicellular Green Algae. open in new tab
  92. ISO, 2012b. ISO 11268-1:2012. Soil Quality -Effects of Pollutants on Earthworms -Part 1: Determination of Acute Toxicity to Eisenia fetida/Eisenia andrei. open in new tab
  93. ISO, 2012c. ISO:11268-2:2012. Soil Quality -Effects of Pollutants on Earthworms - Part 2: Determination of Effects on Reproduction of Eisenia fetida/Eisenia Andrei. open in new tab
  94. ISO, 2012d. ISO 6341:2012. Water Quality -Determination of the Inhibition of the Mobil- ity of Daphnia magna Straus (Cladocera, Crustacea) -Acute Toxicity Test. open in new tab
  95. ISO, 2012e. ISO 14371:2012. Water Quality -Determination of Fresh Water Sediment Toxicity to Heterocypris incongruens (Crustacea, Ostracoda). open in new tab
  96. ISO, 2013. ISO 29200:2013. Soil Quality -Assessment of Genotoxic Effects on Higher Plants -Vicia faba Micronucleus Test. open in new tab
  97. ISO, 2014a. ISO:11268-3:2014. Soil Quality -Effects of Pollutants on Earthworms -Part 3: Guidance on the Determination of Effects in Field Situations. open in new tab
  98. ISO, 2014b. ISO 11267:2014. Soil Quality -Inhibition of Reproduction of Collembola (Folsomia candida) by Soil Contaminants. open in new tab
  99. Jajoo, A., Mekala, N.R., Tomar, R.S., Grieco, M., Tikkanen, M., Aro, E.M., 2014. Inhibitory effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on photosynthetic perfor- mance are not related to their aromaticity. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B Biol. 137, 151-155. open in new tab
  100. Jardine, N., Secord, J.A., Spary, E.C., 1996. Cultures of Natural History. Cambridge Universi- ty Press, Cambridge.
  101. Kaldor, J., Harris, J.A., Glazer, E., Glaser, S., Neutra, R., Mayberry, R., et al., 1984. Statistical association between cancer incidence and major-cause mortality, and estimated res- idential exposure to air emissions from petroleum and chemical plants. Environ. Health Perspect. 54, 319-332. open in new tab
  102. Kevan, P.G., 1999. Pollinators as bioindicators of the state of the environment: species, ac- tivity and diversity. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 74, 373-393. open in new tab
  103. Kim, Y., Lee, D., 2002. Solubility enhancement of PCDD/F in the presence of dissolved humic matter. J. Hazard. Mater. 91, 113-127. open in new tab
  104. Klaassen, C.D., 2013. Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. eighth ed. McGraw-Hill Medical, New York.
  105. Koivisto, S., 1995. Is Daphnia magna an ecologically representative zooplankton species in toxicity tests? Environ. Pollut. 90, 263-267. open in new tab
  106. Kokkali, V., Van Delft, W., 2014. Overview of commercially available bioassays for assessing chemical toxicity in aqueous samples. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 61, 133-155. open in new tab
  107. Kuczyńska, A., Wolska, L., Namieśnik, J., 2004. Biotesty -Nowe Podejście W Analityce Zanieczyszczeń Środowiska. In: Biziuk, M., Kozłowska, K., Kuczyńska, A., Namieśnik, J., Polkowska, Ż., Szczepaniak, K., et al. (Eds.), Bioanalityka W Ocenie zanieczyszczeń środowiska (Collective Work Edited by Wardencki W). Centrum doskonałości Analityki i Monitoringu Środowiska (CEEAM), Gdańsk, pp. 39-62.
  108. Kudłak, B., Namieśnik, J., 2008. Environmental fate of endocrine disrupting compounds-analytical problems and challenges. Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 38, 242-258. open in new tab
  109. Kudłak, B., Rogowska, J., Wolska, L., Kałas, M., Łęczyński, L., J., N., 2012. Toxicity assessment of sediments associated with the wreck of s/s Stuttgart in the Gulf of Gdańsk (Poland). J. Environ. Monit. 14, 1231-1236. open in new tab
  110. Kudłak, B., Wolska, L., Namieśnik, J., 2011. Determination of EC50 toxicity data of selected heavy metals toward Heterocypris incongruens and their comparison to "direct-con- tact" and microbiotests. Environ. Monit. Assess. 174, 509-516. open in new tab
  111. Kwasniewska, J., Nałęcz-Jawecki, G., Skrzypczak, A., Płaza, G.A., Matejczyk, M., 2012. An assessment of the genotoxic effects of landfill leachates using bacterial and plant tests. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 75, 55-62. open in new tab
  112. Leme, D.M., Marin-Morales, M.A., 2009. Allium cepa test in environmental monitoring: a review on its application. Mutat. Res. Rev. Mutat. Res. 682, 71-81. open in new tab
  113. Lemna test, duckweed growth inhibition tests and standardization. http://www. lemnatec.com/Literatur/LT011.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  114. Levan, A., 1938. The effect of colchicine on root mitoses in Allium. Hereditas 24, 471-486. open in new tab
  115. Li, Y., Jiang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, P., Zhang, Q., 2008. Concentrations, profiles and gas- particle partitioning of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PBDEs in the ambient air of an E-waste dis- mantling area, southeast China. Chin. Sci. Bull. 53, 521-528. open in new tab
  116. Lohmann, R., Breivik, K., Dachs, J., Muir, D., 2007. Global fate of POPs: current and future research directions. Environ. Pollut. 150, 150-165. open in new tab
  117. LumiMARA toxicity test kits. http://www.ncimb.com/DefaultInfo.aspx?Page=mara% 20toxicity%20test%20kits (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  118. Luo, Y., Guo, W., Ngo, H.H., Nghiem, L.D., Hai, F.I., Zhang, J., Shuang, L., Wang, X.C., 2014. A review on the occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment and their fate and removal during wastewater treatment. Sci. Total Environ. 473, 619-641. open in new tab
  119. MARINE ALGALTOXKIT test ,MARINE ALGALTOXKIT marine toxicity test with microalgae. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Marine%20Algaltoxkit%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015).
  120. Martins, J., Teles, L.O., Vasconcelos, V., 2007. Assays with Daphnia magna and Danio rerio as alert systems in aquatic toxicology. Environ. Int. 33, 414-425. open in new tab
  121. Marugán, J., Bru, D., Pablos, C., Catalá, M., 2012. Comparative evaluation of acute toxicity by Vibrio fischeri and fern spore based bioassays in the follow-up of toxic chemicals degradation by photocatalysis. J. Hazard. Mater. 213, 117-122. open in new tab
  122. McCann, J., Ames, B.N., 1976. Detection of carcinogens as mutagens in the Salmonella/mi- crosome test: assay of 300 chemicals: discussion. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 73, 950-954. open in new tab
  123. McCune, B., Dey, J.P., Peck, J.L.E., Cassell, D., Heiman, K., Will-Wolf, S., et al., 1997. Repeat- ability of community data: species richness versus gradient scores in large-scale li- chen studies. Bryologist 100, 40-46. open in new tab
  124. Mehlman, M.A., 1992. Dangerous and cancer-causing properties of products and chemicals in the oil refining and petrochemical industry. VIII. Health effects of motor fuels: carcinogenicity of gasoline-scientific update. Environ. Res. 59, 238-249. open in new tab
  125. MICROTOX test, Microtox acute toxicity test. http://www.coastalbio.com/images/Acute_ Overview.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  126. Miller, B., Pötter-Locher, F., Seelbach, A., Stopper, H., Utesch, D., Madle, S., 1998. Evaluation of the in vitro micronucleus test as an alternative to the in vitro chromosomal aber- ration assay: position of the GUM working group on the in vitro micronucleus test. Mutat. Res. Rev. Mutat. Res. 410, 81-116. open in new tab
  127. MINI AMES test (TA98/TA100). http://www.cyprotex.com/toxicology/genotoxicity/ amestest (accessed 12.2015).
  128. Módenes, A.N., Espinoza-Quińones, F.R., Borba, F.H., Manenti, R.D., 2012. Performance evaluation of an integrated photo-Fenton -electrocoagulation, process applied to pollutant removal from tannery effluent in batch system. Chem. Eng. J. 197, 1-9. open in new tab
  129. Mrema, E.J., Rubino, F.M., Brambilla, G., Moretto, A., Tsatsakis, A.M., Colosio, C., 2013. Per- sistent organochlorinated pesticides and mechanisms of their toxicity. Toxicology 307, 74-88. open in new tab
  130. Murk, A.J., Legler, J., Denison, M.S., Giesy, J.P., Van de Guchte, C., Brouwer, A., 1996. Chemical- activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX): a novel in vitro bioassay for Ah receptor active compounds in sediments and pore water. Toxicol. Sci. 33, 149-160. MUTATOX® test. http://www.tigret.eu/tigret/images/stories/produkty/ ToksSrodowiskowa/mutatox.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  131. Nadal, M., Schuhmacher, M., Domingo, J.L., 2004. Metal pollution of soils and vegetation in an area with petrochemical industry. Sci. Total Environ. 321, 59-69. open in new tab
  132. OCDE, 2012a. Test no. 305: bioaccumulation in fish: aqueous and dietary exposure, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 3, degradation and accumulation. [From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9712191e.pdf?expires= 1454325136&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= 98F9281BD21C9B47C08D2C95EF990E98 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  133. Oda, Y., Nakamura, S.I., Oki, I., Kato, T., Shinagawa, H., 1985. Evaluation of the new system (umu-test) for the detection of environmental mutagens and carcinogens. Mutat. Res. Environ. Mutagen. Relat. Subj. 147, 219-229. open in new tab
  134. OECD, 1984. Test no. 207: earthworm, acute toxicity tests. OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. [From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary. org/docserver/download/9720701e.pdf?expires=1454323730&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=B6AB627731D6D1CA60F369B696D6CD36 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  135. OECD, 1992a. Test no. 203: fish, acute toxicity test. OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. [From http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/ docserver/download/9720301e.pdf?expires=1454324304&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=8D356A11C49097FBD993A6688C89C6CD ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  136. OECD, 1992b. Test no. 210: fish, early-life stage toxicity test, OECD guidelines for the test- ing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. [From http://www.oecd- ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9713191e.pdf?expires=1454324804&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=AC6859072B9F36C410E1F18B647FD071 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  137. OECD, 1997. Test no. 471: bacterial reverse mutation test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. 1997. (From: http://www.oecdlibrary.org/ docserver/download/9747101e.pdf?expires=1454319265&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=AEAADA3797D8D1454337A8127ED465C2 ](accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  138. OECD, 1998a. Test no. 212: fish, short-term toxicity test on embryo and sac-fry stages, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9721201e.pdf?expires= 1454324899&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= D79B1FC3846C72AE8DCC48BABCF73E9C ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  139. OECD, 1998b. No. 213: honeybees, acute oral toxicity test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary. org/docserver/download/9721301e.pdf?expires=1454330991&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=AB392564ECDF350F3A91230C077B334D ] accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  140. OECD, 1998c. Test no. 214: honeybees, acute contact toxicity test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd- ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9721401e.pdf?expires=1454330905&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=CCF88FD41FA7DCD278D0D3940BA8C328 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  141. OECD, 2000a. No. 215: fish, juvenile growth test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary. org/docserver/download/9721501e.pdf?expires=1454325030&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=6E89A77D8E917868D831BA159056DF07 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  142. OECD, 2004a. Test no. 222: earthworm reproduction test (Eisenia fetida/Eisenia andrei). OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9722201e.pdf?expires= 1454323898&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= 3F91EDFF92D4C7A32E80372AF234C04B ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  143. OECD, 2004b. Test no. 202: Daphnia sp. acute immobilisation test, OECD guidelines for the test- ing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary. org/docserver/download/9720201e.pdf?expires=1454327034&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=B1FAB89B4A6D342AF82330F0F9932CA6 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  144. OECD, 2004c. Test no. 218: sediment-water Chironomid toxicity using spiked sediment, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9721801e.pdf?expires= 1454328715&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= 54CF325171BA09020A124823863EFA2B ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  145. OECD, 2006a. Test no. 208: terrestrial plant test: seedling emergence and seedling growth test, OECD guideline for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9720801e.pdf?expires= 1454322047&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= 51155F9B208FBFF43575B204906B4352 ] (accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  146. OECD, 2006b. Test no. 227: terrestrial plant test: vegetative vigour test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From http://www. oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9722701e.pdf?expires=1454322162&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=3641D555C761CE25065A8947C114920D ] (accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  147. OECD, 2006c. Test no. 221: Lemna sp. growth inhibition test, OECD guidelines for the test- ing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd- ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9722101e.pdf?expires=1454322237&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=067F298A3315E90224340866D458205D ] accessed on 12.2015). open in new tab
  148. OECD, 2011. Test no. 201: freshwater alga and cyanobacteria, growth inhibition test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9720101e.pdf?expires= 1454322539&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= 9E640961523DAB6792D51C81817F6337 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  149. OECD, 2012b. Test no. 211: Daphnia magna reproduction test, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 2, effects on biotic systems. (From: http://www.oecd- ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9712171e.pdf?expires=1454327457&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=6E2069B9725D9DA30395E2A174C52759 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  150. OECD, 2014a. Test no. 489: in vivo mammalian alkaline comet assay, OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. (From: http://www.oecd-ilibrary. org/docserver/download/9714511e.pdf?expires=1454515917&id=id&accname= guest&checksum=1E0F4BC925D66B69FF4E3D16D023BBA5 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  151. OECD, 2014b. Test no. 473: in vitro mammalian chromosomal aberration test OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. (From: http:// www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9714531e.pdf?expires= 1454516464&id=id&accname=guest&checksum= CA1FCAC15F231C158F7ECD940E727ACF ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  152. OECD, 2014c. Test no. 475: mammalian bone marrow chromosomal aberration test OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. (From: http://www. oecd-ilibrary.org/test-no-475-mammalian-bone-marrow-chromosomal-aberration- test_5jxwv1qn3df7.pdf?contentType=%2fns%2fOECDBook%2c%2fns% 2fBook&itemId=%2fcontent%2fbook%2f9789264224407-en&mimeType= application%2fpdf&containerItemId=%2fcontent%2fserial% 2f20745788&accessItemIds=%2c%2fcontent%2fbook%2f9789264071308-en% 2fcontent%2fbook%2f9789264071308-en%2c ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  153. OECD, 2014d. Test no. 431: in vitro skin corrosion: human skin model test OECD guide- lines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. (From: http://www. oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9715271e.pdf?expires=1454528267&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=F57307A0BD222F743AF0202E1A85B75D ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  154. OECD, 2014e. Test no. 474: mammalian erythrocyte micronucleus test OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. (From: http://www.oecd- ilibrary.org/docserver/download/9714541e.pdf?expires=1454528156&id= id&accname=guest&checksum=9E6ED68A316832FDF19D4BEA0D391534 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  155. OECD, 2015. Test no. 483: mammalian spermatogonial chromosomal aberration OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals, section 4, health effects. [From: http:// www.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/test-no-483-mammalian-spermatogonial- chromosome-aberration-test_9789264071469-en;jsessionid=129dp45h8epda.x- oecd-live-03 ] (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  156. Oke, T.R., 2002. Boundary Layer Climates. Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, Oxford. OSTRACODTOXKIT test, OSTRACODTOXKIT F "direct contact" toxicity test for freshwater sediments. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Ostracodtoxkit%20F%20SOP%20-% 20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015).
  157. Paoletti, M.G., 1999. The role of earthworms for assessment of sustainability and as bioindicator. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 74, 137-155. open in new tab
  158. Park, J.H., Choppala, G.K., Bolan, N.S., Chung, J.W., Chuasavathi, T., 2011. Biochar reduces the bioavailability and phytotoxicity of heavy metals. Plant Soil 348, 439-451. open in new tab
  159. Pasteris, A., Vecchi, M., Reynoldson, T.B., Bonomi, G., 2003. Toxicity of copper-spiked sediments to Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae): a comparison of the 28- day reproductive bioassay with a 6-month cohort experiment. Aquat. Toxicol. 65, 253-265. open in new tab
  160. PHYTOTOXKIT test, PHYTOTOXKIT seed germination and early growth microbiotest with higher plants. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Phytotoxkit%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  161. Płaza, G., Nałęcz-Jawecki, G., Ulfig, K., Brigmon, R.L., 2005. The application of bioassays as indicators of petroleum-contaminated soil remediation. Chemosphere 59, 289-296. open in new tab
  162. Pokhrel, L.R., Silva, T., Dubey, B., El Badawy, A.M., Tolaymat, T.M., Scheuerman, P.R., 2012. Rapid screening of aquatic toxicity of several metal-based nanoparticles using the MetPLATE™ bioassay. Sci. Total Environ. 426, 414-422. open in new tab
  163. PROTOXKIT test, PROTOXKIT F freshwater toxicity test with a ciliate protozoan. http:// www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Protoxkit%20F%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  164. Quillardet, P., Hofnung, M., 1993. The SOS chromotest: a review. Mutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. 297, 235-279. open in new tab
  165. Quillardet, P., Hofnung, M., 1985. The SOS chromotest, a colorimetric bacterial assay for genotoxins: procedures. Mutat. Res. Environ. Mutagen. Relat. Subj. 147, 65-78. open in new tab
  166. Rainio, J., Niemelä, J., 2003. Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as bioindicators. Biodivers. Conserv. 12, 487-506. open in new tab
  167. Rajaram, T., Das, A., 2008. Water pollution by industrial effluents in India: discharge sce- narios and case for participatory ecosystem specific local regulation. Futures 40, 56-69. open in new tab
  168. RAPIDTOXKIT test, RAPIDTOXKIT microbiotest for rapid detection of water contamina- tion. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Rapidtoxkit%20F%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  169. Ren, S., Frymier, P.D., 2003. Use of multidimensional scaling in the selection of wastewater toxicity test battery components. Water Res. 37, 1655-1661. open in new tab
  170. Repetto, G., 2013. Test batteries in ecotoxicology. In: Férard, J.F., Blaise, C. (Eds.), Encyclo- pedia of Aquatic Ecotoxicology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 1105-1128. open in new tab
  171. Resende, F.A., Vilegas, W., Dos Santos, L.C., Varanda, E.A., 2012. Mutagenicity of flavonoids assayed by bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) test. Molecules 17, 5255-5268. open in new tab
  172. Reynoldson, T.B., Thompson, S.P., Bamsey, J.L., 1991. A sediment bioassay using the tubi- ficid oligochaete worm Tubifex tubifex. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 10, 1061-1072. open in new tab
  173. Rice, C.P., O'Keefe, P.W., Kubiak, T.J., 2003. Sources, pathways, and effects of PCBs, dioxins, and dibenzofurans. In: Hoffman, D.J., Rattner, B.A., Burton Jr., G.A., Cairns Jr., J. (Eds.), Handbook of Ecotoxicology, second ed. CRC Press LLC, Florida, pp. 502-551. open in new tab
  174. ROTOXKIT CHRONIC test, ROTOXKIT F CHRONIC chronic toxicity test for freshwater. http://www.microbiotests.be/SOPs/Rotoxkit%20F%20chronic%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015).
  175. ROTOXKIT, ROTOXKIT F rotifer toxicity screening test for freshwater. http://www. microbiotests.be/SOPs/Rotoxkit%20F%20acute%20SOP%20-%20A5.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  176. Salice, C.J., Rowe, C.L., Eisenreich, K.M., 2014. Integrative demographic modeling reveals population level impacts of PCB toxicity to juvenile snapping turtles. Environ. Pollut. 184, 154-160. open in new tab
  177. Sanfilippo, K., Pinto, B., Colombini, M.P., Bartolucci, U., Reali, D., 2010. Determination of trace endocrine disruptors in ultrapure water for laboratory use by the yeast estrogen screen (YES) and chemical analysis (GC/MS). J. Chromatogr. B 878, 1190-1194. open in new tab
  178. Santos, M.J.G., Ferreira, M.F.L., Cachada, A., Duarte, A.C., Sousa, J.P., 2012. Pesticide applica- tion to agricultural fields: effects on the reproduction and avoidance behaviour of Folsomia candida and Eisenia Andrei. Ecotoxicology 21, 2113-2122. open in new tab
  179. Schmelz, E.A., Alborn, H.T., Tumlinson, J.H., 2001. The influence of intact-plant and excised-leaf bioassay designs on volicitin-and jasmonic acid-induced sesquiterpene volatile release in Zea mays. Planta 214, 171-179. open in new tab
  180. Schmid, W., 1975. The micronucleus test. Mutat. Res. Environ. Mutagen. Relat. Subj. 31, 9-15. open in new tab
  181. Sesardic, T., 2012. Bioassays for evaluation of medical products derived from bacterial toxins. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 15, 310-316. open in new tab
  182. SIS, 1995. SS 02-82-13, SIS. Water Quality -Determination of Growth Inhibition (7-d) Lemna minor, Duckweed (in Swedish). open in new tab
  183. Sisenando, H.A., De Medeiros, B., Silvia, R., Saldiva, P.H., Artaxo, P., Hacon, S.S., 2011. Genotoxic potential generated by biomass burning in the Brazilian Legal Amazon by Tradescantia micronucleus bioassay: a toxicity assessment study. Environ. Health 10, 2-9. open in new tab
  184. SOS-Chromo Test™. http://www.ebpi.ca/SOS-ChromoTest%20Final.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  185. Spence, R., Gerlach, G., Lawrence, C., Smith, C., 2008. The behaviour and ecology of the zebrafish, Danio rerio. Biol. Rev. 83, 13-34. open in new tab
  186. Stefani, F., Rusconi, M., Valsecchi, S., Marziali, L., 2014. Evolutionary ecotoxicology of perfluoralkyl substances (PFASs) inferred from multigenerational exposure: a case study with Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae). Aquat. Toxicol. 156, 41-51. open in new tab
  187. Streets, S.S., Henderson, S.A., Stoner, A.D., Carlson, D.L., Simcik, M.F., Swackhamer, D.L., 2006. Partitioning and bioaccumulation of PBDEs and PCBs in Lake Michigan. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40, 7263-7269. open in new tab
  188. Tang, J.Y.M., Glenn, E., Thoen, H., Escher, B.I., 2012. In vitro bioassay for reactive toxicity towards proteins implemented for water quality monitoring. J. Environ. Monit. 14, 1073-1081. open in new tab
  189. Thompson, H.M., Fryday, S.L., Harkin, S., Milner, S., 2014. Potential impacts of synergism in honeybees (Apis mellifera) of exposure to neonicotinoids and sprayed fungicides in crops. Apidologie 45, 545-553. open in new tab
  190. Tice, R.R., Agurell, E., Anderson, D., Burlinson, B., Hartmann, A., Kobayashi, H., et al., 2000. Single cell gel/comet assay: guidelines for in vitro and in vivo genetic toxicology test- ing. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 35, 206-221. open in new tab
  191. Tominaga, H., Ishiyama, M., Ohseto, F., Sasamoto, K., Hamamoto, T., Suzuki, K., Watanabe, M., 1999. A water-soluble tetrazolium salt useful for colorimetric cell viability assay. Anal. Commun. 36, 47-50. open in new tab
  192. Traczewska, T.M., 2011. Biologiczne metody oceny skażenia środowiska. Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław.
  193. Tubaro, A., Florio, C., Luxich, E., Vertua, R., Yasumoto, T., 1996. Suitability of the MTT-based cytotoxicity assay to detect okadaic acid contamination of mussels. Toxicon 34, 965-974. open in new tab
  194. UmuC Easy AQ/CS, rapid mutagenicity testing by xenometrix. http://www.aniara.com/ pdf/literature/ICT-ANIARA-umuc-easy-rapid-mut-testing.pdf (accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  195. UMU-chromo test™. http://www.ebpi.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view= article&id=90&Itemid=79 (accessed 12.2015).
  196. US-EPA, 2014. Environmental Protection Agency. Method 4435: screening for dioxin-like chemical activity in soils and sediments using the Calux® bioassay and TEQ determi- nations. Test methods for evaluating solid waste, physical/chemical methods (SW- 846). (From: http://www3.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/sw846/pdfs/ 4435.pdf ] accessed on 12.2015).
  197. US-EPA, 1989. EPA 600/3-88/029; 1989. (Protocols for Short Term Toxicity Screening of Hazardous Waste Sites).
  198. US-EPA, 1993. EPA 600/4-90-027F. Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater and marine organisms, fourth ed., C. I. Weber. [http://www3.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/atx.pdf] (accessed 12.2015).
  199. US-EPA, 1996. OCSPP 850.4400. Aquatic Plant Toxicity Using Lemna spp., Ecological Effects Test Guidelines.
  200. US-EPA, 2000. EPA 600/R-99-064. Methods for Measuring the Toxicity and Bioaccumula- tion of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates. second ed. (http://archive.epa.gov/water/archive/polwaste/web.old/pdf/freshmanual.pdf] accessed 12.2015). open in new tab
  201. Vandenberg, L.N., Hauser, R., Marcus, M., Olea, N., Welshons, W.V., 2007. Human exposure to bisphenol a (BPA). Reprod. Toxicol. 24, 139-177. open in new tab
  202. Vichai, V., Kirtikara, K., 2006. Sulforhodamine B colorimetric assay for cytotoxicity screen- ing. Nat. Protoc. 1, 1112-1116. open in new tab
  203. Vilar, V.J., Rocha, E.M., Mota, F.S., Fonseca, A., Saraiva, I., Boaventura, R.A., 2011. Treatment of a sanitary landfill leachate using combined solar photo-Fenton and biological immobilized biomass reactor at a pilot scale. Water Res. 45, 2647-2658. open in new tab
  204. Walker, K., Vallero, D.A., Lewis, R.G., 1999. Factors influencing the distribution of lindane and other hexachlorocyclohexanes in the environment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33, 4373-4377. open in new tab
  205. Wang, Y., Cang, T., Zhao, X., Yu, R., Chen, L., Wu, C., Wang, Q., 2012. Comparative acute tox- icity of twenty-four insecticides to earthworm Eisenia fetida. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 79, 122-128. open in new tab
  206. Wardencki, W., 2004. Ogólna Charakterystyka Metod Biologicznych Wykorzystywanych W Ocenie zanieczyszczeń środowiska. In: Biziuk, M., Kozłowska, K., Kuczyńska, A., Namieśnik, J., Polkowska, Ż., Szczepaniak, K., et al. (Eds.), Bioanalityka W Ocenie zanieczyszczeń środowiska (Collective Work Edited by Wardencki W). Centrum doskonałości Analityki i Monitoringu Środowiska (CEEAM), Gdańsk, pp. 7-12.
  207. Wieczerzak, M., Kudłak, B., Namieśnik, J., 2015. Environmentally oriented models and methods for the evaluation of the drug × drug interaction's effects. Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 45, 131-155. open in new tab
  208. Wink, D.A., Kasprzak, K.S., Maragos, C.M., Elespuru, R.K., Misra, M.P., Dunams, T.M., et al., 1991. DNA delaminating ability and genotoxicity of nitric oxide and its progenitors. Science 254, 1001-1003. open in new tab
  209. Wiseman, S.B., Wan, Y., Chang, H., Zhang, X., Hecker, M., Jones, P.D., et al., 2011. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and their hydroxylated/methoxylated analogs: envi- ronmental sources, metabolic relationships and relative toxicities. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 63, 179-188. open in new tab
  210. XenoScreen YES/YAS, XenoScreen YES/YAS XL. http://www.xenometrix.ch/en/products/ details/endocrine-disruptor-assays.html (accessed 12.2015).
  211. Žegura, B., Heath, E., Černoša, A., Filipič, M., 2009. Combination of in vitro bioassays for the determination of cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of wastewater, surface water and drinking water samples. Chemosphere 75, 1453-1460. open in new tab
  212. Zenker, A., Cicero, M.R., Prestinaci, F., Bottoni, P., Carere, M., 2014. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification potential of pharmaceuticals with a focus to the aquatic environ- ment. J. Environ. Manag. 133, 378-387. open in new tab
  213. Zimmerman, J.R., Ghosh, U., Millward, R.N., Bridges, T.S., Luthy, R.G., 2004. Addition of car- bon sorbents to reduce PCB and PAH bioavailability in marine sediments: physico- chemical tests. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38 (20), 5458-5464. open in new tab
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 48 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags