Characterization of diatomaceous earth coated with nitrated asphaltenes as superior adsorbent for removal of VOCs from gas phase in fixed bed column - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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Characterization of diatomaceous earth coated with nitrated asphaltenes as superior adsorbent for removal of VOCs from gas phase in fixed bed column

Abstract

Asphaltenes isolated from bitumen possess unusual adsorption characteristics that can be further enhanced by chemical modifications to promote interactions with VOCs’. Herein, nitrated asphaltenes are used as an active layer coated on a surface of a diatomaceous earth, in order to prepare an efficient adsorbent (AsfNitro). Breakthrough experiments with benzene, pyridine, and 1-nitropropane revealed significant increase in adsorption capacity, after deposition of nitrated asphaltenes, by 26, 12, and 8 times respectively. The adsorption capacity of AsfNitro for benzene per square meter of surface area is far more superior than for other adsorbents in use. Moreover, the AsfNitro exhibited excellent efficiency. For adsorption of 1-nitropropane and pyridine, almost 100% of the adsorbent’s bed was effectively used. Inverse gas chromatography measurements proved that nitrated asphaltenes were exclusively responsible for the adsorption properties, and the role of the diatomaceous earth was only to provide the surface area. Presented findings can be extended to other support materials and their inherent limitations for adsorption of VOCs can be overcome. Comparison of adsorption enthalpies demonstrated that common adsorbents e.g. activated carbons, cannot compete with AsfNitro in terms of sorbate-sorbent interactions. Additionally, contribution of chemisorption mechanism was recognized for AsfNitro, which indicate catalytic properties, and opens a new research field about asphaltenes’ novel practical applications. Application of asphaltenes in adsorption processes can be an effective procedure for risk mitigation of hazardous VOCs, accompanied by effective waste management and materials’ valorisation. Wasted adsorbent can be easily regenerated (without deterioration of surface properties), or blended in bitumen-aggregates mixes for road paving applications.

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Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL no. 427,
ISSN: 1385-8947
Language:
English
Publication year:
2022
Bibliographic description:
Plata-Gryl M., Momotko M., Makowiec S., Boczkaj G.: Characterization of diatomaceous earth coated with nitrated asphaltenes as superior adsorbent for removal of VOCs from gas phase in fixed bed column// CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL -Vol. 427, (2022), s.130653-
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.cej.2021.130653
Sources of funding:
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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