Competencies of graduates as future labour market participants – preliminary study - Publication - Bridge of Knowledge


Competencies of graduates as future labour market participants – preliminary study


The aim of article is to examine and compare the views of employers and future employees on the desirable competencies of the potential labour market participants. The applied research method is a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods – interviews conducted among recruiters (representing potential employers) and a survey of university graduates (future employees). The study shows that both the Polish graduates and the employers identify the deficits of professional competencies. The differences of opinions were related to their assessment of generic competencies, the deficits of which were pointed to by the interviewed recruiters, who described them at the same time as fundamental to obtaining the employment. Meanwhile, the graduates assessed their generic competencies as the highest. According to the recruiters, the future employees lack also practical experience. On the other hand, the employers believe that the graduates are not prepared to using the possessed theoretical knowledge in practice. It should be noted, however, that employers perceive a great potential for the development of graduate competencies, which, together with acquiring practical experience, will probably lead to the narrowing of the competence gap.


  • 1 4


  • 0

    Web of Science

  • 1 7


Cite as

Full text

download paper
downloaded 40 times
Publication version
Accepted or Published Version
Creative Commons: CC-BY open in new tab



artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja no. 33, pages 1095 - 1107,
ISSN: 1331-677X
Publication year:
Bibliographic description:
Gawrycka M., Kujawska J., Tomczak M. T.: Competencies of graduates as future labour market participants – preliminary study// Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja -Vol. 33,iss. 1 (2020), s.1095-1107
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1080/1331677x.2019.1631200
Bibliography: test
  1. Allen, J., & van Der Velden R. (Eds.). (2009). Competencies and early labour market careers of higher education graduates. Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences. open in new tab
  2. Cheong, K.-C., Hill, C., Fernandez-Chung, R., & Leong, Y.-C. (2015). Employing the 'unemployable': Employer perceptions of Malaysian graduates. Studies in Higher Education, 41, 2253-2270. doi:10.1080/03075079.2015.1034260 open in new tab
  3. Czarnik, S., & Kasparek, K. (2015). Segregacja płciowa na polskim rynku pracy. In J. G orniak (Ed.), (Nie)wykorzystany potencjał. Szanse i bariery na polskim rynku pracy (pp. 39-58). Warszawa: PARP.
  4. Filipowicz, G. (2004). Zarządzanie kompetencjami zawodowymi. Warszawa: PWE.
  5. Gajderowicz, T., Grotkowska, G., & Wincenciak, L. (2013). Rola systemu edukacji w dostarcza- niu kwalifikacji poszukiwanych przez pracodawc ow: Analiza przypadku wojew odztwa pomorskiego. Edukacja, 2(122), 5-19. Retrieved from
  6. Grosemans, I., Coertjens, L., & Kyndt, E. (2017). Exploring learning and fit in the transition from higher education to the labour market: A systematic review. Educational Research Review, 21, 67-84. open in new tab
  7. Gupta, O., & Roos, G. (2001). Mergers and acquisitions through an intellectual capital perspec- tive. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 2(3), 297-309. open in new tab
  8. Hall, R. (2010). The work-study relationship: Experiences of full-time university students undertaking part-time employment. Journal of Education and Work, 23(5), 439-449. doi:10. 1080/13639080.2010.515969 open in new tab
  9. Heijke, H., Meng, C., & Ris, C. (2003). Fitting to the job: The role of generic and vocational competencies in adjustment and performance. Labour Economics, 10(2), 215-229. http://dx. open in new tab
  10. Ionescu, A. M., & Cuza, A. I. (2012). How does education affect labour market outcomes? Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, 4(2), 130-144. open in new tab
  11. Kottmann, A., & de Weert, E. (2013). Higher education and the labour market, international policy frameworks for regulating graduate employability. Retrieved from http://doc.utwente. nl/88807/1/higher-education-and-the-labour-market.pdf open in new tab
  12. Kvale, S. (2010). Prowadzenie wywiad ow. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  13. Kyndt, E., & Baert, H. (2015). Entrepreneurial competencies: Assessment and predictive value for entrepreneurship. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 90, 13-25. open in new tab
  14. Lau, H.-H., Hsu, H.-Y., Acosta, S. & Hsu, T.-L. (2013). Impact of participation in extra-curricular activities during college on graduate employability: An empirical study of graduates of Taiwanese business schools. Educational Studies, 40, 26-47. doi:10.1080/03055698.2013.830244 open in new tab
  15. Leoni, R. (2014). Graduate employability and the development of competencies. The incom- plete reform of the "Bologna process". International Journal of Manpower, 35(4), 448-469. open in new tab
  16. Male, S. (2010). Generic engineering competencies: A review and modelling approach. Education Research and Perspectives, 37(1), 25-51. open in new tab
  17. Miller, T. L., Wesley, C. L., & Williams, D. E. (2012). Educating the minds of caring hearts: Comparing the views of practitioners and educators on the importance of social entrepre- neurship competencies. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(3), 349-370. open in new tab
  18. Mitchelmore, S., & Rowley, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial competencies: A literature review and development agenda. Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 16(2), 92-111. open in new tab
  19. Morris, M. H., Webb, J. W., Fu, J., & Singhal, S. (2013). A competency-based perspective on entrepreneurship education: Conceptual and empirical insights. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(3), 352-369. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12023 open in new tab
  20. Nicolescu, L., & P[acaron]un, C. (2009). Relating higher education with the labour market: Graduates' expectations and employers' requirements. Tertiary Education and Management, 15(1), 17-33. doi:10.1080/13583880802700024 open in new tab
  21. Pabian, P., Sima, K., & Kyn cilov a, L. (2011). Humboldt goes to the labour market: How aca- demic higher education fuels labour market success in the Czech Republic. Journal of Education and Work, 24, 95-118. doi:10.1080/13639080.2010.534443 open in new tab
  22. Pukelis, K., & Pilei cikien_ e, N. (2012). Matching of developed generic competencies of graduates in higher education with labour market needs. The Quality of Higher Education, 9, 140-167. open in new tab
  23. Smith, B., & Morse, E. (2005). Entrepreneurial competencies: Literature review and best practi- ces. Ottawa: Small Business Policy Branch, Industry Canada. open in new tab
  24. Smith, E., & Patton, W. (2013). Part-time working by students: Is it a policy issue, and for whom? Journal of Education and Work, 26(1), 48-76. doi:10.1080/13639080.2011.623123 open in new tab
  25. Szreder, M. (2004). Metody i techniki sonda_ zowych bada n opinii. Warszawa. Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne.
  26. Strijbos, J., Engels, N., & Struyven, K. (2015). Criteria and standards of generic competences at bachelor degree level: A review study. Educational Research Review, 14, 18-32. open in new tab
  27. Vu ceti c, A. S. (2018). Differences in perception of the importance of generic competencies among destination regions. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istra zivanja, 31(1), 1240-1257.
  28. Young, J., & Chapman, E. (2010). Generic competency frameworks: A brief historical overview. Education Research and Perspectives, 37, 1-24. open in new tab
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 224 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags