Cost-Efficient Globalized Parameter Optimization of Microwave Components through Response-Feature Surrogates and Nature-Inspired Metaheuristics - Publication - Bridge of Knowledge

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Cost-Efficient Globalized Parameter Optimization of Microwave Components through Response-Feature Surrogates and Nature-Inspired Metaheuristics

Abstract

Design of contemporary microwave devices predominantly utilizes computational models, including both circuit simulators, and full-wave electromagnetic (EM) evaluation. The latter constitutes the sole generic way of rendering accurate assessment of the system outputs that considers phenomena such as cross-coupling or radiation and dielectric losses. Consequently, for reliability reasons, the final tuning of microwave device parameters is commonly performed utilizing EM simulation software. As EM analysis is computationally heavy, parametric optimization entails significant costs, also for local algorithms. The expenses generated by global search procedures are incomparably higher, and often prohibitive. Still, global optimization is more and more often necessary, for example, when re-designing a structure over extended ranges of operating conditions (bandwidth, power split ratios, etc.), when more than a single local optimum exists (e.g., optimization of frequency selective surfaces), or simply due to the absence of quality initial design (e.g., compact circuits obtained using the slow-wave phenomenon). A possible workaround is surrogate-assisted optimization, yet a construction of accurate replacement models is a challenge by itself. This paper offers an innovative approach to a rapid globalized optimization of passive microwave components. It combines a machine learning procedure, specifically, an iterative construction and refinement of fast surrogates (with infill criterion being a minimization of the predictor-yielded objective improvement) with a response feature technology, where the metamodel targets suitably appointed characteristic points of the circuit outputs. These so-called response features are in a nearly linear relationship with the geometry parameters, which facilitates the search process and reduces the expenditures associated with surrogate model construction. Identification of the infill points is executed using a particle swarm optimization algorithm. Numerical experiments carried out using two microstrip circuits demonstrate the capability for a global search of the proposed algorithm, and its superior performance over direct nature-inspired-based optimization and surrogate-assisted search at the level of complete circuit characteristics.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
IEEE Access no. 12, pages 79051 - 79065,
ISSN: 2169-3536
Language:
English
Publication year:
2024
Bibliographic description:
Pietrenko-Dąbrowska A., Kozieł S., Gołuński Ł.: Cost-Efficient Globalized Parameter Optimization of Microwave Components through Response-Feature Surrogates and Nature-Inspired Metaheuristics// IEEE Access -Vol. 12, (2024), s.79051-79065
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1109/access.2024.3407978
Sources of funding:
  • COST_FREE
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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