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Developing students' spatial skills and teaching the history of architecture through structural drawing

Abstract

The method of “structural drawing" is used in teaching history of architecture in the Architectural Faculty of Gdańsk University of Technology. It is addressed to students of the first semester of study – so to the architectural beginners. There are three main goals of the structural drawing method used in that educational course: (1) developing the students’ spatial skills; (2) training architectural drawing ability; (3) teaching the history of architecture. The method of structural drawing is based on creating the axonometric and the orthogonal views of the historic architectural objects, important to the outline of architecture. Every exercise lasts 1,5 hour, during which every student is creating a hand-drawing spatial study of one given object. The process of drawing is performed in a “structural” way, which means that all phases of its construction are visible and the very object is presented spatially as if it was transparent. Those are the main rules of “structural drawing”. The first part of the exercise – mostly the axonometric projection - is commented and guided by the teacher. During it the students are doing the drawings simultaneously to the drawing performed by the teacher on the table. The second part of the exercise is done by every student on his own, without the teacher’s guidance. It concerns the structural drawing of a chosen orthogonal view of the object or a chosen architectural detail.

Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education no. 18, pages 12 - 17,
ISSN: 1446-2257
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Sołtysik M.: Developing students' spatial skills and teaching the history of architecture through structural drawing// World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education -Vol. 18,iss. 1 (2020), s.12-17
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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