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Dynamic Bankruptcy Prediction Models for European Enterprises

Abstract

This manuscript is devoted to the issue of forecasting corporate bankruptcy. Determining a firm’s bankruptcy risk is one of the most interesting topics for investors and decision-makers. The aim of the paper is to develop and to evaluate dynamic bankruptcy prediction models for European enterprises. To conduct this objective, four forecasting models are developed with the use of four different methods—fuzzy sets, recurrent and multilayer artificial neural network, and decision trees. Such a research approach will answer the question of whether changes in indicators are relevant predictors of a company’s coming financial crisis because declines or increases in values do not immediately indicate that the company’s economic situation is deteriorating. The research relies on two samples of firms—the learning sample of 50 bankrupt and 50 non-bankrupt enterprises and the testing sample of 250 bankrupt and 250 non-bankrupt firms.

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Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Journal of Risk and Financial Management no. 12, pages 1 - 15,
ISSN: 1911-8074
Language:
English
Publication year:
2019
Bibliographic description:
Korol T.: Dynamic Bankruptcy Prediction Models for European Enterprises// Journal of Risk and Financial Management -Vol. 12,iss. 4 (2019), s.1-15
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/jrfm12040185
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  5. If X 1 > 0.015 and X 6 > 0.9 and X 7 > 0.82 and X 8 > 1.05 and DX 1 > 70 and DX 8 <= 85 then 1 open in new tab
  6. If X 1 <= 0.015 and X 6 <= 0.9 and X 7 > 0.82 and X 8 <= 1.05 and DX 1 > 70 and DX 8 <= 85 then 0 open in new tab
  7. If X 1 <= 0.015 and X 6 > 0.9 and X 7 <= 0.82 and X 8 <= 1.05 and DX 1 > 70 and DX 8 <= 85 then 0 open in new tab
  8. If X 1 > 0.015 and X 6 <= 0.9 and X 7 <= 0.82 and X 8 <= 1.05 and DX 1 > 70 and DX 8 <= 85 then 0 open in new tab
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  10. In the last stage of the research, the author estimated the decision trees model. The structure of the model is presented in Figure 8. In this model, the following financial ratios were selected: X2 (liquidity ratio), X1 (profitability ratio), X6 (structural ratio), X9 (structural ratio). As can be seen in this model, none of variables representing the change of value of ratios (dynamics) were selected during estimation process of the model. This means it is the only static model in the proposed research. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12, x FOR PEER REVIEW 11 of 15 open in new tab
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