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Lateral forces determine dimensional accuracy of the narrow‑kerf sawing of wood

Abstract

The shrinking global forest area limits the supply of industrially usable raw resources. This, in combination with the ever‑increasing consumption of timber due to population growth can lead to the lack of a positive balance between the annual volumetric growth and consumption of wood. An important innovation toward increasing environmental and economic sustainability of timber production is to reduce the volume of wood residues by minimizing the sawing kerf. It results in higher material yield but may impact the dimensional accuracy of derived products. Therefore, the cutting tool geometry as well as the sawing process as a whole must be carefully optimized to assure optimal use of resources. The goal of this study is to better understand the causes of machining errors that occur when sawing wood with saws of varying thickness of kerf, with a special focus on re‑sawing thin lamellae performed on the gang saw. Numerical simulations were tested against experimental results, considering influence of diverse components of cutting forces, in addition to the initial and operating stiffness coefficients of the saw blade. It has been demonstrated that asymmetric loads from the cutting process for the scraper saw blade can cause sawing inaccuracies. The simulation methodology developed in this research can be straightforwardly extended towards determination of optimal geometry of other cutting tools, particularly with the reduced sawing kerf. This may lead to more sustainable use of natural resources as well as an increase in economic gain for the wood processing industries.

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Keywords

Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Language:
English
Publication year:
2022
Bibliographic description:
Orlowski K., Chuchala D., Szczepanski M., Migda W., Wojnicz W., Sandak J.: Lateral forces determine dimensional accuracy of the narrow‑kerf sawing of wood// Scientific Reports -,iss. 86 (2022) (2022), s.1-15
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1038/s41598-021-04129-3
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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