Manufacturing and Recycling Impact on Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Innovative Wind Power Plant Part 1/2 - Publication - MOST Wiedzy

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Manufacturing and Recycling Impact on Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Innovative Wind Power Plant Part 1/2

Abstract

Wind power plants are considered as ecologically-clean source of energy. However, manufacturing processes cannot be treated that way. Manufacturing processes consume huge amount of electrical and thermal energy and significant amount of materials, e.g. steel, polymers, oils and lubricants. All of the above could be potentially harmful for environment. There are not many works and publications regarding life-cycle analysis of wind power plants. This study objective is to use LCA to the manufacturing and utilization of a specific drag force driven wind turbine. The discussed innovative wind turbine is of the type which assures safety for prosumer application. Drag force driven turbines become more heavy than other types of lift driven turbines but in the same time their characteristic provides opportunity to use easily recyclable materials instead of materials like plastics or composites. The wider look through LCA tools, may change the perspective of view at that type of wind turbines.. Analyzed turbine has capacity of 15 kW and is located in Poland. LCA was carried out using Eco-indicator 99 method in eleven impact categories. Among all of the turbine components the highest negative impact was noted in the case of the tower. Wind turbine under consideration is characterized by high recycling potential. According to presented research recycling provides around 30% reduction of environmental impact.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Materials no. 14,
ISSN: 1996-1944
Language:
English
Publication year:
2021
Bibliographic description:
Doerffer K., Bałdowska-Witos P., Pysz M., Doerffer P., Tomporowski A.: Manufacturing and Recycling Impact on Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Innovative Wind Power Plant Part 1/2// Materials -Vol. 14,iss. 1 (2021), s.220-
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.3390/ma14010220
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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