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Methods of Assessment of Metal Contamination in Bottom Sediments (Case Study: Straszyn Lake, Poland)

Abstract

The concentrations of six metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr, and Cd) were investigated in bottom sediments of Straszyn Lake (North Poland). This study was designed to determine a total content of metals and to assess their mobility and bioavailability. The sequential extraction was used to fractionate metals into five fractions: exchangeable, bound to carbonates, bound to Fe–Mn oxides, bound to organic matter, and residual. The evaluation of sediments contamination degree by metals was performed by applying the geochemical quality guidelines, the pollution load index, and the geo-accumulation index (Igeo). The assessment based on these methods demonstrated that sediments were polluted with Cr and the sediments quality guidelines confirmed these results. Moreover, the average concentrations of Cu, Ni, and Cr were respectively 3.4, 3.9, and 21.2 times higher than their background values. According to ecological risk index and risk assessment code Cd was the most important factor affecting the ecological environment of the Straszyn Lake. The metal speciation analysis demonstrated that the mean percentage of metals in the exchangeable and carbonate fractions decreased in the following order: Cd (59.1%) > Zn (19.8%) = Ni (19.8%) > Pb (16.6%) > Cu (3.3%) > Cr (2.7%). The very strong correlation calculated between all the metals indicated their common origin.

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Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
ISSN: 0090-4341
Language:
English
Publication year:
2019
Bibliographic description:
Kulbat E., Sokołowska A.: Methods of Assessment of Metal Contamination in Bottom Sediments (Case Study: Straszyn Lake, Poland)// ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY -, (2019), s.-
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1007/s00244-019-00662-5
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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