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Road Infrastructure Safety Management in Poland

Abstract

The objective of road safety infrastructure management is to ensure that when roads are planned, designed, built and used road risks can be identified, assessed and mitigated. Road transport safety is significantly less developed than that of rail, water and air transport. The average individual risk of being a fatality in relation to the distance covered is thirty times higher in road transport that in the other modes. This is mainly because the different modes have a different approach to safety management and to the use of risk management methods and tools. In recent years Poland has had one of the European Union's highest road death numbers. In 2016 there were 3026 fatalities on Polish roads with 40,766 injuries. Protecting road users from the risk of injury and death should be given top priority. While Poland's national and regional road safety programmes address this problem and are instrumental in systematically reducing the number of casualties, the effects are far from the expectations. Modern approaches to safety focus on three integrated elements: infrastructure measures, safety management and safety culture. Due to its complexity, the process of road safety management requires modern tools to help with identifying road user risks, assess and evaluate the safety of road infrastructure and select effective measures to improve road safety. One possible tool for tackling this problem is the risk-based method for road infrastructure safety management. EU Directive 2008/96/EC regulates and proposes a list of tools for managing road infrastructure safety. Road safety tools look at two criteria: the life cycle of a road structure and the process of risk management. Risk can be minimized through the application of the proposed interventions during design process as reasonable. The proposed methods of risk management bring together two stages: risk assessment and risk response occurring within the analyzed road structure (road network, road stretch, road section, junction, etc.). The objective of the methods is to help road authorities to take rational decisions in the area of road safety and road infrastructure safety and understand the consequences occurring in the particular phases of road life cycle

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Details

Category:
Archival
Type:
materiały konferencyjne indeksowane w Web of Science
Published in:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering no. 245, pages 1 - 9,
ISSN: 1757-8981
Title of issue:
World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS) strony 1 - 9
Language:
English
Publication year:
2017
Bibliographic description:
Budzyński M., Jamroz K., Kustra W., Michalski L., Gaca S..: Road Infrastructure Safety Management in Poland, W: World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS), 2017, ,.
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1088/1757-899x/245/4/042066
Verification:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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