Selected anionic and cationic surface active agents determined in river sediments – the Klodnica catchment - Publication - Bridge of Knowledge

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Selected anionic and cationic surface active agents determined in river sediments – the Klodnica catchment

Abstract

Surface active agents (SAAs) are specific compounds that contain hydrophilic/ hydrophobic group in their molecules named as amphiphilic structures. According to charge on the hydrophilic part of surfactants they can be classified into three main groups: anionic, cationic and non-ionic compounds. Due to the amphiphilic structure of SAAs they have specific properties (e.g. ability to adsorption at different surfaces, reduction of tension, formation of micelles) and can be applied in various areas of human activity (housekeeping, different industries). The aim of the research was to determine cationic and anionic surfactants in river bottom sediment samples in the Klodnica River area. Presented research shows that in highly polluted aquatic ecosystems can be detected anionic and cationic surfactants. Their occurrence can have negative effect on living organisms and natural balance in the aquatic environment. Presented environmental problem in very important according to mentioned aspects and lack of official regulation for concentration of cationic and anionic surface active agents in aquatic ecosystems.

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Category:
Monographic publication
Type:
rozdział, artykuł w książce - dziele zbiorowym /podręczniku o zasięgu krajowym
Title of issue:
Lakes,Reservoirs and Ponds :Impacts-Threats - Conservation International Conference strony 171 - 178
Language:
English
Publication year:
2016
Bibliographic description:
Marek R., Ewa O., Polkowska Ż.: Selected anionic and cationic surface active agents determined in river sediments – the Klodnica catchment // Lakes,Reservoirs and Ponds :Impacts-Threats - Conservation International Conference/ ed. Piotr Klimaszyk; Włodzimierz Marszelewski; Piotr Rzymski Toruń Polska: Polish Limnological Society, 2016, s.171-178
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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