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Speciation of heavy metals in bottom sediments of drinking water reservoir for Gdansk, Poland – changes over the 14 years

Abstract

There was conducted a comparative study of the concentrations of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd) in the surface layer of sediments collected in two investigation periods: 1999–2000 and 2013. Theresults demonstrated that the degree of metals pollution decreased over time. The contamina-tion factors (Cf) calculated for Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd were respectively 3.63, 3.86, 3.23, and 3.25 in the first period of research and 1.35, 3.42, 1.98, and 1.43 in the second one. The metal speciation analysis indicated that Zn was mainly associated with the Fe–Mn oxides fraction and the residual fraction, and Cu – with the residual fraction and the organic fraction in both periods of investigation, while the percentage of geochemical fractions in binding of Pb and Cd changed in time. The share of fractions Fe–Mn oxides/carbonate increased in the case of Pb, and carbonate/exchangeable fractions in the case of Cd. The risk assessment code (RAC) decreased in the following order: Cd>Zn>Pb>Cu and was higher in 2013 - it achieved the very high-risk category in the case of Cd. Thus, despite the decrease of sediment pollution, RAC for Cd increased due to changed geochemical speciation.

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Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
Desalination and Water Treatment no. 179, pages 252 - 262,
ISSN: 1944-3994
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Kulbat E., Sokołowska A.: Speciation of heavy metals in bottom sediments of drinking water reservoir for Gdansk, Poland – changes over the 14 years// Desalination and Water Treatment -Vol. 179, (2020), s.252-262
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.5004/dwt.2020.25003
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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