The analysis of tram tracks geometrical layout based on Mobile Satellite Measurements - Publication - MOST Wiedzy


The analysis of tram tracks geometrical layout based on Mobile Satellite Measurements


In this article, the results of the research in a field of which uses active global navigation satellite system (GNSS) geodetic networks for the inventory of geodetic geometric tram tracks are presented. The applied measurement technique has been adapted for the designing of the geometric layout of tram tracks. Several configurations of receivers and settings of an active GNSS networks with the objective to increase the accuracy of positioning and the availability of accurate localization are investigated. The measurement methods are optimized in order to increase the accuracy of determining positions from 3 mm up to 6 mm. Thus, the study of deformations in geometric layouts—according to the authors—is already possible. The implementation techniques of the mobile satellite measurements in a field of tram track inventory process are presented in this article. The course of the measurements and the results of the inventory of the tram system in Gdansk, Poland have been discussed. The results have turned out to be extremely useful for the geometric track layout evaluation. It has been proved that the applied method allows a comprehensive tram network inventory to be performed based on satellite measurements. The presented method is fast and cost-efficient.


  • 3


  • 2

    Web of Science

  • 2



publikacja w in. zagranicznym czasopiśmie naukowym (tylko język obcy)
Published in:
Urban Rrail Transit no. 3, pages 1 - 13,
ISSN: 2199-6687
Publication year:
Bibliographic description:
Specht C., Koc W., Chrostowski P., Szmagliński J.. The analysis of tram tracks geometrical layout based on Mobile Satellite Measurements. Urban Rrail Transit, 2017, Vol. 3, , s.1-13
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1007/s40864-017-0071-3
Bibliography: test
  1. Elberink SO, Khoshelham K (2015) Automatic extraction of railroad centerlines from mobile laser scanning data. Remote Sens 7(5):5565-5583 open in new tab
  2. Izvoltova J, Villim A, Kozak P (2014) Determination of geo- metrical track position by Robotic Total Station. Proc Eng 91:322-327 open in new tab
  3. Koc W, Chrostowski P (2014) Computer-aided design of railroad horizontal arc areas in adapting to satellite measurements. J Transp Eng 140(3):04013017-1-04013017-8 open in new tab
  4. Koc W, Specht C (2010) Application of the Polish active GNSS geodetic network for surveying and design of the railroad. In: First international conference on road and rail infrastructure- CETRA 2010, Opatija, Croatia, pp 757-762
  5. Koc W, Specht C (2011) Selected problems of determining the course of railway routes by use of GPS network solution. Arch Transp 23(3):303-320 open in new tab
  6. Koc W, Specht C, Chrostowski P, Palikowska K (2012) The accuracy assessment of determining the axis of railway track basing on the satellite surveying. Arch Transp 34(3):307-320 open in new tab
  7. Munson DC (2004) High-precision GPS for continuous moni- toring of rail. Final report for High-Speed Rail IDEA Project 26, Washington
  8. Specht C (2007) GPS system. Pelplin (in Polish) open in new tab
  9. Specht C et al (2008) Infrastructure and services test execution of ASG-EUPOS precise satellite positioning system. A research project commissioned by the Polish Office of Geodesy and Car- tography (in Polish), Scientific Consortium: Gdansk University of Technology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, and Polish Naval Academy in Gdynia
  10. Specht C, Koc W, Chrostowski P, Szmagliński J (2014) Assessment of the mobile satellite surveying accuracy in hori- zontal and vertical planes (in Polish). In: VII Sci.-Tech. confer- ence ''Designing, building and maintenance of infrastructure in rail transportation INFRASZYN 2014'', Zakopane, Poland, pp 264-278 open in new tab
  11. Specht C, Koc W, Chrostowski P, Szmagliński J (2015) Satellite inventory of tram track geometrical layout. In: 13th International conference and exhibition railway engineering 2015. Engineering Technics Press, Edinburgh open in new tab
  12. Specht C, Koc W, Smolarek L, Grządziela A, Szmagliński J, Specht M (2014) Diagnostics of the tram track shape with the use of the global positioning satellite systems (GPS/Glonass) mea- surements with a 20 Hz frequency sampling. J VibroEng 16(6):3076-3085 open in new tab
  13. Specht C, Nowak A, Koc W, Jurkowska A (2011) Application of the Polish Active Geodetic Network for railway track determi- nation, transport systems and processes-marine navigation and safety of sea transportation. CRC Press, London, pp 77-81 open in new tab
  14. Szwilski TB (2003) Determining rail track movement trajectories and alignment using HADGPS. In: AREMA conference, Chicago 15. Technical guidelines for designing, constructing and maintenance of tram tracks (in Polish 1983), The Polish Ministry of Admin- istration, Land Development and Environmental Protection, The Department of Public Transport and Roads, Warsaw 16. Web page: (the Free Platform for Numerical Computation)
  15. Web page:, Nolan page 1-tool and supply carts 18. Web page: open in new tab
  16. Wienia R (2015) Combined aerial and train mounted lidar system provide a fast and innovative approach to surveying railway infrastructure and track geometry. In: International conference railway engineering 2015, Edinburg
  17. Wildi T, Glaus R (1999) A multisensor platform for kinematic track surveying. In: International workshop on mobile mapping technology, Bangkok
  18. Zywiel J, Oberlechner G (2001) Innovative measuring system unveiled. Int Railw J 41(9):31-33
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

seen 21 times

Recommended for you

Meta Tags