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The convergence of gender wage differences - myth or fact - multi country multi sector analysis

Abstract

The Becker’s theory of discrimination predicts that in the long run the gender wage differences should disappear. In our empirical analysis we verify the testable implications of this mode considering the hypothesis of gender wage gap convergence. The study takes into account 31 sectors in 13 European countries for the period between 1970 and 2005. We distinguish between wages paid to different groups of workers classified according to skill level: high, medium and low. We estimate dynamic model of absolute and conditional wage gap convergence. The latter takes into account potential channels influencing female/male wage differentials such as sector’s concentration and openness. The result indicate that the highest speed of convergence is observed for workers with tertiary education (high-skilled), lowest for medium-skilled. The role of sector’s concentration and trade was confirmed. Sector’s concentration is connected with higher gender wage gap growth while the trade effect depends on skilled categories. For high and medium-skilled workers trade is connected with higher gap while for low-skilled workers with lower.

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Details

Category:
Monographic publication
Type:
rozdział, artykuł w książce - dziele zbiorowym /podręczniku w języku o zasięgu międzynarodowym
Title of issue:
W : Development of the enterprises' competitiveness in the context of demographic challenges strony 109 - 124
Language:
English
Publication year:
2014
Bibliographic description:
Wolszczak-Derlacz J.: The convergence of gender wage differences - myth or fact - multi country multi sector analysis// W : Development of the enterprises' competitiveness in the context of demographic challenges/ ed. Grzesiak M., Richert-Kaźmierska Hamburg: Baltic Sea Academy e.V., 2014, s.109-124
Verified by:
Gdańsk University of Technology

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