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The occurrence and role of Nitrospira in nitrogen removal systems

Abstract

Application of the modern microbial techniques changed the paradigm about the microorganisms performing nitrification. Numerous investigations recognized representatives of the genus Nitrospira as a key and predominant nitrite-oxidizing bacteria in biological nutrient removal systems, especially under low dissolved oxygen and substrate conditions. The recent discovery of Nitrospira capable of performing complete ammonia oxidation (comammox) raised a fundamental question about the actual role of Nitrospira in both nitrification steps. This review summarizes the current knowledge about morphological, physiological and genetic characteristics of the canonical and comammox Nitrospira. Potential implications of comammox for the functional aspects of nitrogen removal have been highlighted. The complex meta-analysis of literature data was applied to identify specific individual variables and their combined interactions on the Nitrospira abundance. In addition to dissolved oxygen and influent nitrogen concentrations, temperature and pH may play an important role in enhancing or suppressing the Nitrospira activity.

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Details

Category:
Articles
Type:
artykuły w czasopismach
Published in:
BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY no. 303, pages 1 - 16,
ISSN: 0960-8524
Language:
English
Publication year:
2020
Bibliographic description:
Mehrani M., Sobotka D., Kowal P., Ciesielski S., Mąkinia J.: The occurrence and role of Nitrospira in nitrogen removal systems// BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY -Vol. 303, (2020), s.1-16
DOI:
Digital Object Identifier (open in new tab) 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.122936
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