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Search results for: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATIONS

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Search results for: UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATIONS

  • Shallow Water Experiment of OFDM Underwater Acoustic Communications

    The large variability of communication properties of underwater acoustic channels, and especially the strongly varying instantaneous conditions in shallow waters, is a challenge for the designers of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems. The use of phase modulated signals does not allow reliable data transmission through such a tough communication channel. However, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), being...

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  • Underwater Acoustic Communications in Time-Varying Dispersive Channels

    Publication

    Underwater acoustic communication (UAC) system designers tend to transmit as much information as possible, per unit of time, at as low as possible error rate. However, the bit rate achieved in UAC systems is much lower than for wire or radio-communication systems. This is due to disadvantageous properties of the UAC channels, namely the sea and inland waters. Estimation of UAC channel transmission properties is possible within...

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  • Underwater acoustic communications system with error correction and synchronization coding

    Publication

    Niezawodna transmisja danych w wielodrogowym i niestacjonarnym płytkim kanale podwodnym wymaga zastosowania efektywnej techniki modulacji oraz equalizacji adaptacyjnej. W zaproponowanym artykule w systemie transmisji danych zastosowano modulację OFDM oraz equalizację adaptacyjną opartą o filtrację Kalmana. Ponadto zaimplementowano dwie techniki kodowania: FEC w celu eliminacji błędów transmisji oraz kodowanie pseudoszumowe, którego...

  • Testing the Wide-Sense Stationarity of Bandpass Signals for Underwater Acoustic Communications

    Publication

    - Year 2017

    The Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) systems work in communication channels characterized by a large variety of multipath propagation conditions that can additionally change over time. Designing a reliable communication system requires knowledge of the transmission parameters of the channel. There is a need for the development of adaptive signaling schemes that would dynamically optimize the signal parameters of the physical...

  • Simulation of Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum Data Transmission System for Reliable Underwater Acoustic Communications

    Underwater acoustic communication (UAC) system designers tend to transmit as much information as possible, per unit of time, at as low as possible error rate. It is a particularly difficult task in a shallow underwater channel in which the signal suffers from strong time dispersion due to multipath propagation and refraction phenomena. The direct-sequence spread spectrum technique (DSSS) applied successfully in the latest standards...

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  • Considerations of Adaptive Digital Communications in Underwater Acoustic Channel

    Publication

    Down-link communication (DLC) and air transportable communication (ATAC) buoys as well as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) use acoustic links for gathering oceanographic data from underwater monitoring systems. The underwater channel propagation conditions are diverse in nature and require a special adaptive approach to the communication system design. The article presents a methodology for the communication systems design,...

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  • System identification theory-based estimation of underwater acoustic channel for broadband communications.

    Publication

    Płytki kanał podwodny jest niestacjonarny z powodu wielokrotnych odbić fal dźwiękowych od powierzchni wody oraz ruchu nadajnika i odbiornika systemu komunikacyjnego. Dla zapewnienia szybkiej transmisji danych niezbędna jest estymacja kanału oparta na equalizacji adaptacyjnej. W systemach komunikacji podwodnej stosowane są zazwyczaj equalizery DFE z zaimplementowanymi algorytmami najmniejszych kwadratów: LMS oraz RLS.W artykule...

  • OFDM modulation and adaptive equalisation for underwater communications.

    Publication

    Własności transmisyjne płytkiego kanału podwodnego są ograniczone ze względu na wielokrotne odbicia fal dźwiękowych od dna i powierzchni wody oraz ze względu na niestacionarność powodowaną głównie przez ruch powierzchni wody. W celu minimalizacji wpływu interferencji międzysymbolowych, powodowanych przez wielodrogową propagację fal dźwiękowych, w tradycyjnych wąskopasmowych modemach telekomunikacyjnych stosowane są złożone equalizery...

  • Underwater Acoustic Imaging of the Sea

    Publication

    Acoustic waves are a carrier of information mainly in environments where the use of other types of waves, for example electromagnetic waves, is limited. The term acoustical imaging is widely used in the ultrasonic engineering to imaging areas in which the acoustic waves propagate. In particular, ultrasound is widely used in the visualization of human organs - ultrasonography (Nowicki, 2010). Expanding the concept, acoustical imaging...

  • Seafloor Characterisation Using Underwater Acoustic Devices

    The problem of seafloor characterisation is important in the context of management as well as investigation and protection of the marine environment. In the first part of the paper, a review of underwater acoustic technology and methodology used in seafloor characterisation is presented. It consists of the techniques based on the use of singlebeam echosounders and seismic sources, along with those developed for the use of sidescan...

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  • Testing OFDM Transmission Schemes for Shallow Water Acoustic Communications

    Publication

    - Year 2013

    Large variability of communication properties of underwater acoustic channels, and especially strongly varying instantaneous conditions in shallow waters, is a tough challenge for the designers of underwater acoustics communication (UAC system. There is a need for developing adaptive signaling schemes that would dynamically optimize signal parameters in both physical and link layers of communication protocols. The orthogonal frequency...

  • Application of OFDM technique to underwater acoustic data transmission

    Publication

    Performances of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) digital systems are strongly related to specific transmission properties of the underwater channel. Depending on the characteristics of the channel, an architecture and modulation techniques are usually implemented that are known as reliable solutions for data transmission in difficult radio channels. The OFDM technique seems to be the most promising nowadays. The parameters...

  • Estimation of Coherence Bandwidth for Underwater Acoustic Communication Channel

    Publication

    A shallow underwater acoustic communication channel is characterized by strong multipath propagation. The signal reaching the receiver consists of a direct waveform and a number of its delayed and suppressed replica. A significant time dispersion of the transmitted signal and selective fading of its spectrum are observed. Coherence bandwidth defines maximal bandwidth, wherein the channel amplitude characteristic remains constant...

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  • Limitations of WSSUS modeling of stationary underwater acoustic communication channel

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2016

    Performances of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel. Due to their large variability, there is a need for adaptive matching of the UAC systems signaling to the transmission properties of the channel. This requires a knowledge of instantaneous channel characteristics, in terms of the specific parameters of stochastic models. The wide-sense...

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  • Modeling of active fiber Bragg grating underwater acoustic sensor.

    Publication

    - Year 2004

    W pracy przedstawiono wyniki modelowania nowego typu przetwornika hydroakustycznego wykorzystującego światłowodową siatkę Bragga. Siatka ta, domieszkowana jonami pierwiastków ziem rzadkich, pracuje jako laser z rozłożonym sprzężeniem zwrotnym, co pozwala na znaczne zwiększenie czułości tego prztwornika w porównaniu z rozwiązaniami wykorzystującymi siatki pasywne. W celu uzyskania równomiernego rozkładu naprężeń siatki zastosowano...

  • Performance of Coherent Modulation Scheme Used in Acoustic Underwater Communication System

    The development of an acoustic underwater communication system for shallow waters is still a big scientificand construction challenge. Currently, non-coherent modulations in combination with strong channel coding are used to achieve reliable communication with low rate in such a channel. To obtain transmission with a higher transmission rate, it is required to use coherent modulation. This paper presents the assumptions of such...

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  • Probe signal processing for channel estimation in underwater acoustic communication system

    Publication

    Underwater acoustic communication channels are characterized by a large variety of propagation conditions. Designing a reliable communication system requires knowledge of the transmission parameters of the channel, namely multipath delay spread, Doppler spread, coherence time, and coherence bandwidth. However, the possibilities of its estimation in a realtime underwater communication system are limited, mainly due to the computational...

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  • Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Technique for Underwater Acoustic Communication System

    Publication

    The performance of an underwater acoustic communication (UAC) system is limited due to tough propagation conditions in the UAC channel. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technique can improve the reliability of the data transmission system, increase its speed, increase its range, and reduce the energy consumption. The paper presents an implementation method of MIMO technique in the form of coding the Space-Time Block Code and...

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  • ADAPTIVE IDENTIFICATION OF TIME-VARYING IMPULSE RESPONSE OF UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

    Publication

    The transmission properties of underwater acoustic communication channel can change dynamically due to the movement of acoustic system transmitter and receiver or underwater objects reflecting transmitted signal. The time-varying impulse response measurement and estimation are necessary to match the physical layer of data transmission to instantaneous channel propagation conditions. Using the correlative measurement method, impulse...

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  • Stationary underwater channel experiment: Acoustic measurements and characteristics in the Bornholm area for model validations

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2016

    The underwater acoustical channel is time-variant, and even on small time scales there is often existing no ‘acoustical frozen ocean’. Popular is the use of WSSUS-channel transmission modeling (Wide-Sense Stationary Uncorrelated Scattering) for the stochastic description of bandpass signals in GSM mobile phones with moving participants; since this results in a halved number of model parameters. For underwater sound applications...

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  • A method for testing the wide-sense stationary uncorrelated scattering assumption fulfillment for an underwater acoustic channel

    Wide-sense stationary and uncorrelated scattering (WSSUS) assumptions are often applied for the statistical description of wireless communication channels. However, in the case of underwater acoustic channels the WSSUS model is of limited value. The degree of similarity of in-phase and quadrature components of the channel impulse response, measured with the use of bandpass modulated signals, can be used as an indicator of WSSUS...

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  • Study of probe signal bandwidth influence on estimation of coherence bandwidth for underwater acoustic communication channel

    A signal transmitted in a shallow Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) channel suffers from time dispersion due to the multipath propagation and the refraction phenomena. This causes intersymbol interference of the received signal and frequency-selective fading observed in its spectrum. Coherence bandwidth is one of the key transmission parameters used for designing the physical layer of a data transmission system to minimise...

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  • Reliable OFDM Data Transmission with Pilot Tones and Error-Correction Coding in Shallow Underwater Acoustic Channel

    Publication

    The performance of Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to the specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel. Horizontal, shallow-water channels are characterised by extremely disadvantageous transmission properties, due to strong multipath propagation and refraction phenomena. The paper presents the results of communication tests performed during a shallow, inland-water experiment with...

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  • Research and development on underwater acoustic systems at Polish Naval Academy and Gdansk University of Technology for the Polish Navy

    Publication

    We wstępie artykułu wymieniono korzystne aspekty prawie pięćdziesięcioletniej współpracy obu Uczelni z polską Marynarką Wojenną. W dalszych częściach omówiono prace z dziedziny hydroakustyki wykonywane na rzecz Marynarki Wojennej w ciągu ostatnich dziesięciu lat. W Akademii MW w tym okresie były to głównie prace związane z pomiarami i analizami hydroakustycznych pól okrętów wraz z aplikacjami technicznymi tych analiz oraz aplikacje...

  • Assessment of Wide-Sense Stationarity of an Underwater Acoustic Channel Based on a Pseudo-Random Binary Sequence Probe Signal

    Publication

    The performances of Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to the specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel. Designing the physical layer of a reliable data transmission system requires a knowledge of channel characteristics in terms of the specific parameters of the stochastic model. The Wide-Sense Stationary Uncorrelated Scattering (WSSUS) assumption simplifies the stochastic description...

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  • Iwona Kochańska dr inż.

    Iwona Kochańska is a graduate of Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology. She received M.Sc. degree in Automation Control and Robotics, specializing in the mobile objects control. In 2012 she received Ph.D. degree in hydroacoustics. In the same year she started working as an assistant professor in the Department of Marine Electronic Systems. The main area of interest is hydroacoustis, ...

  • Measurements of transmission properties of Acoustic Communication Channels

    Publication

    Tough transmission properties of shallow water acoustic channels (SWAC) highly limit the use of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems. An adaptive matching of modulation and signaling schemes to instantaneous channel conditions is needed for reliabledata communications. This creates, however, unique challenges for designers when compared to radio transmission systems. When communication system elements are in move, the...

  • Underwater Navigation Ssystem Based on Doppler Shift – Measurements and Error Estimations

    A new acoustic navigation system was developed to determine the position and speed of moving underwater objects such as divers and underwater vehicles. The path of an object and its speed were determined by the Doppler shifts of acoustic signals emitted by a transmitter placed on the object and received by four hydrophones installed at the periphery of the monitored body of water. The position and speed measurements were affected...

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  • Eugeniusz Kozaczka prof. dr hab. inż.

  • Reliable underwater communication system for shallow coastal waters

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2014

    This paper presents a reliable and robust low data rate spread spectrum approach which is implemented in the acoustic underwater communication system for shallow coastal waters. It shows operation assumptions of spread spectrum techniques based on the wellknown Shannon equation. It describes two methods of spread spectrum: frequency hopping spread spectrum and direct sequence spread spectrum; their block diagram and their characteristics...

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  • Tracking of the broadband source of the underwater noise in the very shallow water conditions

    Publication

    The paper contains the result s, both theoretical and experimental , connected with the tracking of the underwater noise source as small ships, pontoon , diver and so on. The pro blem of security in the shallow water area is the challenge for underwater acousticians. In this paper there is take n into account the detection of the sources that move on the surface of the sea or underwater in shallow...

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  • Acoustic Processor of the MCM Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, a modernised underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling...

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  • Piotr Szczuko dr hab. inż.

    Piotr Szczuko received his M.Sc. degree in 2002. His thesis was dedicated to examination of correlation phenomena between perception of sound and vision for surround sound and digital image. He finished Ph.D. studies in 2007 and one year later completed a dissertation "Application of Fuzzy Rules in Computer Character Animation" that received award of Prime Minister of Poland. His interests include: processing of audio and video, computer...

  • Acoustic Processor of the Mine Countermeasure Sonar

    This paper presents the concept of an acoustic processor of the mine countermeasure sonar. Developed at the Department of Marine Electronics Systems, Gdansk University of Technology, the acoustic processor is an element of the MG-89, an underwater acoustic station. The focus of the article is on the modules of the processor. They are responsible for sampling analogue signals and implementing the algorithms controlling the measurement...

  • Signatures and acoustic images of objects moving in water

    Publication

    Observation of underwater space is part of a generaltrend, which primary purpose is to protect and increasesafety in the selected area. The basic aim of the paper ispresentation of designated acoustic characteristics typicalfor objects moving on the water surface and under water,which represent some knowledge about detection of theseobjects. Create a catalog of acoustic signature and not onlyacoustic, as well as acoustic images...

  • Some aspects of noise generated by a small ship in the shallow sea

    Publication

    - Year 2012

    The passing and underwater moving objects produce the noises of variable intensity, which significantly increase the overall level of noise in the sea. This applies to both the sonic and ultrasonic range. The excessive levels of underwater noise adversely affects the so-called underwater acoustic climate and is the reason why this phenomenon is intensively investigated from the number of years. The results of experimental work...

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  • Theoretical Model of Acoustic Wave Propagation in Shallow Water

    The work is devoted to the propagation of low frequency waves in a shallow sea. As a source of acoustic waves, underwater disturbances generated by ships were adopted. A specific feature of the propagation of acoustic waves in shallow water is the proximity of boundaries of the limiting media characterised by different impedance properties, which affects the acoustic field coming from a source situated in the water layer “ deformed”...

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  • Identification of hydroacoustic wave sources of ship in motion

    Publication

    - Polish Maritime Research - Year 2010

    This paper deals with results of identification tests of acoustic field spectrum of underwater noise generated by ship in motion. The field is connected with acoustic activity of ship mechanisms and devices in operation. Vibration energy generated by the mechanisms and devices is transferred through ship structural elements to surrounding water where it propagates in the form of acoustic waves of a broad band of frequencies. In...

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  • Using Fast Frequency Hopping Technique to Improve Reliability of Underwater Communication System

    Publication

    Acoustic underwater communication systems designed to work reliably in shallow coastal waters must overcome major limitations such as multipath propagation and the Doppler effect. These restrictions are the reason for the complexity of receivers being built, whose task is to decode a symbol on the basis of the received signal. Additional complications are caused by the low propagation speed of the acoustic wave in the water and...

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  • The study of acoustic climate of the Southern Baltic

    This paper presents the statistical characteristics of seawater properties, which are necessary for predicting the propagation of acoustic waves in selected areas of the Baltic Sea. The statistics were elaborated based on long-term measurements of vertical distributions of sound speed, temperature, and salinity, and the nonlinearity parameter B/A. Nonlinear properties of the environment are considered, in connection...

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  • Transmission parameters of underwater communication channels

    Publication

    The underwater environment is tough and demanding as a communication channel for ultrasonic signals. The channel transmission characteristics in marine and inland waters depend much on local bathymetry and changing weather conditions. The architecture and performance of a reliable underwater acoustic communication (UAC) system should allow real-time adaptation of its transmission parameters to a large variety of possible channel...

  • Underwater Navigation System Based on Doppler Shifts of a Continuous Wave

    Publication

    The paper describes a concept of an underwater navigation system designed to determine the location and speed of its ROVs or divers. Conducted by the Department of Marine Electronic Systems at the Gdansk University of Technology for several years, research has focused on navigation systems which determine positions on the basis of Doppler shifts of echo signals reflected from a moving object. This article presents a different version...

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  • The development of an underwater telephone for digital communication purposes

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2016

    The underwater telephone HTL-10 has been designed to provide voice and data communication between helicopter and submarines using acoustic waves. It works in a half-duplex mode and uses analogue power-efficient modulation in the form of a single side-band, suppressed carrier, in a wide range of frequencies. It generates the transmitted signal, and processes the received signals. It is implemented with the use of digital signal...

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  • MSIS sonar image segmentation method based on underwater viewshed analysis and high-density seabed model

    Publication

    - Year 2017

    High resolution images of Mechanically Scanned Imaging Sonars can bring detailed representation of underwater area if favorable conditions for acoustic signal to propagate are provided. However to properly asses underwater situation based solely on such data can be challenging for less than proficient interpreter. In this paper we propose a method to enhance interpretative potential of MSIS image by dividing it in to subareas depending...

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  • Propagation of Ship-Generated Noise in Shallow Sea

    Contamination of sea environment by noise and any energy radiated to water constitutes today a problem to which more and more attention is paid, in view, a.o., of consequences of an impact of these factors onto marine fauna. European Union has introduced a directive by which EU countries are made responsible to undertake efforts aimed at reaching a good envirenmental status of European seas by 2020. A main source of underwater...

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  • UNDERWATER NOISE GENERATED BY A SMALL SHIP IN THE SHALLOW SEA

    Publication

    - Archives of Acoustics - Year 2013

    Study of the sea noise has been a subject of interest for years. The first work of this scope were published at the turn of the twentieth century by Knudsen (KNUDSEN et al., 1948) and G. Wenz (WENZ, 1962). Disturbances called "shipping noise" are one of the important components of the sea noise. In this work the results of an experimental research of underwater noise produced by a small ship of a classic propulsion are...

  • Measurement of Impulse Response of Shallow Water Communication Channel by Correlation Method

    Performances of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel; conditions that can additionally change in time due to the movement of the acoustic system transmitter and receiver or to reflection by underwater objects of the transmitted signal. The time-varying impulse response is a comprehensive description of dynamically changing transmission...

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  • Study of the Performance of DSSS UAC System Depending on the System Bandwidth and the Spreading Sequence

    A signal transmitted in an Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) system operating in a shallow-water channel suffers from strong time dispersion due to multipath propagation. This causes the Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) observed in the received signal, which significantly limits the communication system’s reliability and transmission rate. In such propagation conditions, the Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) method is...

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  • Theoretical analysis of a new approach to order determination for a modified Prony method in swath mapping application

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2017

    This article presents a new approach to determine the model order (number of principal components) in the modified Prony method applied to swath acoustic mapping. Determination of the number of principal components is a crucial step in the modified Prony method. In the proposed approach the model order is chosen based on the underlying physical model of the underwater acoustic environment, and utilised signal processing operations....

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  • Modeling of performance of a AUV vehicle towards limiting the hydro-acoustic field.

    Some results of research devoted to the modeling of a AUV-Stealth vehicle performance towards limiting its hydro-acoustic field are presented in the paper. At the beginning the AUV-Stealth autonomous underwater vehicle concept is described. Then the method of research is introduced. Next the key design drivers of the AUV-Stealth vehicle are presented. Between them are the AUV-Stealth hull form, arrangement of internal spaces,...

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