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Search results for: shallow water acoustics

  • Hydrodynamic Pressure Field of a Ship on Shallow Water

    Publication

    - Year 2013

    Results of calculations of the hydrodynamic pressure field around the ship were obtained by application of the boundary element method. Hydrodynamic field was calculated for a Polish Navy’s tugboat and transport ship using a program called SHiPP and compared with measurements of the field taken on river near Swinoujscie for two identical tugs H-4 and H-10. Next, a series of HPF calculations was carried out on planes situated at...

  • Shallow Water Experiment of OFDM Underwater Acoustic Communications

    The large variability of communication properties of underwater acoustic channels, and especially the strongly varying instantaneous conditions in shallow waters, is a challenge for the designers of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems. The use of phase modulated signals does not allow reliable data transmission through such a tough communication channel. However, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), being...

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  • Theoretical Model of Acoustic Wave Propagation in Shallow Water

    The work is devoted to the propagation of low frequency waves in a shallow sea. As a source of acoustic waves, underwater disturbances generated by ships were adopted. A specific feature of the propagation of acoustic waves in shallow water is the proximity of boundaries of the limiting media characterised by different impedance properties, which affects the acoustic field coming from a source situated in the water layer “ deformed”...

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  • Balance errors in numerical solutions of shallow water equations

    Publication

    The analysis of the conservative properties of the shallow water equations is presented in the paper. The work focuses on the consistency of numerical solution of these equations with the conservation laws of mass and momentum. The investigations involve two different conservative forms which are solved by an implicit box scheme. The theoretical analysis supported by numerical experiments is carried out for rectangular channel...

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  • Assessment of ship squat in shallow water using CFD

    Publication
    • J. Jachowski

    - Year 2007

    Referat zawiera wstęp do problemu modelowania efektów wody ograniczonej przy użyciu komercyjnego programu Fluent opartego na metodzie elementów skończonych.

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  • Assessment of ship squat in shallow water using CFD

    Publication

    Artykuł zawiera wstęp do problemu modelowania efektów wody ograniczonej przy użyciu komercyjnego programu Fluent opartego na metodzie elementów skończonych.

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  • Testing OFDM Transmission Schemes for Shallow Water Acoustic Communications

    Publication

    - Year 2013

    Large variability of communication properties of underwater acoustic channels, and especially strongly varying instantaneous conditions in shallow waters, is a tough challenge for the designers of underwater acoustics communication (UAC system. There is a need for developing adaptive signaling schemes that would dynamically optimize signal parameters in both physical and link layers of communication protocols. The orthogonal frequency...

  • Shipping Low Frequency Noise and Its Propagation in Shallow Water

    One of the most significant factor influencing acoustical climate of the sea is underwater noise generated by moving ships. If the considered sea area has features of the shallow water, namely the wave frequency fulfils relation f < 10c/h, where c denotes phase speed of sound, and h is depths of the sea, then in certain distance from the wave source specific image of sound pressure distribution in the mean of wave modes appears....

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  • Analysis of hydrodynamic pressure fields of motorboats and pontoons in shallow water

    Publication

    The article presents the results of calculations of the pressure fields generated by a motorboat at the bottom of a shallow sea. Calculations were made using the boundary elements method (BEM), arranged on the surface of the boat and the bottom of the sea. This method is described in [3], and applied on a free surface linearized boundary condition. Results for four different lengths of motorboats, from 2.85 m to 9.5 m, sea depth...

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  • Shallow Water Equations as a Mathematical Model of Whitewater Course Hydrodynamics

    Predicting the positions of local hydraulic phenomena, as well as accurately esti-mating the depth and velocity of the water flow are necessary to correctly config-ure a whitewater canoeing course. Currently, a laboratory and full 3D CFD model-ing are typically used in the design process to meet these needs. The article points to another possibility which can be useful at the preliminary stage of the design. The authors show that...

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  • Tracking of the broadband source of the underwater noise in the very shallow water conditions

    Publication

    The paper contains the result s, both theoretical and experimental , connected with the tracking of the underwater noise source as small ships, pontoon , diver and so on. The pro blem of security in the shallow water area is the challenge for underwater acousticians. In this paper there is take n into account the detection of the sources that move on the surface of the sea or underwater in shallow...

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  • Signal conditioning for examination of shallow-water acoustic noise correlation properties

    Publication

    The article describes the process of signal conditioning for examination of acoustic noise correlation properties in shallow water. Knowledge of these properties is very important for the design processes of passive and active hydroacoustic systems. This paper focuses on the above issue from the point of view of passive sonar. In sonar systems, signal processing algorithms operate on both useful acoustic signals, and accompanying...

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  • Measurement of Impulse Response of Shallow Water Communication Channel by Correlation Method

    Performances of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel; conditions that can additionally change in time due to the movement of the acoustic system transmitter and receiver or to reflection by underwater objects of the transmitted signal. The time-varying impulse response is a comprehensive description of dynamically changing transmission...

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  • Underwater communication system for shallow water using modified MFSK modulation

    Publication

    Opisano budowę i zasadę działania systemu komunikacji podwodnej z modulacją MMFSK. System służy do przekazywania danych i komend ze statku do obiektów podwodnych w płytkich wodach przybrzeżnych i jeziorach. Priorytetowe wymagania postawione systemowi to bardzo małe zużycie energii w części podwodnej i bardzo mała liczba błędów transmisji. Szczególną uwagę zwrócono na nietypowe źródło błędów, jakim są zniekształcenia nieliniowe...

  • A CONCEPT DESIGN OF DIESEL – HYDRAULIC PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR PASSENGER SHIP INTENDED FOR INLAND SHALLOW WATER NAVIGATION

    Publication

    This paper presents an analysis of environmental and technical conditions necessary for working out a possibly most favourable propulsion system for a two – segment passenger ship intended for navigation between Berlin and Kaliningrad. There are presented various types of propulsion systems for small ships as well as analyzed their possible applications and consequences. In this work there were taken into account system’s reliability,...

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  • Method for the correlation coefficient estimation of the bottom echo signal in the shallow water application using interferometric echo sounder

    The article presents a new method for the assessment of bottom echo correlation coefficient in the presence of multiple echoes. Bottom correlation coefficient is a parameter that characterizes spatial properties of echo signal. Large variability of the bottom shape or properties (for example caused by the presence of bottom objects) and the presence of the acoustic shadow strongly influence the value of the correlation coefficient....

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  • Estimation of groundwater recharge in a shallow sandy aquifer using unsaturated zone modeling and water table fluctuation method

    Quantification of groundwater recharge is one of the most important issues in hydrogeology, especially in view of the ongoing changes in climate and land use. In this study, we use numerical models of 1D vertical flow in the vadose zone and the water table fluctuation (WTF) analysis to investigate local-scale recharge of a shallow sandy aquifer in the Brda outwash plain in northern Poland. We show that these two methods can be...

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  • A New Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum Signal Detection Method for Underwater Acoustic Communications in Shallow-Water Channel

    Publication

    Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) is one of the modulation and coding techniques used in Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) systems for reliable data transmision even at low signal levels. However, in a shallow water channel, there is a strong multipath propagation which causes a phase fluctuation of the received signal, affecting the performance of the spread-spectrum system. The article presents a differential method...

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  • On Some Aspects of Fish Target Strength Estimation in Shallow Waters

    Publication

    - Year 2013

    The theory of acoustic surveys for determining fish abundance are well established in fishery acoustics. The origins of the estimation are related to overcoming the problem of unknown position of target in the beam using statistical inversion. Although recently researchers use more sophisticated echosounders that provides more informative data allowing for direct solution it is known that the results are biased due to not ideally...

  • Measurements of transmission properties of Acoustic Communication Channels

    Publication

    Tough transmission properties of shallow water acoustic channels (SWAC) highly limit the use of underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems. An adaptive matching of modulation and signaling schemes to instantaneous channel conditions is needed for reliabledata communications. This creates, however, unique challenges for designers when compared to radio transmission systems. When communication system elements are in move, the...

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  • Water currents in Głębinka Passage in late spring of 1975

    Open Research Data
    open access

    Data set contains the results of the field measurements of horizontal water currents carried out in the Głębinka Passage in Puck Bay  (Southern Baltic, Poland) in 1975 by Department of Physical Oceanography (Institute Oceanography, University of Gdańsk). Głębinka Passage is a narrow strait playing crucial role in water exchange between shallow and deep...

  • Iwona Kochańska dr inż.

    Iwona Kochańska is a graduate of Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology. She received M.Sc. degree in Automation Control and Robotics, specializing in the mobile objects control. In 2012 she received Ph.D. degree in hydroacoustics. In the same year she started working as an assistant professor in the Department of Marine Electronic Systems. The main area of interest is hydroacoustis, ...

  • Archives of Acoustics

    Journals

    ISSN: 0137-5075 , eISSN: 2300-262X

  • Propozycja metody oceny bezpieczeństwa użytkowania rekreacyjnego obiektu wodnego typu ‘dzika rzeka’

    Przedstawiona praca dotyczy możliwości wykorzystania numerycznej symulacji przepływu do oceny bezpieczeństwa użytkowania torów rekreacyjnych występujących w wodnych parkach rozrywki. Użytkownicy licznie odwiedzanych aquaparków oczekują wyjątkowych wrażeń z jednoczesną gwarancją bezpieczeństwa. Projektowanie tych obiektów odbywa się w oparciu o przepisy zawarte w odpowiednich normach, lecz nie są one precyzyjne. Jednak wstępną weryfikację...

  • Numeryczna analiza hydrauliki toru kajakarstwa górskiego w Drzewicy

    W artykule zaproponowano wykorzystanie do analizy hydrodynamiki toru kajakarstwa górskiego symulacji numerycznej, wykorzystującej dwuwymiarowe równania ruchu wody w warunkach przepływu szybkozmiennego. Rozwiązanie równań hydrodynamiki wykonano samodzielnie z zastosowaniem metody objętości skończonych. Jako przykład zastosowania zaproponowanej metody przedstawiono analizę przepływu wzdłuż istniejącego, poddanego modernizacji toru...

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  • NUMERYCZNE MODELOWANIE HYDRODYNAMIKI JAKO NARZĘDZIE WSPOMAGANIA PROJEKTOWANIA REKREACYJNYCH I SPORTOWYCH OBIEKTÓW WODNYCH

    W artykule opisano zastosowanie obliczeń numerycznych w procesie projektowania, analizy działania oraz oceny bezpieczeństwa użytkowania wodnych obiektów rekreacyjnych i sportowych. Użytkownicy aquaparków, sportowcy, a szczególnie kibice, oczekują wyjątkowych doznań na obiektach wodnych z jednoczesną gwarancją bezpieczeństwa. Na te kwestie duży wpływ ma hydrodynamika przepływu. Aby właściwie dobrać parametry geometryczne i hydrauliczne...

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  • Water

    Journals

    ISSN: 2073-4441

  • Propagation of Ship-Generated Noise in Shallow Sea

    Contamination of sea environment by noise and any energy radiated to water constitutes today a problem to which more and more attention is paid, in view, a.o., of consequences of an impact of these factors onto marine fauna. European Union has introduced a directive by which EU countries are made responsible to undertake efforts aimed at reaching a good envirenmental status of European seas by 2020. A main source of underwater...

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  • Magdalena Gajewska prof. dr hab. inż.

    Magdalena Gajewska (born   June 1th  1968 in Gdańsk) in 1993 graduated Hydro-Engineering Faculty at Gdańsk University of Technology.   At present she is an assistant professor in the Department of Water and Wastewater Technology at the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering GUT. PhD (2001) and habilitation (2013) in the discipline of environmental engineering. In the 2016-2020 term, serves as Vice -dean for science. She...

  • Introduction to the special issue on machine learning in acoustics

    Publication
    • Z. Michalopoulou
    • P. Gerstoft
    • B. Kostek
    • M. A. Roch

    - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America - Year 2021

    When we started our Call for Papers for a Special Issue on “Machine Learning in Acoustics” in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, our ambition was to invite papers in which machine learning was applied to all acoustics areas. They were listed, but not limited to, as follows: • Music and synthesis analysis • Music sentiment analysis • Music perception • Intelligent music recognition • Musical source separation • Singing...

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  • WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    Journals

    ISSN: 0273-1223 , eISSN: 1996-9732

  • Auditory Display Applied to Research in Music and Acoustics . Obrazowanie dźwiękowe w muzyce i akustyce.

    Publication

    This paper presents a relationship between Auditory Display (AD) and the domains of music and acoustics. First, some basic notions of the Auditory Display area are shortly outlined. Then, the research trends and system solutions within the fields of music technology, music information retrieval and music recommendation and acoustics that are within the scope of AD are discussed. Finally, an example of AD solution based on gaze...

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  • Water Reuse_2021

    e-Learning Courses
    • K. Czerwionka
    • M. Kasprzyk

    Lectures on the subject of Water Reuse

  • Water Reuse_2022

    e-Learning Courses
    • K. Czerwionka
    • M. Kasprzyk

    Lectures on the subject of Water Reuse

  • UNDERWATER NOISE GENERATED BY A SMALL SHIP IN THE SHALLOW SEA

    Publication

    - Archives of Acoustics - Year 2013

    Study of the sea noise has been a subject of interest for years. The first work of this scope were published at the turn of the twentieth century by Knudsen (KNUDSEN et al., 1948) and G. Wenz (WENZ, 1962). Disturbances called "shipping noise" are one of the important components of the sea noise. In this work the results of an experimental research of underwater noise produced by a small ship of a classic propulsion are...

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  • Applying computational intelligence to acoustics.

    Publication

    W artykule przedstawiono przegląd wybranych zagadnień związanych z zastosowaniem metod inteligencji obliczeniowej w akustyce. Zaprezentowane metody obejmują m.in. sztuczne sieci neuronowe, zbiory przyblizone, logikę rozmytą, algorytmy genetyczne. Problematyka akustyczna dotyczy z kolei klasyfikacji dźwięków muzycznych, inteligentnego przetwarzania muzyki, inteligentnego sterowania trakturą organową oraz obiektywizacji metody oceny...

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  • The Caustic in the Acoustics of Historic Interiors

    Publication

    In the paper, caustics are discussed as ordered forms of focus broadening occurring in concave mirrors. Presented are examples of caustics formed in natural conditions and application of the phenomenon in different fields of science and technology. Against this factual background, the possibility to observe caustics in rooms is pointed out. Special emphasis is put on large rooms of historic character, as such interiors frequently...

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  • Propagation of Acoustic Disturbances in Shallow Sea

    Publication

    - Year 2013

    Propagation of acoustic waves in shallow sea differs fundamentally from the same phenomenon occurring in deep sea in view of non-negligible distance from the sea bottom in the first case, where presence of two regions limiting the water layer results in the acoustic pressure distribution induced by a harmonic source has an interferential nature as a result of multi-path propagation of the acoustic signal. These interferential properties...

  • APPLIED ACOUSTICS

    Journals

    ISSN: 0003-682X , eISSN: 1872-910X

  • Acoustics

    Journals

    eISSN: 2624-599X

  • Jacek Marszal dr hab. inż.

    Jacek Marszal received M.Sc., Ph.D. and D.Sc. degrees in Telecommunications Engineering at Gdansk University of Technology (GUT), Poland, in 1977, 1989 and 2014 respectively. His scientific specialty is underwater acoustics. Immediately after graduation in 1977,  he started working at the Gdansk University of Technology, where since 2015 he is the Head of the Department of Marine Electronic Systems. He is the author and co-author...

  • Influence of the Widespread Use of Corten Plate on the Acoustics of the European Solidarity Centre Building in Gdansk

    Publication

    This paper describes the relationship between a strong architectural vision that is difficult to balance, and user expectations in terms of acoustics. The focus is on the use of corten steel as the dominant finishing material on façades and interiors to achieve an expressive, symbolic message through program-based design. The architectural premises justifying the adopted solutions are presented, especially the universality and...

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  • Reliable OFDM Data Transmission with Pilot Tones and Error-Correction Coding in Shallow Underwater Acoustic Channel

    Publication

    The performance of Underwater Acoustic Communication (UAC) systems are strongly related to the specific propagation conditions of the underwater channel. Horizontal, shallow-water channels are characterised by extremely disadvantageous transmission properties, due to strong multipath propagation and refraction phenomena. The paper presents the results of communication tests performed during a shallow, inland-water experiment with...

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  • WATER RESEARCH

    Journals

    ISSN: 0043-1354

  • Analysis of the Water Level Variation in the Polish Part of the Vistula Lagoon (Baltic Sea) and Estimation of Water Inflow and Outflow Transport through the Strait of Baltiysk in the Years 2008–2017

    Publication

    The Vistula Lagoon is located in both Poland and Russia along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. It is connected to the Baltic Sea in the Russian part by the Strait of Baltiysk. The purpose of the paper is to identify the dominant factors underlying the water level variation mechanism at Tolkmicko in the Vistula Lagoon, revealed by a statistical analysis of the measured data and a discussion on the inflow and outflow transport...

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  • Reliable underwater communication system for shallow coastal waters

    Publication

    - HYDROACOUSTICS - Year 2014

    This paper presents a reliable and robust low data rate spread spectrum approach which is implemented in the acoustic underwater communication system for shallow coastal waters. It shows operation assumptions of spread spectrum techniques based on the wellknown Shannon equation. It describes two methods of spread spectrum: frequency hopping spread spectrum and direct sequence spread spectrum; their block diagram and their characteristics...

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  • Analysis of a caustic formed by a spherical reflector: Impact of a caustic on architectural acoustics

    Publication

    Focusing sound in rooms intended for listening to music or speech is an acoustic defect. Design recommendations provide remedial steps to effectively prevent this. However, there is a category of objects of high historical or architectural value in which the sound focus correction is limited or even abandoned. This also applies to indoor or outdoor concert shells, installations for teaching and acoustic presentations, etc. The...

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  • Water Resources Management - Winter Semester 2021-2022

    e-Learning Courses
    • T. Kolerski
    • A. M. Mustafa

    Water Resources Management as defined for purpose of this course includes both water use and water excess management. The fundamental water resources engineering processes are the hydrologic processes and the hydraulic processes. The common threads that relate to the explanation of these processes are the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. The hydrologic processes include rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, rainfall-runoff and routing,...

  • Water Treatment (lecture) - 2021/2022

    e-Learning Courses
    • K. Fitobór

    WATER TREATMENT: lecture Course: Environmental Engineering MSc degree, semester: II

  • Analysis of Methods for Determining Shallow Waterbody Depths Based on Images Taken by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Publication
    • M. Specht
    • M. Wiśniewska
    • A. Stateczny
    • C. Specht
    • B. Szostak
    • O. Lewicka
    • M. Stateczny
    • S. Widźgowski
    • A. Halicki

    - SENSORS - Year 2022

    Hydrographic surveys enable the acquisition and processing of bathymetric data, which after being plotted onto nautical charts, can help to ensure safety of navigation, monitor changes in the coastal zone, and assess hydro-engineering structure conditions. This study involves the measurement of waterbody depth, identification of the seabed shape and geomorphology, the coastline course, and the location of underwater obstacles....

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