Publications
Filters
total: 814
Catalog Publications
2020

A Loophole of All ‘LoopholeFree’ BellType Theorems
PublicationBell’s theorem cannot be proved if complementary measurements have to be represented by random variables which cannot be added or multiplied. One such case occurs if their domains are not identical. The case more directly related to the Einstein–Rosen–Podolsky argument occurs if there exists an ‘element of reality’ but nevertheless addition of complementary results is impossible because they are represented by elements from different...

A simple model of the trapassisted recombination with the excitonic Auger mechanism
PublicationWe present a simple model of the trapassisted recombination combined with the excitonic Auger mechanism. It has been shown that only six independent transitions of electrons and holes should be taken into account to describe a combination of the Shockley–Read–Hall (SRH) recombination with this excitonic process. This is in opposition to a wellknown model of the SRH mechanism with the free carriers Auger effect via deep states,...

An approach to constructing genuinely entangled subspaces of maximal dimension
PublicationGenuinely entangled subspaces (GESs) are the class of completely entangled subspaces that contain only genuinely multiparty entangled states. They constitute a particularly useful notion in the theory of entanglement but also have found an application, for instance, in quantum error correction and cryptography. In a recent study (Demianowicz and Augusiak in Phys Rev A 98:012313, 2018), we have shown how GESs can be efficiently...

Analytical calculations of scattering lengths for a class of longrange potentials of interest for atomic physics
PublicationWe derive two equivalent analytical expressions for an $l$th partialwave scattering length $a_{l}$ for central potentials with longrange tails of the form % \begin{math} \displaystyle V(r)=\frac{\hbar^{2}}{2m}\frac{Br^{n4}}{(r^{n2}+R^{n2})^{2}} \frac{\hbar^{2}}{2m}\frac{C}{r^{2}(r^{n2}+R^{n2})}, \end{math} % ($r\geqslant r_{s}$, $R>0$). % For $C=0$, this family of potentials reduces to the Lenz potentials discussed in...

Carboxylation Enhances Fragmentation of Furan upon Resonant Electron Attachment
PublicationWe report a dissociative electron attachment study to 2furoic acid (C5H4O3) isolated in a gas phase, which is a model molecule consisting of a carboxylic group and a furan ring. Dissociation of furan by low energy electrons is accessible only via electronic excited Feshbach resonances at energies of incident electrons above 5 eV. On the other hand, carboxylic acids are well known to dissociate via attachment of electrons at subexcitation energies....

Changes of Conformation in Albumin with Temperature by Molecular Dynamics Simulations
PublicationThis work presents the analysis of the conformation of albumin in the temperature range of 300K – 312K, i.e., in the physiological range. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we calculate values of the backbone and dihedral angles for this molecule. We analyze the global dynamic properties of albumin treated as a chain. In this range of temperature, we study parameters of the molecule and the conformational entropy derived from...

Collisioninduced luminescence spectra of pyridine bombarded by 1000 eV He+ cations
PublicationHere we show collisioninduced luminescence spectra measured for collisions of the He+cations with thearomatic sixmembered ring of the pyridine molecule (C5H5N). Distinct emission bands due to the CH(A2Δ→X2Πr;B2Σ+→X2Πr;C2Σ+→X2Πr), CN(B2Σ+→X2Σ+), C2(d3Πg→a3Πu), and NH(A3Π→X3Σ−) transitions, aswell as atomic H, He, and C lines have been observed. Apart from the He atoms, all the emitters arise from thefragmentation of the pyridine...

CROSS SECTIONS CALCULATIONS FOR ELECTRON SCATTERING FROM RHODANINE AND CYANOACETIC ACID
PublicationCross sections for electronimpact ionization and for elastic electron scattering for rhodanine (C3H3NOS2) and cyanoacetic acid (C3H3NO2) have been calculated in wide impinging electron energy range.

Determination of energytransfer distributions in ionizing ionmolecule collisions
PublicationThe main objective of this study is to determine the energy transfer occuring in ionmolecule collisions. In order to solve this problem, we followed two approaches; the first one by validating a purely experimental method and the second one by testing a new theoretical model M3C (Microcanonical Metropolis Monte Carlo).

Dia and paramagnetic contributions to magnetizabilities of relativistic hydrogenlike atoms in some lowlying discrete energy eigenstates
PublicationIn this paper we present tabulated data for relative diamagnetic and paramagentic contributions to the magnetizability ($\chi$) of the relativistic hydrogenlike atoms with a pointlike, motionless and spinless nucleus of charge $Ze$. Utilizing general analytical formulas for the diamagnetic ($\chi_{d}$) and paramagnetic ($\chi_{p}$) components of $\chi$, recently derived by us [P. Stefa{\'n}ska, 2020] with the aid of the Gordon...

Dissociation of furan2carboxylic acid by low energy electrons
PublicationElectron attachment to molecular target can lead to a variety of negative fragment ions. We experi mentally probe the main dissociative electron attachment channels in furan2carboxylic acid (C3H3O2 − COOH)  a molecular target composed of two important structural units: a furan ring and a carboxylic group. In our studies we utilise nearly monoenergetic electrons at electron energies from 0 eV up to 15 eV. Our detection setup...

Dissociative electron attachment to benzoic acid (C7H6O2)
PublicationThe dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) has been studied using an experimental crossed beam setup of a quadrupole mass spectrometer and a trochoidal electron monochromator. Relative partial cross sections for the DEA to produce negative ion fragments show the main channels for dissociation. The comparison of the present results with the ultraviolet photoelectron spectrum of benzoic acid [J. Meeks,...

Dissociative photodoubleionization of the isoxazole molecules
PublicationThe fivemembered heterocyclic rings are incorporated into a wide variety of structures that play a vital role in many biochemical processes. In particular, the isoxazole molecule appears in many bioactive compounds due to its unique ring structure that consists of one oxygen atom and one nitrogen atom at adjacent positions. The unique atomic composition and bond arrangement of isoxazole imply its specific electronic properties...

Effect of band gap on power conversion efficiency of singlejunction semiconductor photovoltaic cells under white light phosphorbased LED illumination
PublicationOn the basis of the detailed balance principle, curves of efficiency limit of singlejunction photovoltaic cells at warm and cool white light phosphorbased LED bulbs with luminous efficacy exceeding 100 lm/W have been simulated. The effect of energy band gap and illuminance on the efficiencies at warm and cool light is discussed. The simulations carried out show that maximum power conversion efficiency at 1000 lx reaches 52.0%...

Effect of Different Bromine Sources on the Dual Cation Mixed Halide Perovskite Solar Cells
PublicationRecent research has shown that perovskite solar cells with a mixed dual Acation have much better structural stability without loss of efficiency than single cation devices. Mixed cation perovskites create a lot of questions about the salts being used for the formation of the bestquality layer. Here, we have investigated three sources of bromide in the perovskite absorption layer, using lead bromide (PbBr2), formamidinium bromide...

Electronimpact ionization cross section calculations for 5chloropyridine and 5bromopyridine molecules
PublicationThe total cross sections for the single electronimpact ionization of 5chloropyridine (5C5H4ClN) and 5bromopyridine (5C5H4BrN) molecules have been calculated using binaryencounterBethe method for electron energies ranging from the ionization threshold up to 5 keV.

Electronimpact ionization cross section calculations for selected ribonucleosides
PublicationTotal cross sections for the single electronimpact ionization of selected ribonuclosides (guanosine, adenosine, cytidine and uridine) have been calculated for electron energies ranging from the ionization threshold up to 5 keV.

Enhanced trapassisted recombination in organic semiconductors
PublicationAn analytical model to describe the interaction of excitons and charge transfer states with deep traps is formulated for the case of molecular materials. Here, we have considered the influence of a trapassisted recombination on this phenomenon. The final expression for the effective recombination rate has been derived from the Shockley–Read–Hall theory and kinetic equations which characterize different photophysical processes....

Evolution of Ag nanostructures created from thin films: UV–vis absorption and its theoretical predictions
PublicationAgbased plasmonic nanostructures were manufactured by thermal annealing of thin metallic films. Structure and morphology were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), highresolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and Xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). SEM images show that the formation of nanostructures is influenced by the initial layer thickness as well as the...

Excited states of isoxazole molecules studied by electron energyloss spectroscopy
PublicationElectron energyloss spectra were measured in isoxazole in the excitation energy range 3.5−10 eV to investigate the valence excited states. Spectra recorded at different scattering conditions enabled the identification of the singlet and triplet states and the determination of their vertical excitation energies. The two lowest energy triplet bands, ππ* 13A' and ππ* 23A' at 4.20 and 5.30 eV, respectively show vibrational progressions....

Hybrid TiO2–Polyaniline Photocatalysts and their Application in Building Gypsum Plasters
PublicationHybrid materials of conjugated polymer and titanium(IV) oxide have attracted considerable attention concerning their potential benefits, including (i) ecient exploitation of visible light, (ii) a high adsorption capacity for organic contaminants, (iii) and eective charge carriers separation. The new class of the photocatalysts is promising for the removal of environmental pollutants in both aqueous and gaseous phases. For the first...

Hysteresis curves for some periodic and aperiodic perturbations in magnetosonic flow
PublicationA thermodynamic relation between perturbations of pressure and mass density in the magnetohydrodynamic flow is theoretically studied. Planar magnetohydrodynamic perturbations with the wave vector, which forms a constant angle with the equilibrium magnetic field, are under study. The theory considers thermal conduction of a plasma and the deviation from adiabaticity of a flow due to some kind of heating–cooling function. It also...

Impact of the trap–assisted recombination in the perovskite solar cells
PublicationTo achieve the highest performance using perovskite solar cells it is necessary to understand all the dominant mechanisms which affect the operation of solar cell. Here, we have investigated the bulk and interface trap–assisted recombination processes in the solar cells with p–i–n architecture. These studies are based on the numerical and experimental methods to get better understanding of these physical processes. The following results...

Improved degradation of etodolac in the presence of coreshell ZnFe2O4/SiO2/TiO2 magnetic photocatalyst
PublicationIn the present study, susceptibility to photocatalytic degradation of etodolac, 1,8diethyl1,3,4,9 – tetrahydro pyran  [3,4b] indole1acetic acid, which is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug frequently detected in an aqueous environment, was for the first time investigated. The obtained ptype TiO2based photocatalyst coupled with zinc ferrite nanoparticles in a coreshell structure improves the separation and recovery...

Interaction of 4nitrothiophenol with low energy electrons: Implications for plasmon mediated reactions
PublicationThe reduction of 4nitrothiophenol (NTP) to 44′dimercaptoazobenzene (DMAB) on laser illuminated noble metal nanoparticles is one of the most widely studied plasmon mediated reactions. The reaction is most likely triggered by a transfer of low energy electrons from the nanoparticle to the adsorbed molecules. Besides the formation of DMAB, dissociative side reactions of NTP have also been observed. Here, we present a crossed electronmolecular...

Low energy differential elastic electron scattering from trichloromethane
PublicationExperimental differential cross sections for low energy electron scattering from trichloromethane is measured utilizing a crossed electronmolecular beam experiment via the relative flow method, for the incident electron energies in the range of E = 0.5 eV30 eV and the scattering angles in the range of θ = 10◦ − 130◦ .

Low energy elastic electron scattering from benzonitrile (C6H5CN)
PublicationWe present experimental differential elastic scattering cross sections (DCSs) for low energy electron scattering from benzonitrile along with integral and momentumtransfer cross sections that are determined from these DCSs. The measurements of DCSs are obtained using the relative flow method with helium as the standard gas, in a crossed electronmolecular gas beam arrangement. Our measurements are made at incident electron energies...

Low energy electron mass stopping power in H2
PublicationWe present experimental mass stopping powers of electrons in gaseous H2 obtained with a newly developed electron timeofflight spectrometer, for the incident electron energy range of 10eV to 25eV. In our procedure the average energy loss is derived from our conversion of measured electron timeofflight spectra into equivalent electron energy loss spectra so as to obtain the values of mass stopping power for electron scattering...

Low energy inelastic electron scattering from carbon monoxide: I. excitation of the a3Π, a’3Σ+ and AΠ1 electronic states.
PublicationDifferential scattering cross sections for electron excitation of the three lowest excited electron states of carbon monoxide are obtained experimentally using lowenergy electron energyloss spectroscopy and theoretically using the Rmatrix method. The incident electron energies range from nearthreshold of 6.3 eV to 20 eV. Experimental scattering angles range from 20◦ to 120◦. The normalization of the experimental cross sections...

Magnetoacoustic Heating of Plasma Caused by Periodic MagnetosoundPerturbations with Discontinuities in a QuasiIsentropic Magnetic Gas
PublicationThe magnetoacoustic heating of plasma by harmonic or periodic sawtooth perturbations at a transducer is theoretically studied. The planar fast and slow magnetosound waves are considered. The wavevector may form an arbitrary angleθwith the equilibrium straight magnetic field. In view of variableθand plasmaβ, the description of magnetosound perturbations and appropriate magnetosound heatingis fairly difficult. The scenario of...

Methylation effect in e−— scattering on methylsubstituted ethylenes
PublicationMethylation effect has been observed and studied in electronscattering from selected hydrocarbon molecules. In measured total cross section (TCS) functions we have noticed energy shifts and changes in the intensity of observed structures.

NonDiophantine Arithmetics in Mathematics, Physics and Psychology
PublicationFor a long time, all thought there was only one geometry — Euclidean geometry. Nevertheless, in the 19th century, many nonEuclidean geometries were discovered. It took almost two millennia to do this. This was the major mathematical discovery and advancement of the 19th century, which changed understanding of mathematics and the work of mathematicians providing innovative insights and tools for mathematical research and applications...

NonLinear Interaction of Harmonic Waves in a QuasiIsentropic Flowof Magnetic Gas
PublicationThe diversity of wave modes in the magnetic gas gives rise to a wide variety of nonlinear phenomenaassociated with these modes. We focus on the planar fast and slow magnetosound waves in the geometryof a flow where the wave vector forms an arbitrary angleθwith the equilibrium straight magnetic field.Nonlinear distortions of a modulated signal in the magnetic gas are considered and compared to thatin unmagnetised gas. The case of...

NonNewtonian Mathematics Instead of NonNewtonian Physics: Dark Matter and Dark Energy from a Mismatch of Arithmetics
PublicationNewtonian physics is based on Newtonian calculus applied to Newtonian dynamics. New paradigms such as ‘modified Newtonian dynamics’ (MOND) change the dynamics, but do not alter the calculus. However, calculus is dependent on arithmetic, that is the ways we add and multiply numbers. For example, in special relativity we add and subtract velocities by means of addition β1⊕β2=tanh(tanh−1(β1)+tanh−1(β2)), although multiplication β1⊙β2=tanh(tanh−1(β1)⋅tanh−1(β2)),...

On description of periodic magnetosonic perturbations in a quasiisentropic plasma with mechanical and thermal losses and electrical resistivity
PublicationMagnetosonic periodic perturbations in a uniform and infinite plasma model are considered. Damping due to compressional viscosity, electrical resistivity, and thermal conduction are taken into account, as well as some heating–cooling function, which may destroy the isentropicity of wave perturbations. The wave vector forms arbitrary angle h with the equilibrium straight magnetic field, and all perturbations are functions...

Polarimetric studies of Largininedoped potassium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals
PublicationConoscopic interference patterns, channelled spectra and polarimetric techniques have been used for the characterization of pure and doped (with Larginine amino acid) potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) single crystals. Experimental polarimetric data have been obtained for the frequently used wavelength of 633 nm and for two close wavelengths of 532 and 543 nm in a highaccuracy dualwavelength polarimeter. The measurement of...

Positron Scattering and Annihilation in Organic Molecules
PublicationIn this paper, we address the problem of connecting positron lifetimes in liquids with collision cross sections in gases. We present the analyses of annihilation lifetime spectra of positrons in the liquid benzene, chexane, nhexane, methanol and ethanol and calculations of scattering cross sections of positrons with benzene and chexane in the gas phase.

Preparation and Characterization of Defective TiO2. The Effect of the Reaction Environment on Titanium Vacancies Formation
PublicationAmong various methods of improving visible light activity of titanium(IV) oxide, the formation of defects and vacancies (both oxygen and titanium) in the crystal structure of TiO2 is an easy and relatively cheap alternative to improve the photocatalytic activity. In the presented work, visible light active defective TiO2 was obtained by the hydrothermal reaction in the presence of three different oxidizing agents: HIO3, H2O2, and...

Recent total cross section measurements in electron scattering from molecules
PublicationThe grandtotal cross sections (TCSs) for electron scattering from a range of molecules, measured over the period 20092019 in various laboratories, with the use of different electron transmission systems, are reviewed. Where necessary, the presented TCS data are also compared to earlier results. Collection of investigated molecular targets (biomolecules, biofuels, molecules of technological application,hydrocarbons) reflects their...

Role of methylation in electron scattering on X(CH3)4 (X = C, Si, Ge) molecules
PublicationTotal cross sections (TCS) for lowenergy electron scattering from X(CH3)4 (where X = C, Si, Ge) molecules have been measured using linear transmission method. Present results and those obtained previously for XH4 molecules were used to determine how methylation of the target is reflected in TCS energy dependence.

Role of methylation in electron scattering on X(CH3)4 (X= C, Si, Ge) molecules (2)
PublicationTo investigate how replacement of H atom with methyl group (CH3) – in tetrahedral compounds of carbon, silicon and germanium – affects electron scattering process, total cross sections (TCS) for electron scattering from C(CH3)4, Si(CH3)4 and Ge(CH3)4 molecules have been compared with data for CH4, SiH4 and GeH4 molecules. All examined data have been obtained with the same experimental setup. The shape of all discussed TCS energy...

Role of surface recombination in perovskite solar cells at the interface of HTL/CH3NH3PbI3
PublicationIn order to achieve the highest performance of organometal trihalide perovskite solar cells, it is required to recognize the dominant mechanisms which play a key role in a perovskite material. In the following studies, we have focused on the interfacial recombination between the hole transporting layer (HTL) and the perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 in solar cell devices with p–i–n architecture. It has been shown that Cu:NiOx : used as HTL...

Rotational statechanging collisions of C2H− and C2N− anions with He under interstellar and cold ion trap conditions: A computational comparison
PublicationWe present an extensive range of quantum calculations for the statechanging rotational dynamics involving two simple molecular anions that are expected to play some role in the evolutionary analysis of chemical networks in the interstellar environments, C2H− (X1Σ+) and C2N− (X3Σ−), but for which inelastic rates are only known for C2H−. The same systems are also of direct interest in modeling selective photodetachment experiments...

Simulations of hydrofracking in rock mass at mesoscale using fully coupled DEM/CFD approach
PublicationThe paper deals with twodimensional (2D) numerical modelling of hydrofracking (hydraulic fracturing) in rocks at the mesoscale. A numerical model was developed to characterize the properties of fluiddriven fractures in rocks by combining the discrete element method (DEM) with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The mechanical behaviour of the rock matrix was simulated with DEM and the behaviour of the fracturing fluid flow...

Synthesis and hydrogen evolving catalysis of a panchromatic photochemical molecular device
PublicationA dinuclear hydrogen evolution photocatalyst [(tbbpy)2Os(tpphz)PtI2](PF6)2 (tbbpy = 4,4′tertbutyl2,2′bipyridine; tpphz = tetrapyrido[3,2a:2′,3′c:2′′,3′′h:2′′′,3′′′j]phenazine) is synthesized in order to make use of the broader range of visible light absorption mitigated by the osmium center. In a first step, the activity of the complex for hydrogen evolution is investigated by evaluating the role of different electron donors...

The Quantum Efficiency RollOff Effect in NearInfrared Organic Electroluminescent Devices with Iridium Complexes Emitters
PublicationThe electroluminescence quantum efficiency rolloff in iridium(III)based complexes, namely Ir(iqbt)2(dpm) and Ir(iqbt)3(iqbt=1 (benzo[b]thiophen2yl)isoquinolinate, dpm=2,2,6,6tetramethyl3,5heptanedionate) utilized as nearinfrared emitters in organic light emitting diodes with remarkable external quantum efficiencies, up to circa 3%, 1.5% and 1%, are measured and analyzed. With a 5–6 weight % of emitters embedded...

Theoretical and experimental study on scattering of lowenergy electrons by dimethyl and diethyl ethers
PublicationWe report a joint theoretical and experimental investigation on lowenergy electron scattering by dimethyl and diethyl ethers. The experimental elastic differential cross sections were measured at impact energies from 1 eV up to 30 eV and scattering angle range of 10◦ to 130◦. Theoretical elastic differential, integral and momentumtransfer cross sections are calculated at impact energies up to 30 eV, employing the Schwinger multichannel...

Total cross section measurements for electron scattering from tin(IV) chloride (SnCl4)
PublicationTotal cross section for electron scattering from SnCl4 molecules has been measured for energies from 0.6 to 300 eV. Obtained results have been compared with total cross sections for electron scattering from other tetrachloride molecules: XCl4 where X=C, Si, Ge.

Understanding the formation of metastable furan dication in collisions with ions
PublicationThis work relies on complementary theoretical and experimental studies of the processes induced by ionfuran collisions. Results of the Molecular Dynamics simulations and exploration of the energy profiles combined with coincidence mass spectrometry provide complete picture of the fragmentation of furan dication.

Unifying Aspects of Generalized Calculus
PublicationNonNewtonian calculus naturally unifies various ideas that have occurred over the years in the field of generalized thermostatistics, or in the borderland between classical and quantum information theory. The formalism, being very general, is as simple as the calculus we know from undergraduate courses of mathematics. Its theoretical potential is huge, and yet it remains unknown or unappreciated.