Zdzisław Sikorski - Science profile - MOST Wiedzy

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  • The microbial and sensory quality of mackerel hot smoked in mild conditions

    The quality indices of Atlantic mackerel, hot smoked at core temperature not exceeding 60°C, containing 14–27 g salt and 580–670 g water per kg meat, was determined just after smoking and during storage. The aerobic plate count after smoking, chilling and packing in cardboard boxes was 0–12 cfu/25 cm2of the skin of the smoked fish and 10–240 cfu/g of flesh. It was 1.9 log cycle lower than that in the frozen raw material. At 2°C,...

  • Principles of smoking

    Treatment of a large variety of foods with wood smoke has been practiced for centuries—predominantlymeats, poultry, and fish, but also scallops, cheeses, prunes, paprika, and themalt used to produce whiskey and some sorts of beer.The process usually includes salting and partial drying; it may also be coupled with heating. The aim is to increase the shelf life of the products, prevent food poisoning, and add a desirable smoky flavor....

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  • Smoking: Traditional

    Smoking, drying, and salting belong to the oldest methods of food preservation. Meat hung by the fire was preserved by a combination of drying and smoking. Often the raw material was first pickled in brine. In different regions of the world various procedures have been developed, best suited for treating meats and fish for specific purposes. Smoking extended the shelf life and imparted very desirable, new sensory properties to...

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