The increasing use of bio-based fuels and fuel additives, among them biodiesel, causes significant surplus of crude glycerol on the market which creates new challenges in terms of its sustainable utilization. A lot of ways for the incorporation of this by-product into different branches of industry requires purification by expensive and complicated processes. Therefore, researchers are seeking for applications of untreated crude...
The influence of crude glycerol and castor oil-based polyol on the structure and performance of rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams
In this work, biopolyol obtained from two types of industrial crops’ processing products: crude glycerol and castor oil was used for preparation or rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams. Bio-based polyol was obtained via crude glycerol polymerization and further condensation of resulting polyglycerol with castor oil. Rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams were prepared at partial substitution (0–70 wt.%) of petrochemical...
Rigid polyurethane foams (rPUs) were synthesized by replacing 35 and 70 wt.% of petrochemical polyol with polyglycerol. Two types of polyglycerol with different molecular weights and hydroxyl numbers were used to obtain new ‘‘green’’ polyurethane–polyglycerol foams. The foams were prepared by a single step method for the ratio of NCO/OH groups equal to 2. rPUs synthesized with polyglycerol showed regular cellular structure, with...
wyświetlono 327 razy