In the practice of credit-risk management, the models for receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves are helpful in describing the shape of an ROC curve, estimating the discriminatory power of a scorecard, and generating ROC curves without underlying data. The primary purpose of this study is to review the ROC curve models proposed in the literature, primarily in biostatistics, and to fit them to actual credit-scoring ROC data...
Bifractal receiver operating characteristic curves: a formula for generating receiver operating characteristic curves in credit-scoring contexts
This paper formulates a mathematical model for generating receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves without underlying data. Credit scoring practitioners know that the Gini coefficient usually drops if it is only calculated on cases above the cutoff. This fact is not a mathematical necessity, however, as it is theoretically possible to get an ROC curve that keeps the same Gini coefficient no matter how big a share of lowest...
We propose a simulation model of the retail lending market with two types of agents: borrowers searching for low interest rates and lenders competing through risk-based pricing. We show that individual banks observe adverse selection, even if every lender applies the same pricing strategy and a credit scoring model of comparable discrimination power. Additionally, the model justifies the reverse-S shape of the response rate curve....
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