Public Perception of Intangible Benefits and Costs in the Valuation of Mega Sports Events: The Case of Euro 2012 in Poland
This article estimates the intangible benefits and costs of Euro 2012 in Poland. Using the contingent valuation method (CVM), a study was conducted among residents of all four host regions of the event and one nonhost region. This provided the basis for determining the net intangible benefit arising from Poland’s hosting of the European football championships (Euro 2012), which was estimated at 5.3 billion PLN2012. The aggregate...
This study evaluates the performance of Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) by using various tracking error calculation approaches. The aim of the paper is, on the one hand, an evaluation of the performance of ETFs relative to their benchmarking indexes and, on the other, an endeavour to specify any relationship between this performance and both geographical location and the degree of market development. The research was conducted on...
Purpose In the study, an attempt was made to estimate the social benefits resulting from three non-mega sporting events organized in Ergo Arena located on the border of two cities in Poland. By attributing a value to intangible social benefits, the intangible effect was determined and compared to the expenditure incurred in the construction of Ergo Arena Hall. Design/methodology/approach In order to value social intangible effects...
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