Construction and building materials
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Asphalt concrete subjected to long-time loading at low temperatures – Deviations from the time-temperature superposition principlePublikacja
The article presents the observed deviations from the time-temperature superposition principle of asphalt concretes, tested in the bending beam creep test at low temperatures for a long time of loading. In almost all tested asphalt concretes, deviations appeared after 500 s of loading at the temperature of -10 C. Some types of bitumen presented deviations at other temperatures – usually the harder the grade of the bitumen, the...
Influence of cooling rate and additives on low-temperature properties of asphalt mixtures in the TSRSTPublikacja
The paper presents the results and analysis of low-temperature properties of asphalt mixtures according to Thermal Stress Restrained Specimen Test (TSRST) and Indirect Tensile Test methods. Different groups of bitumen were investigated: neat, SBS-modified and highly SBS-modified. Influence of cooling rates (1 C/h, 3 C/h, 5 C/h and 10 C/h) and additives (aramid fibres and crumb rubber) was identified as well. Moreover, for each...
Possibilities and benefits of a new method of modifying conventional building materials with phase-change materials (PCMs)Publikacja
The paper presents a current study devoted to the optimization of the amount of PCM present within traditional building materials, utilized in this case in hollow-brick walls. Authors focus on proposing an alternative to typical direct addition of PCM to existing building materials: introducing two- and three-component mixtures, based on a porous PCM carrier, which in this case was construction aggregate. Preliminary studies of...
Reference-free determination of debonding length in reinforced concrete beams using guided wave propagationPublikacja
This paper presents theoretical and experimental investigations of guided wave propagation in reinforced concrete beams, with pre-existing debonding between steel rebars and concrete blocks, for the purpose of damage detection. The primary aim of these investigations was a detailed analysis of the possible applications of wave propagation in single and multiple debonding detection in reinforced concrete structures and reference-free...
Application of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy to evaluate cathodically protected coated steel in seawaterPublikacja
Two types of organic coated carbon steel (S235JR2 grade) electrodes were exposed to artificial seawater environment. One prepared type was defect free while the other one had an intentionally introduced φ0,5 cm coating defect. Both kinds of samples were polarized during the exposure to four potentials corresponding to four different cathodic protection levels. Evolution of their EIS spectra is presented in this paper. Results obtained...
This paper deals with theoretical, numerical and experimental investigations of guided wave propagation in multilayered cylindrical bars with pre-existing debonding. The research focuses on a complex description of the nature of the wave phenomena occurring in a debonded specimen with a special emphasis on the influence of the location of damage on the wave conversion and diffraction. Experimental non-destructive and destructive...
Mechanical and fracture properties of concrete reinforced with recycled and industrial steel fibers using Digital Image Correlation technique and X-ray micro computed tomographyPublikacja
Paper presents investigation of fracture phenomenon in plain concrete and in concrete reinforced with both recycled steel fibers (RSF) and industrial steel fibers (ISF). The wedge splitting test (WST), which enables stable crack propagation for quasi-brittle materials, was carried out on 75 75 75 mm cube samples. Initially, fracture process zone development was investigated only on the surface of samples using Digital Image Correlation...
Comparison of low-temperature cracks intensity on pavements with high modulus asphalt concrete and conventional asphalt concrete basesPublikacja
High modulus asphalt concrete (HMAC) base courses provide very good resistance to rutting and fatigue but they can increase the risk of low-temperature cracking as compared with conventional asphalt concrete (AC). The article presents the comparison of these two road materials in terms of low-temperature cracking. The statistical method based on the ordered logistic regression model was used. The analysis was based on results of...
Waste poly(ethylene terephthalate) (wPET)/ground tire rubber (GTR) blends with variable compositions were applied as low-cost modifiers into bitumen and their performance has been evaluated via morphological, thermal and rheological analyses. Depending on the weight ratio of wPET/GTR, dispersion of single/composite domains of waste polymers in the bitumen has promoted the interaction between bitumen and blend components. Fourier...
Rubber products, especially those used in the automotive industry, are responsible for a significant amount of waste, mainly in the form of worn tyres. One way to recycle tyres is to use them as an asphalt binder modifier. The properties of rubber-asphalt binders vary greatly depending on the morphology of the ground tyre rubber (GTR) grains and the type of tyre to be recycled (car/truck). The paper presents the results of research...
This publication presents evaluation of long-term behavior of mineral-cement-emulsion (MCE) mixtures. MCE mixtures are among the major products of cold recycling of old asphalt pavements. They are composed by binding of the old materials reclaimed from the pavement and new mineral aggregate using two different binding agents – cement and bituminous emulsion. While bituminous emulsion dissolutes and binds materials quite fast, it...
Thermal stabilization and permanent deformation resistance of LWA/PCM-modified asphalt road surfacesPublikacja
This paper presents the results of attempts at reducing the problem of solar overheating of asphalt road pavement surfaces, resulting in weakening and accelerated destruction of the aforementioned structures. To protect pavement surfaces against periodic overheating, standard asphalt mixture AC 16 W 35/50, used for binder course, has been modified by replacing one of the aggregate fractions from the mineral mixture with lightweight...
Time evolution of Electrochemical Impedance spectra of cathodically protected steel in artificial seawaterPublikacja
Usability of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy data for better cathodic protection control was investigated. Carbon steel – S235JR2 grade specimen were exposed in artificial seawater environment. Samples were polarized and their potentials corresponded to four different cathodic protection degrees. Time evolution of Electrochemical Impedance spectra was investigated. Goodness of fit function (X2) was analysed in terms of proper...
Assessment of microstructure, physical and thermal properties of bitumen modified with LDPE/GTR/elastomer ternary blendsPublikacja
LDPE/GTR/elastomer ternary blends with variable LDPE/GTR ratio and constant elastomer content were prepared via melt-compounding. Obtained LDPE/GTR/elastomer blends were applied as thermoplastic modifiers into bitumen. Microstructure, physical and thermal properties of the modified bitumen were determined. It was observed that chemical composition of LDPE/GTR/elastomer blends has significant influence on their density and rheological...
Mechanical properties of Precontraint 1202S coated fabric under biaxial tensile test with different load ratiosPublikacja
The paper describes a method of laboratory tests necessary for identifying the mechanical properties of polyester coated fabrics named Precontraint 1202S with PVDF surface treatment. Two sets of initial material parameters for dense net model and orthotropic model are specified. Material parameters for Precontraint 1202S coated fabric are specified on the basis of the biaxial tensile tests for different load ratios. In order to...
This paper concerns an inspection of a water supply system, made of AISI 304 steel, which showed signs of local corrosion at the weld. Such corrosion caused material perforation after very short periods of operation. It was revealed that steel was sensitised during the welding process. It was also proven that chromium micro-segregation occurred in the alloy leading to galvanic cell formation which initialised the process of pitting...
Influence of low-temperature physical hardening on stiffness and tensile strength of asphalt concrete and stone mastic asphaltPublikacja
This paper presents laboratory testing of stiffness modulus and indirect tensile strength of three asphalt concrete (AC) and three stone mastic asphalt (SMA) mixes after isothermal storage at temperature of -20oC, at different time intervals up to 16 days. The tests under repeated dynamic loading showed physical hardening of all tested mixes which was manifested by an evident increase of their stiffness moduli after isothermal...
In this paper, laboratory tests necessary for the identification of non-linear elastic immediate properties of the PVC coated polyester fabric (like AF 9032) are described. The material parameters are specified on the basis of the uniaxial tensile tests in the warp and weft directions as well as on the base of the biaxial tensile tests. For the identification process techniques based on the least squares method are used. The authors...
Simultaneous impedance and volumetric studies and additionally potentiodynamic polarization measurements of molasses as a carbon steel corrosion inhibitor in 1M hydrochloric acid solutionPublikacja
The inhibition effect of molasses on the corrosion of low carbon steel in 1M hydrochloric acid solution was investigated by volumetric and electrochemical measurements. Potentiodynamic polarization and dynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (DEIS) results were obtained and compared with to those, obtained with the hydrogen evolution technique. All results indicate that molasses functioned as a good inhibitor in 1M hydrochloric...
Electrochemical investigations on the corrosion behaviour of reinforcing steel in diatomite- and zeolite-containing concrete exposed to sulphuric acidPublikacja
Corrosion is a major concern for most structural applications. Its detrimental effect significantly reduces the life of metallic components. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation of corrosion in the steel reinforcement of concrete samples having three different substituents: 20% diatomite, 20% zeolite, and a reference without zeolite or diatomite. All concrete specimens were subjected to a solution of...
W pracy podano propozycję nieliniowego modelowania zachowania się tkaniny technicznej. Podano wyniki identyfikacji i zweryfikowano poprzez numeryczną symulację prób laboratoryjnych
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