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Prace opublikowane w tym czasopiśmie
Computationally-efficient design optimisation of antennas by accelerated gradient search with sensitivity and design change monitoringPublikacja
Electromagnetic (EM) simulation tools are of primary importance in the design of contemporary antennas. The necessity of accurate performance evaluation of complex structures is a reason why the final tuning of antenna dimensions, aimed at improvement of electrical and field characteristics, needs to be based on EM analysis. Design automation is highly desirable and can be achieved by coupling EM solvers with numerical optimisation...
Bandwidth-size design trade-offs for compact spline-parameterised patch couplers by means of electromagnetic-driven multi-objective optimisationPublikacja
Broad bandwidth and small size are the key performance figures for contemporary microwave couplers. These requirements are conflicting, i.e. improvement of one generally leads to degradation of the other assuming fixed topology of the circuit at hand. From a designer's perspective, the knowledge about available design trade-offs is indispensable as it permits for tailoring the circuit for particular applications as well as comparing...
Constrained optimization for generating gain-bandwidth design trade-offs of wideband unidirectional antennasPublikacja
Broadband unidirectional antennas realised in microstrip technology find applications in many wireless communication systems. One of their design challenges is the necessity of handling multiple performance figures which is difficult when using traditional design methods, largely based on parameter sweeping. This work presents a simple optimisation-based framework that permits generation of gain-bandwidth trade-off designs for...
In this work, the problem of computationally efficient frequency scaling (re-design) of circular polarisation antennas is addressed using surrogate-assisted techniques. The task is challenging and requires the identification of the optimum geometry parameters to enable the operation of the re-designed structure at a selected (required) centre frequency. This involves handling several performance figures such as the antenna gain,...
Reduced-cost electromagnetic-driven optimisation of antenna structures by means of trust-region gradient-search with sparse Jacobian updatesPublikacja
Numerical optimisation plays more and more important role in the antenna design. Because of lack of design-ready theoretical models, electromagnetic (EM)-simulation-driven adjustment of geometry parameters is a necessary step of the design process. At the same time, traditional parameter sweeping cannot handle complex topologies and large number of design variables. On the other hand, high computational cost of the conventional...
Variable-fidelity response feature surrogates for accelerated statistical analysis and yield estimation of compact microwave componentsPublikacja
Accounting for manufacturing tolerances is an essential part of a reliable microwave design process. Yet, quantification of geometry and/or material parameter uncertainties is challenging at the level of full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulation models. This is due to inherently high cost of EM analysis and massive simulations necessary to conduct the statistical analysis. Here, a low-cost and accurate yield estimation procedure...
Abstract: Information regarding the best possible design trade-offs of an antenna structure can be obtained through multiobjective optimisation (MO). Unfortunately, MO is extremely challenging if full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulation models are used for performance evaluation. Yet, for the majority of contemporary antennas, EM analysis is the only tool that ensures reliability. This study introduces a procedure for accelerated...
Expedite EM-driven generation of Pareto-optimal trade-off curves for variable-turn on-chip inductorsPublikacja
This work presents a novel approach to computationally efficient Pareto front identification for variable-turn on-chip inductors. The final outcome is a set of solutions that correspond to the best trade-offs between conflicting design objectives. Here, we consider minimising inductor area and, simultaneously, maximising its quality factor, while maintaining a specified inductance value at a given operating frequency. As opposed...
Low-cost and reliable geometry scaling of compact microstrip couplers with respect to operating frequency, power split ratio, and dielectric substrate parametersPublikacja
A technique for rapid re-design of miniaturised microstrip couplers with respect to operating conditions as well as material parameters of the dielectric substrate is proposed. The dimension scaling process is based on a set of pre-optimised reference designs, obtained for an equivalent circuit model of the coupler at hand. The reference designs are utilised to construct an inverse surrogate model which – upon suitable correction...
Low-fidelity model considerations for simulation-based optimisation of miniaturised wideband antennasPublikacja
Here, variable-fidelity electromagnetic (EM)-based design optimisation of miniaturised antennas is discussed. The authors focus on an appropriate selection of discretisation density of the low-fidelity EM model, which results in good performance of the optimisation algorithm in terms of its computational complexity and reliability. Trust-region gradient search with low-fidelity model corrected by means of non-linear frequency scaling...
Multi-fidelity EM simulations and constrained surrogate modelling for low-cost multi-objective design optimisation of antennasPublikacja
In this study, a technique for low-cost multi-objective design optimisation of antenna structures has been proposed. The proposed approach is an enhancement of a recently reported surrogate-assisted technique exploiting variable-fidelity electromagnetic (EM) simulations and auxiliary kriging interpolation surrogate, the latter utilised to produce the initial approximation of the Pareto set. A bottleneck of the procedure for higher-dimensional...
Simulation-driven size-reduction-oriented design of multi-band antennas by means of response featuresPublikacja
This study addresses the problem of explicit size reduction of multi-band antennas by means of simulation-driven optimisation. The principal difficulty of electromagnetic (EM)-based miniaturisation of multi-band antennas is that several resonances have to be controlled independently (both in terms of their frequency allocation and depth) while attempting to reduce physical dimensions of the structure at hand. The design method...
Reliable low-cost surrogate modeling and design optimisation of antennas using implicit space mapping with substrate segmentationPublikacja
Abstract: In this work, a reliable methodology for fast simulation-driven design optimisation of antenna structures is proposed. The authors’ approach exploits implicit space mapping (ISM) technology. To adopt it for handling antenna structures, they introduce substrate segmentation with separate dielectric permittivity value assigned for each segment as ISM preassigned parameters. At the same time, the coarse model for space mapping...
Rapid multi-objective design optimisation of compact microwave couplers by means of physics-based surrogatesPublikacja
The authors introduce a methodology for fast multi-objective design optimisation of miniaturised microwave couplers. The approach exploits the surrogate-based optimisation paradigm with an underlying low-fidelity model constructed from an equivalent circuit of the structure under consideration, corrected through implicit and frequency space mapping. A fast prediction tool obtained this way is subsequently optimised by a multi-objective...
Rapid simulation-driven design of miniaturised dual-band microwave couplers by means of adaptive response scalingPublikacja
One of the major challenges in the design of compact microwave structures is the necessity of simultaneous handling of several objectives and the fact that expensive electromagnetic (EM) analysis is required for their reliable evaluation. Design of multi-band circuits where performance requirements are to be satisfied for several frequencies at the same time is even more difficult. In this work, a computationally efficient design...
Accelerated simulation-driven design optimisation of compact couplers by means of two-level space mappingPublikacja
In this study, the authors discuss a robust and efficient technique for rapid design of compact couplers. The approach exploits two-level space mapping (SM) correction of an equivalent circuit model of the coupler structure under design. The first SM layer (local correction) is utilised to ensure good matching between the equivalent circuit and the electromagnetic model at the component level. Subsequent global correction allows...
This study presents a hybrid technique for the analysis of circular waveguide junctions loaded with axially symmetrical ferrite posts of irregular shape. The method is based on a combination of the finite-difference frequency- domain technique with a mode-matching technique. The proposed approach is validated by comparing the presented results with numerical ones obtained from commercial software. The application of a cylindrical...
Rapid design of miniaturised branch-line couplers through concurrent cell optimisation and surrogate-assisted fine-tuningPublikacja
In this study, the authors introduce a methodology for low-cost simulation-driven design optimisation of highly miniaturised branch-line couplers (BLCs). The first stage of their design approach exploits fast concurrent optimisation of geometrically dependent, but electromagnetically isolated cells that constitute a BLC. The cross-coupling effects between the cells are taken into account in the second stage, where a surrogate-assisted...
A robust simulation-driven design methodology of microwave circuits with complex topologies has been presented. The general method elaborated is suitable for a wide class of N-port unconventional microwave circuits constructed as a deviation from classic design solutions. The key idea of the approach proposed lies in an iterative redesign of a conventional circuit by a sequential modification and optimisation of its atomic building...
This study describes a concept of a novel microstrip directional coupler for differential signal decoupling, which can be used to digital signal overhearing on printed-circuit-boards. The complete design method is proposed with rules given analytically. Considered methodology is suitable for synthesis of couplers with low coupling factors, which have negligible influence on the transmission in main line. Theoretical considerations...
Development of a compact microstrip resonant cell aimed at efficient microwave component size reductionPublikacja
A comprehensive comparison of a wide collection of compact microstrip resonant cells (CMRCs) found in the extensive body of literature has been presented. The evaluation of different CMRC designs has led to the selection of the most promising CMRC geometry for the efficient miniaturisation of modern microwave components. In order to showcase the vital effectiveness of the approach, the initially selected CMRC has been notably...
Local response surface approximations and variable-fidelity electromagnetic simulations for computationally efficient microwave design optimisationPublikacja
In this study, the authors propose a robust and computationally efficient algorithm for simulation-driven design optimisation of microwave structures. Our technique exploits variable-fidelity electromagnetic models of the structure under consideration. The low-fidelity model is optimised using its local response surface approximation surrogates. The high-fidelity model is refined by space mapping with polynomial interpolation of...
Artykuł prezentuje metodologię dokładnego modelowania struktur mikrofalowych. Jest to zmodyfikowana wersja techniki opartej na procedurze przewidywania odpowiedzi z zachowaniem kształtu (shape-preserving response prediction, SPRP), która oszacowuje odpowiedź struktury mikrofalowej otrzymanej poprzez kosztowną obliczeniowo symulację elektromagnetyczną za pomocą taniego obliczeniowo modelu tejże struktury. Modyfikacja polega na wykorzystaniu...
Analysis of scattering from arbitrary configuration of elliptical obstacles using T-matrix representationPublikacja
W artykule przedstawiono nową metodę analizy zjawiska rozpraszania dla dowolnej konfiguracji obiektów eliptycznych. Przedstawione podejście, dotyczącego pojedynczego obiektu, oparte jest na połączeniu analizy w układzie eliptycznym i cylindrycznym. W analizie wielu obiektów wykorzystana została procedura iteracyjna. Uzyskane wyniki zostały zweryfikowane przy wykorzystaniu oprogramowania komercyjnego.
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