Science of the total environment
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Analytical procedures for short chain chlorinated paraffins determination - How to make them greener?Publikacja
The aim of the following paper was to gather current scientific information about the analytical protocols dedicated to measuring the content level of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) in various types of environmental samples. Moreover, the data about the basic validation parameters of applied procedures for SCCPs determination are listed. The main issue which is highlighted in the paper is the possibility of the application...
Environmental characteristics of a tundra river system in Svalbard. Part 1: Bacterial abundance, community structure and nutrient levelsPublikacja
The Arctic hosts a set of unique ecosystems, characterised by extreme environmental conditions and undergoing a rapid change resulting from the average temperature rising. We present a study on an aquatic ecosystem of the Revelva catchment (Spitsbergen), based on samples collected from the lake, river and their tributaries, in the summer of 2016. The landscape variety of the study site and the seasonal change in the hydrological...
Bacterial communities in the Arctic environment are subject to multiple stress factors, including contaminants, although typically their concentrations are small. The Arctic contamination research has focused on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) because they are bioaccumulative, resistant to degradation and toxic for all organisms. Pollutants have entered the Arctic predominantly by atmospheric and oceanic long-range transport,...
Evaluation of the use of reindeer droppings for monitoring essential and non-essential elements in the polar terrestrial environmentPublikacja
Excess or toxic metals, non-metals and metalloids can be eliminated from the organism by deposition in inert tissue (e.g. fur) or excretion with body secretions, urine and faeces. Droppings are one of the main routes for the elimination of multiple elements and they can be collected without direct contact with the animal. Contaminant concentration has been examined in non-lethally collected tissues of several species (especially...
Phosphorus removal by application of natural and semi-natural materials for possible recovery according to assumptions of circular economy and closed circuit of PPublikacja
In the last fewyears the idea of circular economy has become essential. Thus, designing methods of nutrients removal should be based on usingmaterials that make it possible to recover those nutrients. Recently,methods applied in wastewater treatment plants cannot provide optimal results; moreover, the application of commercial coagulants like ferric chloride and polyaluminumchloride can cause difficulties in potential recovery...
Spatial distribution of pharmaceuticals in conventional wastewater treatment plant with Sludge Treatment Reed Beds technologyPublikacja
Pharmaceutical residues are an emerging environmental problem. It is strongly confirmed that pharmaceuticals are present in soils and environmental waters (surface, marine and even groundwater), and that wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are the main source of pharmaceuticals in the watershed. The aim of this studywas to recognize the spatial distribution and seasonal changes of selected pharmaceuticals in conventional WWTP...
The influence of global climate change on the environmental fate of anthropogenic pollution released from the permafrostPublikacja
This article presents a review of information related to the influence of potential permafrost degradation on the environmental fate of chemical species which are relased and stored, classified as potential influence in future Antarctic environment. Considering all data regarding climate change prediction, this topic may prove important issue for the future state of the Antarctic environment. A detailed survey on soil and permafrost...
Assessing ecotoxicity and the endocrine potential of selected phthalates, BADGE and BFDGE derivatives in relation to environmentally detectable levelsPublikacja
There is no doubt that the subject area of plasticmaterials (e.g., production of epoxy resins or polyesters) is inherently connected to issues concerning bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogues. Unfortunately, much less attention has been given to other compounds, which are also used for the production of these materials. Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is a synthetic industrial compound obtained by a condensation reaction between...
Comparison of hydrochemistry and organic compound transport in two non-glaciated high Arctic catchments with a permafrost regime (Bellsund Fjord, Spitsbergen)Publikacja
An increase in air temperature related to climate change results in the retreat of glaciers, the degradation of permafrost, and the expansion of glacier-free areas in the polar regions. All these processes lead to changes in the Arctic landscape. They influence the hydrochemistry of streams and rivers fed by glaciers and thawing permafrost. In this study, we examine eighty two water samples from two non-glaciated catchments with...
Determination of trace levels of eleven bisphenol A analogues in human blood serum by high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometryPublikacja
Chemicals showing structural or functional similarity to bisphenol A (BPA), commonly called BPA analogues, have recently drawn scientific attention due to their common industrial and commercial application as a substitute for BPA. In the European Union, the use of BPA has been severely restricted by law due to its endocrine disrupting properties. Unfortunately, it seems that all BPA analogues show comparable biological activity,...
Impact of a newly-formed periglacial environment and other factors on fresh water chemistry at the western shore of Admiralty Bay in the summer of 2016 (King George Island, Maritime Antarctica)Publikacja
This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the inorganic chemistry of flowing water at the western shore of Admiralty Bay. In the water samples, ions, and major and trace metals (and B)were detected and quantified. Additionally, the parameters of pH, specific electrolytic conductivity (SEC25) and total organic carbon (TOC) were determined. Moreover, multivariate data set was created and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was...
Structure and performance properties of environmentally-friendly biocomposites based on poly(ɛ-caprolactone) modified with copper slag and shale drill cuttings wastesPublikacja
The potential application of two types of industrial wastes, drill cuttings (DC) and copper slag (CS), as silica-rich modifiers of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) was investigated. Chemical structure and physical properties of DC and CS fillers were characterized using X-ray diffractometer, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, particle size and density measurements. PCL/DC and PCL/CS composites with a variable content of filler (5 to 50...
The interaction between bacterial abundance and selected pollutants concentration levels in an arctic catchment (southwest Spitsbergen, Svalbard)Publikacja
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been a topic of interest in environmental sciences for > 60 years. POPs in the Arctic have been investigated since the 1970s, when first atmospheric measurements revealed the presence of these pollutants in the polar regions. Major contaminant transport routes to the Arctic include atmospheric and oceanic transport, as well as inflow from rivers and sea ice. The sources of pollutants, such...
Water chemistry of tundra lakes in the periglacial zone of the Bellsund Fiord (Svalbard) in the summer of 2013Publikacja
Climate changes observed in the Arctic (e.g. permafrost degradation, glacier retreat) may have significant influence on sensitive polar wetlands. The main objectives of this paper are defining chemical features of water within six small arctic lakes located in Bellsund (Svalbard) in the area of continuous permafrost occurrence. The unique environmental conditions of the study area offer an opportunity to observe phenomena influencing...
Hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties of pollutants as a factor influencing their redistribution during snowpack meltPublikacja
Glaciers accumulate organic pollutants delivered by snow. However, our understanding of the exact dynamics of organic pollutants in the snowpack relies primarily on laboratory experiments and mathematical models. To fill the gap related to the detailed field data, we have conducted observations of melting snow profiles in two locations and three different stages of melting on one High Arctic glacier, as well as in superimposed...
Concentrations of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in the air of the underground car park and individual garages attached to residential buildingsPublikacja
The paper describes the characteristics of a two-level underground car park and three individual garages attached to residential buildings, differing by the resident utilization habits, located in North Poland (Tri-City agglomeration area). The strategy of collecting the analyte samples from air in mentioned enclosed areas, concerning the determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-xylene and p,m-xylenes (BTEX) concentrations...
The present study deals with assessment of ecotoxicological parameters of 9 drugs (diclofenac (sodium salt), oxytetracycline hydrochloride, fluoxetine hydrochloride, chloramphenicol, ketoprofen, progesterone, estrone, androstenedione and gemfibrozil), present in the environmental compartments at specific concentration levels, and theirmutual combinations by couples against Microtox® and XenoScreen YES/YAS® bioassays. As the quantitative...
Concentration and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in surface soil near a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfillPublikacja
Due to a continuous demand of land for infrastructural and residential development there is a public concern about the condition of surface soil near municipal solid waste landfills. A total of 12 surface (0–20 cm) soil samples from a territory near a landfill were collected and the concentration of 16 PAHs and 7 PCB congeners were investigated in these samples. Limits of detection were in the range of 0.038–1.2 μg/kg for PAHs...
The emissions of monoaromatic hydrocarbons from small polymeric toys placed in chocolate food productsPublikacja
The article presents findings on the emissions of selected monoaromatic hydrocarbons from children's toys placed in chocolate food products. The emission test system involved the application of a new type of microscale stationary emission chamber, μ-CTE™ 250. In order to determine the type of the applied polymer in the manufacture of the tested toys, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis coupled...
Risk assessment of industrial areas heavily polluted due to anthropogenic actions is of increasing concern worldwide. So is the case of Polish Silesia region where mostly heavy industry like smelters, mining, chemical industries as well as heat and electricity production facilities are being located. Such situation raises numerous questions about environmental state of local water bodies with special attention paid to the Kłodnica...
Small-scale passive emission chamber for screening studies on monoterpene emission flux from the surface of wood-based indoor elementsPublikacja
Analysis of literature data published in the last fewyears leads to the conclusion that in the process of assessment of emission flux of organic compounds emitted from different types of equipment and finishing materials, new types of devices, among which small-scale passive emission chambers for the performance of in-situ research are designed and applied on a larger scale. These devices can be successfully used for the assessment...
α-Pinene, 3-carene and d-limonene in indoor air of Polish apartments: The impact on air quality and human exposurePublikacja
Monoterpenes are among most ubiquitous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to be detected in indoor air. Since the quality of indoor air is considered important for inhabitants' well-being, the present study aimed at investigating impact of human activity on levels of selected monoterpenes applying passive sampling technique followed by thermal desorption and gas chromatography coupled mass spectrometry. One of the objectives of...
Seasonal changes in organotin compounds in water and sediment samples from the semi-closed Port of GdyniaPublikacja
The effect of seasonal changes on the distribution of organotin compounds (OTC) in the sediments and seawaterfrom the docks of the Port of Gdynia was investigated. Sediment and seawater samples were collectedfrom four industrial docks in February (winter) and June (summer) in 2009. The samples were analyzed forbutyltin, phenyltin, octyltin, and tricyclohexyltin (total of 9 OTC derivatives). The fine fraction (b0.063 mm)accumulated...
Impact of pollution derived from ship wrecks on the marine environment on the basis of s/s ''Stuttgart'' (Polish coast, Europe)Publikacja
W 1943 roku niemiecki statek szpitalny, s/s Stuttgart (Lazaretschiff ''C'') został zatopiony w pobliżu portu w Gdyni. Doprowadziło to do zanieczyszczenia dna morskiego paliwem. Podczas badań przeprowadzonych w 2009 r. pobranych zostało 11 próbek osadów powierzchniowych i wody morskiej oraz 4 rdzenie. Próbki poddano analizie na zawartość zanieczyszczeń priorytetowych należących do grupy wielopierścieniowych węglowodorów aromatycznych...
Towards a global historical emission inventory for selected PCB congeners - a mass balance approach. 3. An updatePublikacja
Poprzednie prace autorów zawierały bardzo istotne informacje do oceny stężeń związków polychlorobifenylowych (PCB) w rejonach oddalonych od dużych źródeł emisji tych związków jak i w środowisku globalnym. Okazało się, że niezbędna jest modyfikacja emisji PCB po roku 2000. Przedstawiono nowe dane o produkcji PCB w Polsce oraz nowe dane nt. składu chemicznego różnych produktów technicznych opartych na PCB. Ulepszono też metody oceny...
Evaluation the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals using a level III model based on poly-parameter linear free energy relationshipsPublikacja
Opisano możliwości zastosowania modelu ''Level III Model'' do opisu losu środowiskowego pozostałości farmaceutyków w środowisku. Zastosowany model umożliwia oszacowanie trwałości, stężeń oraz transportu poszczególnych zanieczyszczeń pomiędzy poszczególnymi elementami składowymi środowiska (powietrze, woda, gleba i osady denne).
Mercury emission to the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources in Europe in 2000 and their scenarios until 2020Publikacja
Przedstawiono obecny stan wiedzy na temat emisji rtęci ze źródeł antropogenicznych na terenie Europy w roku 2000. Zebrane dane stanowiły bazę wyjściową do opracowania scenariuszy emisji do roku 2020. Ponad połowa całkowitej emisji, szacowanej na 239 tony, pochodzi z energetyki przemysłowej oraz gospodarstw domowych i jest związana ze spalaniem stałych nośnikow energii. Istotnym źródłem emisji jest również produkcja cementu (ok....
Relationship between seawater pollution and qualitative changes in the extracted proteins from mussels Mytilus galloprovincialisPublikacja
Celem badań było znalezienie wiarygodnego bioznacznika dla oceny poziomu zanieczyszczenia wody morskiej. W tym celu porównano:-zawartość żelaza (Fe) oraz miedzi (Cu)-białek-poziomu aktywności przeciwutleniającejmałży (Mytilus galloprovincialis)zebranych z rejonów zanieczyszczonych i niezanieczyszczonych bułgarskiej strefy ekonomicznej Morza Czarnego.W badanich wykorzystano takie techniki analityczne jak: -spektroskopia w podczerwieni...
Prowadzono badania zmian następujących w osadach składowanych na obszarze porośniętym trzciną. Pomiary wykonywano w próbach osadów stratyfikowanych przechowywanych w okresie od kilku do kilkudziesięciu lat. Analizowano wilgotność, zawartość materii organicznej, azot ogólny i fosfor ogólny. Wiele osadów określono przy pomocy metody ołowiowej. M. in. wykazano, że największa dynamika zmian ma miejsce w okresie pierwszych kilkunastu...
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