Rigid polyurethane foams (rPUs) were synthesized by replacing 35 and 70 wt.% of petrochemical polyol with polyglycerol. Two types of polyglycerol with different molecular weights and hydroxyl numbers were used to obtain new ‘‘green’’ polyurethane–polyglycerol foams. The foams were prepared by a single step method for the ratio of NCO/OH groups equal to 2. rPUs synthesized with polyglycerol showed regular cellular structure, with...
Effect of ground tire rubber on structural, mechanical and thermal properties of flexible polyurethane foams
Flexible polyurethane foams were modified with two kinds of ground tire rubber, untreated and thermo-mechanically reclaimed. A reclamation process was performed in auto-thermal conditions, which reduced the cost of the process and decreased the environmental impact of devulcanization (e.g., emission of gases). The reclamation process was carried out in a continuous manner using a co-rotating twin screw extruder. The foams were...
Polyurethane/ground tire rubber composite foams based on polyglycerol: processing, mechanical and thermal properties
During the synthesis of rigid polyurethane foams, petrochemical polyol was substituted with polyglycerol, the product of thermo-catalytic polycondensation of waste glycerol, resulting from biodiesel production. Two types of ground tire rubbers, untreated and thermo-mechanically reclaimed, were used to obtain ‘‘green’’ polyurethane-polyglycerol composite foams. Samples were prepared by a single-step method for the ratio of NCO/OH...
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