Peptide conjugates of lactoferricin analogues and antimicrobials—Design, chemical synthesis, evaluation of antimicrobial activity and mammalian cytotoxicity
Eight new peptide conjugates composed of modified bovine lactoferricin truncated analogues (LFcinB) and oneof the three antimicrobials — ciprofloxacin (CIP), levofloxacin (LVX), and fluconazole (FLC) — were synthesized. Four different linkers were applied to connect a peptide and an antimicrobial agent. The FLC-containing peptidic conjugates were synthesized using the “click chemistry” method. This novel approach is reported here...
Antimicrobial Activity of Chimera Peptides Composed of Human Neutrophil Peptide 1 (HNP-1) Truncated Analogues and Bovine Lactoferrampin
Three chimera peptides composed of bovine lactoferrampin and the analogue of truncated human neutrophil peptide 1 were synthesized by the solid-phase method. In two compounds peptide chains were connected via isopeptide bond, whereas in the third one disulfide bridge served as a linker. All three chimeras displayed significantly higher antimicrobial activity than the constituent peptides as well as their equimolar mixtures. The...
Cell Density-Dependent Cytological Stage Profile and Its Application for a Screen of Cytostatic Agents Active Toward Leukemic Stem Cells
Proliferation and expansion of leukemia is driven by leukemic stem cells (LSCs). Multidrug resistance (MDR) of LSCs is one of the main reasons of failure and relapses in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment. In this study, we show that maintaining HL-60 at low cell culture density or applying a 240-day treatment with anthrapyridazone (BS-121) increased the percentage of primitive cells, which include LSCs determining the overall...
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