Fruit spirits and liqueurs are among the most popular spirit-based beverages made from fruits such as plums, cherries, melon, apple, citrus and pear. The types of fruits and production methods have a great significance for the quality of the final product. The production process of spirits consists of the following stages: fermentation, distillation and maturation. For this reason scientists started to investigate the composition...
Vodka is the most popular alcoholic beverage in Poland, Russia and other Eastern European countries, made from ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin that has been produced via fermentation of potatoes, grains or other agricultural products. Despite distillation and multiple filtering, it is not possible to produce 100 % ethanol. The solution with a minimum ethanol content of 96 %, which is used to produce vodkas, also contains trace amounts...
Agricultural distillates (raw spirits) are alc oholic l iquids obtained thro ugh dis till ation (preceded by alcoholic ferm entation)of specific agricultural products that do not have the properties of ethyl alcohol or a spirit, but still retain th e aroma andtaste of the raw ingredients used. This review is a brief overview of agricultural distillates and of some methods commonlyused (GC-MS, GC-FID, GC-O, electronic nose) for...
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