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A novel concept of negative CO2 emission power plant for utilization of sewage sludge

Abstrakt

Carbon Capture and Storage (CSS) technology is considered an important “bridge technology”, allowing effective abatement of CO2 emissions for power units using fossil fuels. However, if biomass is used in a power plant, equipped with CCS system, negative CO2 emissions can be achieved. In practice, wide development of such technologies would enable not only reduction of CO2 emissions, but also reversal of the harm done so far. In the long term, wide application of technologies with carbon-negative emissions could allow coming back to pre-industrial concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere. Sewage sludge is a residue of the wastewater processing, that is a biologically active and consists of water, organic matter, including dead and alive pathogens, as well as organic and inorganic contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals. Due to the nature of sewage sludge and its possible influence on human health and wellbeing, it is a subject of various regulations. Currently, sewage sludge is considered a biomass, according to the new Polish act on renewable energy sources from 20th of February 2015 and its novel version from 19th of July 2019. This study presents a novel approach, that aims at assessing feasibility of the concept of a negative CO2 emission power plant, based on steam gasification of sewage sludge, subsequent combustion of the producer gas in a gas turbine with spray-ejector condenser. This novel solution offers an efficient way to convert the chemical energy in the sewage sludge and, in the same time, compress and capture CO2. Possibility to utilize sewage sludge is an additional advantage of the proposed solution. For example: composition and calorific value of the dry producer gas, determined experimentally, are as follows: YCO=0.133; YCO2=0.593; YCH4=0.117; YCnHm=0.08; YH2=0.051 and LHV=16.43 MJ/kg.

Autorzy (6)

  • Zdjęcie użytkownika prof. Janusz Badur

    Janusz Badur prof.

    • Energy Conversion Department, Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Zdjęcie użytkownika prof. Halina Pawlak-Kruczek

    Halina Pawlak-Kruczek prof.

    • Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Department of Boilers, Combustion and Energy Processes
  • Zdjęcie użytkownika  Lukasz Niedzwiecki

    Lukasz Niedzwiecki

    • Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Department of Boilers, Combustion and Energy Processes
  • Zdjęcie użytkownika mgr Mateusz Kowal

    Mateusz Kowal mgr

    • Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Department of Boilers, Combustion and Energy Processes
  • Zdjęcie użytkownika mgr Krystian Krochmalny

    Krystian Krochmalny mgr

    • Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Department of Boilers, Combustion and Energy Processes

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Kategoria:
Aktywność konferencyjna
Typ:
publikacja w wydawnictwie zbiorowym recenzowanym (także w materiałach konferencyjnych)
Tytuł wydania:
. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering CPOTE 2020
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2020
Opis bibliograficzny:
Ziółkowski P., Badur J., Pawlak-Kruczek H., Niedzwiecki L., Kowal M., Krochmalny K.: A novel concept of negative CO2 emission power plant for utilization of sewage sludge// . Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering CPOTE 2020/ online: Politechnika Śląska, 2020,
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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