Accelerated Gradient-Based Optimization of Antenna Structures Using Multi-Fidelity Simulations and Convergence-Based Model Management Scheme - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Accelerated Gradient-Based Optimization of Antenna Structures Using Multi-Fidelity Simulations and Convergence-Based Model Management Scheme

Abstrakt

The importance of numerical optimization has been steadily growing in the design of contemporary antenna structures. The primary reason is the increasing complexity of antenna topologies, [ a typically large number of adjustable parameters that have to be simultaneously tuned. Design closure is no longer possible using traditional methods, including theoretical models or supervised parameter sweeping. To ensure reliability, optimization is normally carried out at the level of full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulations, which incurs major computational expenses. The issue can be alleviated using a variety of methods such as the incorporation of adjoint sensitivities, sparse sensitivity updates (for local optimization), or the employment of surrogate modeling methods (in the context of global search). Another possibility is utilization of variable-fidelity simulation models, which, in practice, is most often restricted to two levels (coarse/fine or low-/high-fidelity models), and accompanied by appropriate low-fidelity model correction (e.g., space mapping). This paper proposes an accelerated version of a trust-region gradient-based procedure, which involves simulation model management by continuous adjustment of EM analysis fidelity throughout the optimization process. Decision making process is based on the convergence status of the algorithm. The initial stages of the optimization run are executed using the coarsest discretization of the structure at hand with the model being gradually refined towards the end of the process. This enables considerable computational savings without degrading the quality of the final design. The presented approach has been comprehensively validated using a benchmark set of four broadband antennas and compared to the reference trust-region procedure and two state-of-the-art accelerated algorithms. The average computational savings are almost sixty percent as compared to the reference.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION nr 69, strony 8778 - 8789,
ISSN: 0018-926X
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2021
Opis bibliograficzny:
Kozieł S., Pietrenko-Dąbrowska A.: Accelerated Gradient-Based Optimization of Antenna Structures Using Multi-Fidelity Simulations and Convergence-Based Model Management Scheme// IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION -Vol. 69,iss. 12 (2021), s.8778-8789
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1109/tap.2021.3083742
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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