Amides as models to study the hydration of proteins and peptides — spectroscopic and theoretical approach on hydration in various temperatures
Interactions with water are one of the key factors which determine protein stability and activity in aqueous solutions. However, the protein hydration is still insufficiently understood. N-methylacetamide (NMA) is regarded as a minimal part of the peptide backbone and the relative simplicity of its structure makes it a good model for studies on protein–water interactions. In this paper, the influence of NMA and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) on surrounding water molecules in a range of temperature (25–75 ◦C) is studied by means of the FTIR spectroscopy. The results of the difference HDO spectra method are compared with the results of theoretical DFT calculations of NMA and DMA aqueous complexes. Both NMA and DMA can be regarded as “structure-makers”, yet their hydration spheres are different. These molecules exhibit a mixed and mutually dependent types of hydration: hydrophilic and hydrophobic. In the case of a NMA molecule that has one methyl group less than DMA, the type of hydrophobic hydration is more important. The DMA hydration sphere is less stable: the interactions between water molecules around the methyl groups are strained. Moreover, the hydration of NMA is much more temperature dependant than in the case of DMA. The source of the differences may be hidden in the N-H· · ·H2O interaction. The delicate nature of water interactions with the peptide block models may be cautiously translated into the much more complicated interactions of proteins with their hydration shells.
0Web of Science
Aneta Panuszko, Michał Nowak, Piotr Bruździak, Marcin Stasiulewicz, Janusz Stangret. (2019). Amides as models to study the hydration of proteins and peptides — spectroscopic and theoretical approach on hydration in various temperatures, 278, 706-715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2019.01.086
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