Analysis of efficiency of phosphates sorption by different granulation of selected reactive material
In the light of the need to find an effective way to remove phosphorus from wastewater, studies on the suitability of sorption materials in this process should be conducted. The aim of the study was to examine the potential benefits of using selected adsorbents to reduce orthophosphates from the model solution under steady conditions. The study was conducted on a laboratory scale using synthetic wastewater with concentration of P-PO4 in the range of 5-100 mg/dm3. Experiment has shown that fine-grained material M1 (0-2 mm) is highly effective at removal of phosphorus compounds at the level of 97.8% at the highest concentration of P-PO4. The sorption capacity achieved during the investigation was 9.6 mg/g, while the maximum sorption capacity from the Langmuir model could reach up to 256 mg/g. Material M2 (2-8 mm) did not show satisfactory sorption capacity (maximum calculated sorption capacity: 0.36 mg/g) and the effectiveness of phosphate reduction did not exceeded 6% at the lowest concentration of P-PO4.
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