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Annual signals observed in regional GPS networks

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Abstract: This paper describes analyses concerning annual signals in GPS-derived coordinates. The data was processed in the Military University of Technology Local Analysis Centre with Bernese 5.0 software. We used observations from 129 permanent GPS stations which belong to the Polish Active Geodetic Network (ASG-EUPOS), for the period of GPS weeks 1465-1729, corresponding to about 5 years. The annual signals have been estimated using the Least Squares Estimation (LSE) with assumption of stationarity of amplitude and phase, and uncertainties calculated with the coloured noise assumption using the First Order Gauss Markov model (FOGM). The phase was defined as the time span from the beginning of the year to the maximum of the best-fitting sinusoid. The data was analysed using the TSView software (Herring, 2003). Amplitudes of best-fitting sinusoids into the North components range between 0.1 and 3.5 mm, the East component: 0.1-4.1 mm, the Up component: 0.1-4.0 mm with similar uncertainties of 0.1-0.3 mm. The phase shifts are unevenly distributed over the considered area, no clearly visible spatial dependencies were discovered. The North and East components reveal clearly maximums concentrated over winter- (January and February) and summer-time (June-July). They could be explained by the hydrological and atmospheric (including thermal) influences. However, this theory does not seem to be supported by the Up distribution with no clearly visible extreme values. We noticed that the velocity bias due to annual oscillation could range from –0.6 to +0.5 mm/y, but when we look at the issue relatively we can mismodel the North and East velocity by 3.4 % (0.5 of 14.8 mm/y), while the Up velocity at the tectonically stable areas considered in this publication could be mismodelled by even 600 % (0.6 of 0.1 mm/y). But the annual signal in the GPS time series has to be understood twofold:

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Autorzy (2)

  • Zdjęcie użytkownika prof. dr hab inż. Janusz Bogusz

    Janusz Bogusz prof. dr hab inż.

    • Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna
  • Zdjęcie użytkownika dr hab. inż. Mariusz Figurski

    Mariusz Figurski dr hab. inż.

    • Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia strony 125 - 131,
ISSN: 1214-9705
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2014
Opis bibliograficzny:
Bogusz, J., Figurski M.: Annual signals observed in regional GPS networks// Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia. -, (2014), s.125-131
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.13168/agg.2014.0003
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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