Conversion of waste biomass into activated carbon and evaluation of environmental consequences using life cycle assessment - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

Wyszukiwarka

Conversion of waste biomass into activated carbon and evaluation of environmental consequences using life cycle assessment

Abstrakt

In this article, activated carbon was produced from Lantana camara and olive trees by H3PO4 chemical activation. The prepared activated carbons were analyzed by characterizations such as scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. H3PO4 is used as an activator agent to create an abundant pore structure. According to EDX analysis, the crystalline structure destroys and increases the carbon content of the olive tree and Lantana camara by 77.51 and 76.16%, respectively. SEM images reveal a porous structure formed as a result of H3PO4 activation. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of the olive tree and Lantana camara activated carbon was 611.21 m2/g and 167.47 m2/g, respectively. The TGA analysis of both activated carbons shows their thermal degradation starts at 230 °C but fully degrades at temperatures above 450 °C. To quantify the potential environmental implications related to the production process of the activated carbon (AC) from olive trees, the life cycle assessment (LCA) environmental methodology was employed. For most of the tested indicators, chemical activation using H3PO4 showed the greatest ecological impacts: the ozone layer depletion potential (42.27%), the acidification potential (55.31%), human toxicity (57.00%), freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity (85.01%), terrestrial ecotoxicity (86.17%), and eutrophication (92.20%). The global warming po-tential (5.210 kg CO2 eq), which was evenly weighted between the phases, was shown to be one of the most significant impacts. The total energy demand of the olive tree’s AC producing process was 70.521 MJ per Kg.

Cytowania

  • 5

    CrossRef

  • 5

    Web of Science

  • 3

    Scopus

Autorzy (6)

Słowa kluczowe

Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
Applied Sciences-Basel nr 12,
ISSN: 2076-3417
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2022
Opis bibliograficzny:
Amin M., Shah H. H., Iqbal A., Krawczuk M., Faroogi U. Z. R., Zia A.: Conversion of waste biomass into activated carbon and evaluation of environmental consequences using life cycle assessment// Applied Sciences-Basel -Vol. 12,iss. 11 (2022), s.5741-
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.3390/app12115741
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 35 razy

Publikacje, które mogą cię zainteresować

Meta Tagi