Design of High-Performance Scattering Metasurfaces through Optimization-Based Explicit RCS Reduction - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy


Design of High-Performance Scattering Metasurfaces through Optimization-Based Explicit RCS Reduction


The recent advances in the development of coding metasurfaces created new opportunities in realization of radar cross section (RCS) reduction. Metasurfaces, composed of optimized geometries of meta-atoms arranged as periodic lattices, are devised to obtain desired electromagnetic (EM) scattering characteristics. Despite potential benefits, their rigorous design methodologies are still lacking, especially in the context of controlling the EM wavefront through parameter tuning of meta-atoms. One of the practical obstacles hindering efficient design of metasurfaces is implicit handling of RCS performance. To achieve essential RCS reduction, the design task is normally formulated in terms of phase reflection characteristics of the meta-atoms, whereas their reflection amplitudes—although contributing to the overall performance of the structure—is largely ignored. As a result, the conventional approaches are unable to determine truly optimum solutions. This article proposes a novel formulation of the metasurface design task with explicit handling of RCS reduction at the level of meta-atoms. Our methodology accounts for both the phase and reflection amplitudes of the unit cells. The design objective is defined to directly optimize the RCS reduction bandwidth at the specified level (e.g., 10 dB) w.r.t. the metallic surface. The benefits of the presented scheme are twofold: (i) it provides a reliable insight into the metasurface properties even though the design process is carried out at the level of meta-atoms, (ii) the obtained design requires minimum amount of tuning at the level of the entire metasurface. None of these is possible for phase-response-based approach fostered in the literature. For practical purposes, the design is conducted using a surrogate-assisted procedure involving kriging metamodels, which enables global optimization at a low computational cost. To corroborate the utility of our formulation, a high-performance metasurface incorporating crusader-cross-shaped meta-atoms has been developed. The obtained results indicate that the system characteristics predicted at the design stage are well aligned with those of the EM-simulated structure (which is not the case for the traditional design approach). The metasurface features 10-dB RCS reduction in the frequency range of 16.5 GHz to 34.6 GHz, as validated both numerically and experimentally.


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Publikacja w czasopiśmie
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
IEEE Access nr 9, strony 113077 - 113088,
ISSN: 2169-3536
Rok wydania:
Opis bibliograficzny:
Kozieł S., Abdullah M., Szczepański S.: Design of High-Performance Scattering Metasurfaces through Optimization-Based Explicit RCS Reduction// IEEE Access -Vol. 9, (2021), s.113077-113088
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1109/access.2021.3104338
Politechnika Gdańska

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