Determination of trace levels of eleven bisphenol A analogues in human blood serum by high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
Chemicals showing structural or functional similarity to bisphenol A (BPA), commonly called BPA analogues, have recently drawn scientific attention due to their common industrial and commercial application as a substitute for BPA. In the European Union, the use of BPA has been severely restricted by law due to its endocrine disrupting properties. Unfortunately, it seems that all BPA analogues show comparable biological activity, including hormonal disruption, toxicity and genotoxicity. Until now, the knowledge about human exposure to BPA analogues is scarce, mainly due to the lack of the data concerning their occurrence in human derived biological samples. This study presents the development of an analytical method for determination of trace levels of eleven BPA analogues in human blood serum samples. The method involves fast and simple liquid-liquid extraction, using low sample and solvent volumes. Chromatographic separation of analytes was optimized using one-factor-at-a-time approach (mobile phase composition, gradient shape, chromatographic column selection, separation temperature, etc.). The method allows for effective separation of the analytes, even in the case of configurational isomers (bisphenol M and bisphenol P). The calibration curves for all analytes were linear in the range tested. The limits of detection and quantitation were in the range of 0.0079 ÷ 0.039 ng/mL and 0.024 ÷ 0.12 ng/mL respectively. Compound-dependent recovery values were in the rage of 88 ÷ 138%. Matrix effects were mitigated with the help of matrix-matched calibration curves prepared for every batch of samples. Results obtained after the analysis of 245 real human blood serum samples indicate that human beings are exposed to different BPA analogues, that are present in the environment and in common, daily use products.
wyświetlono 18 razy