Diminshed toxicity of C-1748, 4-methyl-9-hydroxyethylamino-1-nitroacridine, compared with its demethyl analog, C-857, corresponds to its resistance to metabolism in HepG2 cells - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Diminshed toxicity of C-1748, 4-methyl-9-hydroxyethylamino-1-nitroacridine, compared with its demethyl analog, C-857, corresponds to its resistance to metabolism in HepG2 cells

Abstrakt

The narrow "therapeutic window" of anti-tumour therapy may be the result of drug metabolism leading to the activation or detoxification of antitumour agents. The aim of this work is to examine (i) whether the diminished toxicity of a potent antitumour drug, C-1748, 9-(2'-hydroxyethylamino)-4-methyl-1-nitroacridine, compared with its 4-demethyl analogue, C-857, results from the differences between the metabolic pathways for the two compounds and (ii) the impact of reducing and/or hypoxic conditions on studied metabolism. We investigated the metabolites of C-1748 and C-857 formed in rat and human liver microsomes, with human P450 reductase (POR) and in HepG2 cells under normoxia and hypoxia. The elimination rate of C-1748 from POR knockout mice (HRN) was also evaluated. Three products, 1-amino-9-hydroxyethylaminoacridine, 1-aminoacridinone and a compound with an additional 6-membered ring, were identified for C-1748 and C-857 in all studied metabolic systems. The new metabolite was found in HepG2 cells. We showed that metabolic rate and the reactivity of metabolites of C-1748 were considerably lower than those of C-857, in all investigated metabolic models. Compared with metabolism under normoxia, cellular metabolism under hypoxia led to higher levels of 1-aminoacridine and aza-acridine derivatives of both compounds and of the 6-membered ring metabolite of C-1748. In conclusion, the crucial role of hypoxic conditions and the direct involvement of POR in the metabolism of both compounds were demonstrated. Compared with C-857, the low reactivity of C-1748 and the stability of its metabolites are postulated to contribute significantly to the diminished toxicity of this compound observed in animals.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY nr 84, wydanie 1, strony 30 - 42,
ISSN: 0006-2952
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2012
Opis bibliograficzny:
Wiśniewska A., Niemira M., Jagiełło K., Potęga A., Świst M., Henderson C., Skwarska A., Augustin E., Konopa J., Mazerska Z.: Diminshed toxicity of C-1748, 4-methyl-9-hydroxyethylamino-1-nitroacridine, compared with its demethyl analog, C-857, corresponds to its resistance to metabolism in HepG2 cells// BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY. -Vol. 84, iss. 1 (2012), s.30-42
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 40 razy

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