Eco-friendly Route for Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers with Bio-based Hard Segments Composed of Bio-glycol and Mixtures of Aromatic–Aliphatic and Aliphatic–Aliphatic Diisocyanate - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Eco-friendly Route for Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers with Bio-based Hard Segments Composed of Bio-glycol and Mixtures of Aromatic–Aliphatic and Aliphatic–Aliphatic Diisocyanate

Abstrakt

Application of bio-based diisocyanates with low volatility instead petrochemical diisocyanates has positive impact on environment by reduction of hazardous effects on living organisms and lead to bio-based polyurethanes (bio-PUs) with good usage properties. This work was focused on the synthesis and chosen properties examination of partially bio-based thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers (bio-PUs) obtained using diisocyanate mixtures, polytetrahydrofurane (PolyTHF) and bio-1,3-propanediol (bio-PDO). Two types of diisocyanate mixtures were prepared as follows: aliphatic–aliphatic based on hexamethylene diisocyanate with partially bio-based aliphatic diisocyanate Tolonate™ X FLO 100 (HDI-FLO) and aromatic–aliphatic based on diphenylmethane diisocyanate with partially bio-based diisocyanate (MDI-FLO) with reduction of 25 mass% of petrochemical diisocyanate. Bio-PUs were obtained via prepolymer method. Thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers have been examined in the terms of chemical structure and thermal, thermomechanical, mechanical and physicochemical properties. Bio-PU based on HDI-FLO diisocyanate mixture exhibited higher thermal stability. The beginning of thermal decomposition took a place at lower temperature ca. 30 ºC) and lower rate than the MDI-PU based materials. DMA analysis showed that HDI-FLO based polyurethanes exhibited greater capacity to accumulate energy and higher stiffness. Both materials characterized similar tensile strength and hardness, but with difference that TPU based on HDI-FLO relieved greater elongation at break about 360% reached 813%. Taking into account versatile properties of bio-TPU, these material can find application in many branches of industry.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT nr 29, strony 2140 - 2149,
ISSN: 1566-2543
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2021
Opis bibliograficzny:
Głowińska E., Wolak W., Datta J.: Eco-friendly Route for Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers with Bio-based Hard Segments Composed of Bio-glycol and Mixtures of Aromatic–Aliphatic and Aliphatic–Aliphatic Diisocyanate// JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT -Vol. 29, (2021), s.2140-2149
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1007/s10924-020-01992-5
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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