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Employment Specialization in the Enlarged European Union

Abstrakt

This paper presents the evolution of absolute employment specialization along the course of economic growth of 25 EU countries. We focus on the degree to which EU economies concentrate labor force in a few sectors/industries. Using disaggregated statistics classified according to NACE Rev. 1 division (71 sectors) we calculate various synthetic indices measuring the degree of diversification typical for the employment structures of EU15 countries (1970-2004) and ten NewMember States (1995-2004). Nonparametric and semiparametric estimation techniques are used to estimate the relationship between the degree of employment specialization and the development level, controlling for the inclusion of additional determinants of the diversification process. The main findings are in line with the trends revealed in analogical empirical studies using industrial data for international samples of countries: also within the enlarged EU there is a tendency towards decreasing absolute specialization of employment at initial phases of growth, matched with an upward rising trend after over passing the GDP per capita level of about 16000 US $ (const 2000).

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach recenzowanych i innych wydawnictwach ciągłych
Opublikowano w:
Ekonomia. Rynek, gospodarka, społeczeństwo strony 6 - 21,
ISSN: 0137-3056
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2009
Opis bibliograficzny:
Parteka A.: Employment Specialization in the Enlarged European Union// Ekonomia. Rynek, gospodarka, społeczeństwo. -., nr. Nr 24 (2009), s.6-21
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 9 razy

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