Environmental characteristics of a tundra river system in Svalbard. Part 2: Chemical stress factors - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Environmental characteristics of a tundra river system in Svalbard. Part 2: Chemical stress factors

Abstrakt

Bacterial communities in the Arctic environment are subject to multiple stress factors, including contaminants, although typically their concentrations are small. The Arctic contamination research has focused on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) because they are bioaccumulative, resistant to degradation and toxic for all organisms. Pollutants have entered the Arctic predominantly by atmospheric and oceanic long-range transport, and this was facilitated by their volatile or semi-volatile properties, while their chemical stability extended their lifetimes following emission. Chemicals present in the Arctic at detectable and quantifiable concentrations testify to their global impact. Chemical contamination may induce serious disorders in the integrity of polar ecosystems influencing the growth of bacterial communities. In this study, the abundance and the types of bacteria in the Arctic freshwater were examined and the microbial characteristics were compared to the amount of potentially harmful chemical compounds in particular elements of the Arctic catchment. The highest concentrations of all determined PAHs were observed in two samples in the vicinity of the estuary both in June and September 2016 and were 1964 ng L−1 (R12) and 3901 ng L−1 (R13) in June, and 2179 ng L−1 (R12) and 1349 ng L−1 (R13) in September. Remarkable concentrations of the sum of phenols and formaldehyde were detected also at the outflow of the Revelva river into the sea (R12) and were 0.24 mg L−1 in June and 0.35 mg L−1 in September 2016. The elevated concentrations of chemical compounds near the estuary suggest a potential impact of the water from the lower tributaries (including the glacier-fed stream measured at R13) or the sea currents and the sea aerosol as pollutant sources. The POPs' degradation at low temperature is not well understood but bacteria capable to degrading such compounds were noted in each sampling point.

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Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT nr 653, strony 1585 - 1596,
ISSN: 0048-9697
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2019
Opis bibliograficzny:
Kosek K., Kozioł K., Łuczkiewicz A., Jankowska K., Chmiel S., Polkowska Ż.: Environmental characteristics of a tundra river system in Svalbard. Part 2: Chemical stress factors// SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. -Vol. 653, (2019), s.1585-1596
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.012
Źródła finansowania:
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 9 razy

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