Evaluation of flavour profiles in e-cigarette refill solutions using gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
Many flavour compounds that are present in e-liquids for e-cigarettes are responsible for specific tastes and smoking sensations for users. Data concerning content and specific types of flavours is often limited and unknown to users. The aim of the research was to define and compare flavour profiles of e-liquids with the same group taste from different manufacturers. Gas chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) was used to separate and identify 90 popular compounds (98, including isomers) of interest. The developed method was validated in terms of accuracy (88–113%) for three spiking levels and the intra-day (0.2–13%) and inter-day precision (1–10%). Limits of quantitation were in the range of 10–816 ng/mL, while the matrix effects for 80% of the compounds were at negligible levels. The proposed method is rapid, simple and reliable and uses a green and modern GC–MS/MS technique. Twenty-five samples of five different flavours (tobacco, strawberry, cherry, menthol and apple) from five different producers were analysed, and the determined compounds were categorized and differentiated. The approach proposed in this study allowed for the evaluation of which compounds/group of compounds are responsible for taste and to distinguish common flavour compounds among the investigated brands for each flavour. Furthermore, the presented research can be considered in future toxicological studies.
Justyna Aszyk, Paweł Kubica, Mateusz Kacper Woźniak, Jacek Namieśnik, Andrzej Wasik, Agata Kot-Wasik. (2018). Evaluation of flavour profiles in e-cigarette refill solutions using gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, 1547, 86-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2018.03.009
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