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Green chromatography

Abstrakt

Analysis of organic compounds in samples characterized by different composition of the matrix is very important in many areas. A vast majority of organic compound determinations are performed using gas or liquid chromatographic methods. It is thus very important that these methods have negligible environmental impact. Chromatographic techniques have the potential to be greener at all steps of the analysis, from sample collection and preparation to separation and final determination. The paper summarizes the approaches used to accomplish the goals of green chromatography. While complete elimination of sample preparation would be an ideal approach, it is not always practical. Solventless extraction techniques offer a very good alternative. Where solvents must be used, the focus should be on the minimization of their consumption. The approaches used to make chromatographic separations greener differ depending on the type of chromatography. In gas chromatography it is advisable to move away from using helium as the carrier gas because it is a non-renewable resource. GC separations using low thermal mass technology can be greener because of energy savings offered by this technology. In liquid chromatography the focus should be on the reduction of solvent consumption and replacement of toxic and environmentally hazardous solvents with more benign alternatives. Multidimensional separation techniques have the potential to make the analysis greener in both GC and LC. The environmental impact of the method is often determined by the location of the instrument with respect to the sample collection point.

Informacje szczegółowe

Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuł w czasopiśmie wyróżnionym w JCR
Opublikowano w:
JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A nr 1307, strony 1 - 20,
ISSN: 0021-9673
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2013
Opis bibliograficzny:
Płotka-Wasylka J., Tobiszewski M., Sulej-Suchomska A., Kupska M., Górecki T., Namieśnik J.: Green chromatography// JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A. -Vol. 1307, (2013), s.1-20
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 14 razy

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