Influence of several biodegradable components added to pure and nanosilver-doped PMMA bone cements on its biological and mechanical properties - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Influence of several biodegradable components added to pure and nanosilver-doped PMMA bone cements on its biological and mechanical properties

Abstrakt

Acrylic bone cements (BC) are wildly used in medicine. Despite favorable mechanical properties, processability and inject capability, BC lack bioactivity. To overcome this, we investigated the effects of selected biodegradable additives to create a partially-degradable BC and also we evaluated its combination with nanosilver (AgNp). We hypothesized that using above strategies it would be possible to obtain bioactive BC. The Cemex was used as the base material, modified at 2.5, 5 or 10 wt% with either cellulose, chitosan, magnesium, polydioxanone or tricalcium-phosphate. The resulted modified BC was examined for surface morphology, wettability, porosity, mechanical and nanomechanical properties and cytocompatibility. The composite BC doped with AgNp was also examined for its release and antibacterial properties. The results showed that it is possible to create modified cement and all studied modifiers increased its porosity. Applying the additives slightly decreased BC wettability and mechanical properties, but the positive effect of the additives was observed in nanomechanical research. The relatively poor cytocompatibility of modified BC was attributed to the unreacted monomer release, except for polydioxanone modification which increased cells viability. Furthermore, all additives facilitated AgNp release and increased BC antibacterial effectiveness.Our present studies suggest the optimal content of biodegradable component for BC is 5 wt%. At this content, an improvement in BC porosity is achieved without significant deterioration of BC physical and mechanical properties. Polydioxanone and cellulose seem to be the most promising additives that improve porosity and antibacterial properties of antibiotic or nanosilver-loaded BC. Partially-degradable BC may be a good strategy to improve their antibacterial effectiveness, but some caution is still required regarding their cytocompatibility.

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Kategoria:
Publikacja w czasopiśmie
Typ:
artykuły w czasopismach
Opublikowano w:
Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications nr 117,
ISSN: 0928-4931
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2020
Opis bibliograficzny:
Wekwejt M., Michalska-Sionkowska M., Bartmański M., Nadolska M., Łukowicz K., Pałubicka A., Osyczka A. M., Zieliński A.: Influence of several biodegradable components added to pure and nanosilver-doped PMMA bone cements on its biological and mechanical properties// Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications -Vol. 117, (2020), s.111286-
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1016/j.msec.2020.111286
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

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