Ordered titanium templates functionalized by gold films for biosensing applications – Towards non-enzymatic glucose detection
Recently, metal nanostructures evoke much interest due to application potential in highly sensitive detectors in biochemistry and medical diagnostics. In this work we report on preparation and characteristics of thin (1–100 nm) Au films deposited onto highly ordered structured titanium templates for SERS (Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy) and electrochemical sensing. The Ti templates are formed by selective removal of TiO2 nanotubes out of as-anodized titanium substrate. The surface of the obtained material reproduce precisely the bottom layer of the nanotubes and consists of a uniformly distributed dimples with diameter of ~100 nm. For all structures covered with Au films the measured average SERS signal is markedly higher than the one observed for bare Ti templates. This is due to strong electromagnetic field in the vicinity of the film grains. Moreover, such nanostructured gold surface exhibits also attractive electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties, which should be attributed to enhancement of the electron transfer at the Au-Ti interface formed without any linker molecules. It is shown that prepared material can be used as an enzyme-free sensor for glucose detection in air-saturated neutral media especially in case of low sugar concentrations present in human body liquids, such as saliva, sweat and interstitial fluid.
Katarzyna Grochowska, Mariusz Szkoda, Jakub Karczewski, Gerard Śliwiński, Katarzyna Siuzdak. (2017). Ordered titanium templates functionalized by gold films for biosensing applications – Towards non-enzymatic glucose detection. Talanta, 166, 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2017.01.075
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