Recycling of Photovoltaic Solar Cells and Modules - Te State - Of - Art - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy


Recycling of Photovoltaic Solar Cells and Modules - Te State - Of - Art


In comparison to other energy producing techniques, photovoltaics (PV) is one of the most promising options: no emission of any matter into the environment during operation; extremely long operation period (estimated average: 25 years), minimum maintenance, robust technique, aesthetic aspects. The use of photovoltaics is rapidly increasing, and the respective market is developing accordingly. Although PV manufacturing equipment is now excluded from the scope of RoHS, according to the Kyoto Protocol and the EU Directives WEEE and RoHS the use of hazardous substances in electric/electronic devices has to be reduced stepwise to approximately zero level. Furthermore, a total recycling of nearly all materials involved is aimed. Thus, major attention is directed to avoidance of environmental pollution through combustion or landfill, to regain valuable material, to promote the development and use of renewable energy sources. As the lifetime of PV cells themselves is much longer than that of PV modules and the manufacturing process of cells requires much energy consumption, the reuse of base material of the cells is economically justified. The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate existing methods of PV cells and modules recycling. The article discusses the main outcomes and analyses the significance of recycling in relation to the environmental profile of the production and total life cycle of photovoltaic cells and modules.

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Publikacja monograficzna
książka - monografia autorska/podręcznik w języku o zasięgu międzynarodowym
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Opis bibliograficzny:
Klugmann-Radziemska E.: Recycling of Photovoltaic Solar Cells and Modules - Te State - Of - Art. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2014. 53 s. ISBN 978-3-659-51951-2
Politechnika Gdańska

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