Road Infrastructure Safety Management in Poland - Publikacja - MOST Wiedzy

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Road Infrastructure Safety Management in Poland

Abstrakt

The objective of road safety infrastructure management is to ensure that when roads are planned, designed, built and used road risks can be identified, assessed and mitigated. Road transport safety is significantly less developed than that of rail, water and air transport. The average individual risk of being a fatality in relation to the distance covered is thirty times higher in road transport that in the other modes. This is mainly because the different modes have a different approach to safety management and to the use of risk management methods and tools. In recent years Poland has had one of the European Union's highest road death numbers. In 2016 there were 3026 fatalities on Polish roads with 40,766 injuries. Protecting road users from the risk of injury and death should be given top priority. While Poland's national and regional road safety programmes address this problem and are instrumental in systematically reducing the number of casualties, the effects are far from the expectations. Modern approaches to safety focus on three integrated elements: infrastructure measures, safety management and safety culture. Due to its complexity, the process of road safety management requires modern tools to help with identifying road user risks, assess and evaluate the safety of road infrastructure and select effective measures to improve road safety. One possible tool for tackling this problem is the risk-based method for road infrastructure safety management. EU Directive 2008/96/EC regulates and proposes a list of tools for managing road infrastructure safety. Road safety tools look at two criteria: the life cycle of a road structure and the process of risk management. Risk can be minimized through the application of the proposed interventions during design process as reasonable. The proposed methods of risk management bring together two stages: risk assessment and risk response occurring within the analyzed road structure (road network, road stretch, road section, junction, etc.). The objective of the methods is to help road authorities to take rational decisions in the area of road safety and road infrastructure safety and understand the consequences occurring in the particular phases of road life cycle

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Creative Commons: CC-BY otwiera się w nowej karcie

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Kategoria:
Aktywność konferencyjna
Typ:
materiały konferencyjne indeksowane w Web of Science
Opublikowano w:
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering nr 245, strony 1 - 9,
ISSN: 1757-8981
Tytuł wydania:
World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS) strony 1 - 9
Język:
angielski
Rok wydania:
2017
Opis bibliograficzny:
Budzyński M., Jamroz K., Kustra W., Michalski L., Gaca S..: Road Infrastructure Safety Management in Poland, W: World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS), 2017, ,.
DOI:
Cyfrowy identyfikator dokumentu elektronicznego (otwiera się w nowej karcie) 10.1088/1757-899x/245/4/042066
Bibliografia: test
  1. National Road Safety Council, National Road Safety Programme to 2020, National Council BRD, Warsaw, 2013. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  2. European Parliament and the Council, Directive 2008/96/CE on road infrastructure safety management, 2008.
  3. European Commission, Roadmap to a single European transport area -Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system -White Paper, Off. J. Eur. Union. (2011). otwiera się w nowej karcie
  4. Hagenzieker M., Wegman F., Editorial safety science special issue road safety management, Saf. Sci. 48 (2010) 1081-1084.
  5. Hauer E., The Road Ahead, J. Transp. Eng. 131 (2005) 333-339. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  6. Koßmann I., Schulze H., The role of safety research in road safety management, Saf. Sci. 48 (2010) 1160-1166.
  7. Budzynski M., Jamroz K., Kustra W., Gaca S., Michalski L., Instructions for road safety auditors -Part One Assessing the effects of road infrastructure projects on road safety, Part Two Road safety audit -for the GDDKiA, Gdansk University of Technology, Krakow University of Technology, Gdansk, 2011.
  8. Budzynski M., Jamroz K., Kustra W., Gaca S., Michalski L., Instruction for rating high-risk sections on national roads -for the GDDKiA, Gdansk University of Technology, Krakow University of Technology, Gdansk, 2013.
  9. Budzynski M., Kustra W., Jamroz K., Gaca S., Michalski L., Guminska L., Method for forecasting road safety indicators for the purposes of economic effectiveness analyses for projects on Poland's national roads -for the GDDKiA, Gdansk University of Technology, Krakow University of Technology, Gdansk, 2013. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  10. Gaca S., Kiec M., Assessment of Pedestrian Risk at Crossing Using Kinematic-Probabilistic Model, Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board. 2514 (2015) 129-137. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  11. Jamroz K., Method of risk management in highway engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, 2011.
  12. Jamroz K., Budzyński M., Kustra W., Michalski L., Gaca S., Tools for Road Infrastructure Safety Management -Polish Experiences, Transp. Res. Procedia. 3 (2014) 730-739. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  13. Jamroz K., Analysis of risk exposure measues in road traffic, Probl. Eksploat. (2009) 165-176. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  14. Jamroz K., Kustra W., The risk atlas of Poland's national roads 2008-2010, Gdansk University of Technology, Foundation of Civil Engineering Development, 2011.
  15. Jamroz K., Strategic Risk Measures in Road Traffic, J. Konbin. 13 (2010). otwiera się w nowej karcie
  16. KiwiRAP, KiwiRAP Risk Maps report, Wellington, 2008. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  17. Lynam D., Hummel T., Barker J., Lawson S.D., European road assessment programme EuroRap -technical report, European Road Assessment Programme, 2004. otwiera się w nowej karcie
  18. Eenink R., Reurings M., Elvik R., Cardoso J., Wichert S., Stefan C., Accident Prediction Models and Road Safety Impact Assessment: recommendations for using these tools, 2005.
  19. Elvik R., Vaa T. The Handbook of Road Safety Measures, Elsevier, 2004. otwiera się w nowej karcie
Weryfikacja:
Politechnika Gdańska

wyświetlono 52 razy

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